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英語Presentation范文

發布時間:2021-03-12 16:54:15 閱讀:2919

案例簡介

  • 作者:致遠教育
  • 導讀:本文是一篇英語presentation范文,供大家參考學習。綜合收益表的列報,為了更好地反映投資公司的活動,并根據工商行政管理局發布的指導意見,分析收入和資本性質項目之間的綜合收益表的補充信息已與綜合收益表一并提交。
  • 字數:2218 字
  • 預計閱讀時間:7分鐘

案例詳情

本文是一篇英語presentation范文,供大家參考學習。綜合收益表的列報,為了更好地反映投資公司的活動,并根據工商行政管理局發布的指導意見,分析收入和資本性質項目之間的綜合收益表的補充信息已與綜合收益表一并提交。

正在做presentation的留學生

Presentation of the comprehensive income statement

In order to better reflect the activities of the Investment Company and in accordance with the guidance issued by the Administration for Industry and Commerce, additional information on the consolidated income statement that analyzes the relationship between income and capital nature items has been submitted with the consolidated income statement.

為了更好地反映投資公司的活動,并根據工商行政管理局發布的指導意見,在合并利潤表中提交了分析收入和資本性質項目之間關系的合并利潤表補充信息。

Investment property投資性房地產

Permanent title properties held by the Group for the purpose of earning income or capital appreciation or both are classified as investment properties under IAS 40 "Investment Properties". Properties held by way of finance leases for similar purposes are also classified as investment properties. Investment real estate is initially recognized as the purchase cost plus the directly attributable purchase expense. Investment real estate is recorded at the revaluation amount, and the revaluation amount is presented at the fair value determined on an open market basis on the reporting date. The fair value of an investment property is based on the valuation of an independent valuer with recognized relevant professional qualifications and up-to-date experience in the location and category of the investment property being valued.

本集團為賺取收入或資本增值或兩者兼而有之而持有的永久產權房地產根據國際會計準則第40號“投資性房地產”被歸類為投資性房地產。為類似目的而以融資租賃方式持有的物業亦分類為投資物業。投資性房地產初始確認為購買成本加上可直接歸屬于購買費用。投資性房地產按重估金額入賬,重估金額按報告日在公開市場基礎上確定的公允價值列報。投資性房地產的公允價值以獨立估價師的估價為基礎,該估價師具有公認的相關專業資格,并在被估價的投資性房地產的位置和類別方面具有最新經驗。

The fair value of an investment property usually includes the following factors:

• Market evidence of comparable transactions of similar properties;

• the actual current market and current market expectations for that type of property in that type of location at the reporting date;

• the rental income generated by the lease and market expectations regarding possible future lease terms;

• It is assumed that sellers and buyers, having a reasonable understanding of the current market, are motivated but not compelled to trade fairly in that market; As well as

• Investors' expectations of future improvements in rental income or market conditions.

Gains and losses resulting from changes in fair value are included in the statement of consolidated income for the year in which they occur. The purchase and sale of investment real estate is recognized when the contract is unconditionally exchanged during the current year and the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred.

The recognition of an investment real estate project shall be terminated at the time of disposal or when the continued use of the asset is not expected to generate future economic benefits. Any gain or loss (calculated at the difference between the net disposal gain and the carrying value of the item) arising from the termination of the recognition of the asset is included in the consolidated income statement for the year the item is terminated. Investment real estate does not depreciate.

Realized and unrealized gains on investment properties are listed as capital items in the consolidated income statement.

These loans are secured against the real estate by first class security, as noted in Note 17. According to industry practice, investment real estate is held by the nominated company.

The lease

Financing leases that substantially transfer all risks and benefits associated with ownership of the leased property to the Group are capitalized at the beginning of the lease at the fair value of the leased property or at the present value, if lower, of the minimum lease payment. Lease payments are apportioned between the financing expense and the reduction in the lease liability so that the interest rate on the balance of the liability remains the same. Financial expenses are deducted directly from revenue.

Operating lease is a lease other than financial lease. Lease income shall be recognized as income by the straight-line method during the lease term. The direct costs incurred in negotiating and arranging an operating lease are charged to the carrying value of the leased asset and are recognized as expenses during the lease term on the same basis as the lease income.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the year ended 31 December 2010 (continued)

2. Important Accounting Policies (continued)

The financial statements reflect the requirements of SIC 15 "Operating Leases - Incentive" as long as these requirements are material. If there are no conditions attached to the abandonment of the lease, the premium received at the time of the abandonment is immediately recorded as income.

Cash and cash equivalents

Cash includes cash on hand and bank deposits. Cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments that can be easily converted into a known amount of cash in three months or less with little risk of change in value.

Income and Expenditure

Revenues and expenses are charged to the consolidated income statement on an accrual basis. All income and expenses of the Group are generated from going concern. Income is recognized when economic benefits are likely to flow to the group and revenue can be measured reliably.

The lease bonus (including the refund premium paid) will be amortized on a straight-line basis from the commencement date of the lease to the earliest termination date. After the receipt of the refund premium on the pre-determined leases, the profits from the leases, after deducting the out-of-repair and unrecoverable expenses, are immediately reflected in the other operating income.

Property operating costs include rental professional fees and other unrecoverable costs.

The income collected from tenants for property services and the costs associated with such services are presented separately in the consolidated income statement to reflect that although the sum is held on behalf of the tenant occupying the property, the ultimate risk of payment and recovery of such fees is with the landlord.

The dividend

Dividends are recognized during payment.

Financial liabilities and equity

Financial liabilities and equity instruments are classified according to the substance of the contractual arrangements entered into. An equity instrument is a contract that identifies the residual interest in the assets of the group less all of its liabilities.

Derivative financial instruments

The group's activities expose it to financial risk from changes in interest rates. The Group uses interest rate swaps to mitigate this risk. The Group does not use derivative financial instruments for speculative purposes.

Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments are recognized in the statement of consolidated income at the time of generation. According to IAS 39, "Financial instruments: recognition and measurement", these derivatives are classified as transactionable financial instruments and are held solely for the purpose of reducing the risk of interest rate changes disclosed in Note 24.

Trade receivables

Trade receivables are presented at their notional amounts less an appropriate discount to the estimated unrecoverable amount.

Loans and Borrowing

All loans and borrowings are initially recognized at cost, i.e. the fair value of the consideration received less the issuance costs associated with the borrowings. After initial recognition, loans and borrowings are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method. Amortization costs are calculated by taking into account any issuance costs and any discounts or premiums at settlement.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the year ended 31 December 2010 (continued)

2. Important Accounting Policies (continued)

Gains and losses are recognized in the statement of consolidated income when liabilities are terminated and through the amortization process.

Other assets and liabilities

Other assets and liabilities are presented at face value without interest.

Equity

Common shares are classified as equity. The incremental costs directly attributable to the issuance of common stock are recognized as equity deductions.

Tax

The Board deals with the affairs of the Group so that management and control of the Group is not exercised in the UK and the Group does not trade in the UK. As a result, the Group is not liable to UK tax on income or capital gains generated in the UK, other than certain income from the UK.

The Group levies UK tax on income generated from investment properties and intra-Group loans after deducting allowable debt financing costs and allowable fees.

As at 31 December 2010, the Group was tax-free in Guernsey.

Principles for preparing cash flow statements

The statement of cash flows is prepared using the indirect method, which separates cash flows from operating activities, investment activities and financing activities. The net results have been adjusted for changes in amounts in the consolidated income statement and in the statement of financial position that did not generate cash receipts or expenditures.

The amounts of cash in the statement of cash flows include assets that can be converted into cash without any limitation and are not subject to any material risk of a decline in value as a result of the transaction. Dividends paid and declared are included in the cash flow generated by financing activities.

3. Rental income

Rental receivables, excluding VAT, are all from going concern in the United Kingdom.

4 Business Division

The director is the main operational decision maker. http://www.ukdeshesis.org/deshesis\u writing/Finance / 2012/0313/1083 HTML's board of directors is responsible for making the company's investment strategy according to the prospectus. They have delegated the day-to-day implementation of this strategy to their investment managers, but remain responsible for ensuring that the adequate resources of the company are guided in accordance with their decisions. Periodically review the investment decisions of the investment manager to ensure compliance with the Board's policies and legal responsibilities.

The investment manager has been given carte Blanche to act on behalf of the company. According to the terms of the investment management agreement, under the overall supervision of the board of directors, managers are the company's assets in the general distribution between different investment advice, as the company's borrowing policy advice and leveraged investment condition, management company subscribed yields and short-term liquidity in investment in fixed income instruments, and the companies use (and management) derivatives and hedge. Although the Investment Manager may make day-to-day investment decisions regarding the allocation of funds for different investments, any change in investment strategy or significant allocation decisions must be approved by the Board of Directors, even if the Investment Manager may propose it.

投資經理被授予全權代表公司行事。根據投資管理協議的條款,在董事會的全面監督下,管理人是公司資產在不同投資建議之間的一般分配,作為公司的借款政策建議和杠桿投資條件,管理公司認購固定收益工具投資的收益率和短期流動性,公司使用(和管理)衍生品和對沖。盡管投資管理人可以就不同投資的資金分配作出日常投資決策,但投資策略的任何變更或重大分配決策必須經董事會批準,即使投資管理人可以提出。

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