當前位置:首頁>案例中心>Essay代寫范文案例>Essay代寫范文-美國憲法與伊拉克憲法

Essay代寫范文-美國憲法與伊拉克憲法

發布時間:2020-11-06 14:58:50 閱讀:1066

案例簡介

  • 作者:致遠教育
  • 導讀:本文中,我們將對美國憲法對伊拉克憲法進行比較和對照。憲法都是現成的。1925年,在英國軍事占領的贊助下伊拉克憲法生效,然后形成了一個君主制的國家,這種政體一直持續到1958年歷經革命的方式建立了共和國。
  • 字數:1835 字
  • 預計閱讀時間:6分鐘

案例詳情

下面為大家整理一篇優秀的essay代寫范文 --The U.S. Constitution and the Iraqi Constitution,本文中,我們將對美國憲法對伊拉克憲法進行比較和對照。憲法都是現成的。1925年,在英國軍事占領的贊助下,伊拉克憲法生效,然后形成了一個君主制的國家,這種政體一直持續到1958年,歷經革命的方式建立了共和國。臨時憲法被實行了多年,2005年,全民投票表決,承認和批準了目前伊拉克人所使用的憲法。

美國憲法起草場景

大多數憲法通過限制政府自己的范圍保障人民的權利。另一方面美國憲法被認為是公民行使權力的基礎,具有高度的權威性,在美國和美國的聯邦政府中是極為有必要的。它設立了一個基本的框架,以更好滴研究美國政府和聯邦政府,公民,美國的所有人之間的關系。

A constitution can be defined as a laid down rules for the government which are time and again codified as a form of written manuscript that spells out and confines the functions and ability to exercise force of a political party (power). In the case of countries and sovereign regions of federal states the phrase refers exclusively to a constitution defining the core principles of politics, and instituting the configuration, procedures, powers and duties, of a government.

憲法可以被定義為政府制定的規則,這些規則被一次又一次地編纂成一種書面手稿,闡明和限制一個政黨(權力)的職能和能力。就聯邦國家和主權地區而言,這一短語僅指界定政治核心原則并規定政府結構、程序、權力和職責的憲法。

Most constitutions guarantee rights to the people by limiting the government’s own reach. We will be comparing and contrasting the American constitution against the Iraqi constitution. Both constitutions are codified. Under the patronage of a British military occupation in 1925, Iraqis first constitution entered into force which then formed a monarchy which remained in effect until in 1958, the revolution established a republic. Interim constitutions have been adopted over the years but a referendum that took place in 2005 approved the constitution currently being used by Iraqis.

On the other hand the American constitution is considered foundation and basis of the legal right to exercise power over another (authority) essential to the existence of the United States of America and the federal government of the United States. It grants the framework for the institute of the United States government and for the rapport of the federal government to the states, to citizens, and to all people within the United States.

大多數憲法通過限制政府的權力來保障人民的權利。我們將對比美國憲法和伊拉克憲法。這兩部憲法都是法典化的。1925年,在英國軍事占領的庇護下,伊拉克人第一部憲法生效,隨后形成了君主政體,直到1958年革命建立了共和國。多年來通過了臨時憲法,但2005年舉行的公民投票批準了伊拉克人目前使用的憲法。

Both constitutions empathize on democracy. The constitutions seek to protect the dignity and liberty of man. The constitutions forbid any kind of emotional, psychological, or physical torture. Both constitutions are mindful of the welfare and security of its people despite the freedom of communication the constitutions provide that the freedom can be breached by a judicial decision whenever it is a matter of national security. These affect the individual rights of the citizen. There is also freedom of worship in the constitutions although the Iraq constitution further states that Islam is the official language.

According to the Iraqi constitution section three chapter articles 49 the council of representatives shall be elected and shall consist of a number of members at a ratio of one member per 100,000 Iraqi persons. These representatives shall be elected by a direct secret general ballot. The members are elected for a term of 4 years. The president is elected by the council of representatives by a two-thirds majority and is limited to 2 terms in office with a span of 4years in 1 term. The president of Iraq has two deputies with whom they form a presidency council. The presidency council appoints the prime minister of Iraq and cabinet ministers who must be approved by assembly. There should be two thirds majority for a president to be elected. The American constitution states that the president has all the executive power vested on him the president is the chief diplomat and the commander in chief of the armed forces. For a maximum of two four-year terms the president and vice-president are elected as running mates by the Electoral College for which each single state is allocated a number of seats based on its representation on the senate and House of Representatives whose members of both the houses are elected by the Americans. The vice-president is second highest executive officer of the government. The vice-president is only allowed to vote in the senate to break a vote which is tied. The chief executive officer of the United States is the Secretary of State. The Secretary of state is appointed by the president and is the third highest ranking member of the government and they answer directly to the president. In the USA constitution the Supreme Court is the highest court of the land. The court is responsible for matters dealing with state disputes, and interpreting the constitution of the USA and overrules some legislations therefore creating precedents for future reference. The supreme and lower court justices are elected by the people while the rest are appointed since they are in the federal government. The Iraqi constitution provides that local court judges are appointed by the local authority, while the federal government appoints the supreme judges. Islam is also considered a source of legislation and the laws of administration circumscribe Shariah laws

U.S. citizens have almost universal suffrage from the age of 18. The state governments have the utmost impact over most Americans’ day to day lives. The Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution warranties their broad-spectrum plenary powers, against the limited spell out powers possessed by the federal government; as a result, they handle the bulk of the issues most pertinent for most individuals within their jurisdiction. The governor is the highest elected official at each state is the governor. There is also an elected state legislature in each state except Nebraska (bicameralism), whose members represent the state voters. The town, city, or county boards are the institutions responsible for local governments. The legislature in each state should stipulate the time manner and places of holding elections for senators and representatives. Iraq has a unicameral legislature

The president of the United Sates receives compensation, which may not be increased or decreased during their time in office; for being the president. Qualification for presidency in the United States include; a natural born citizen U. S. A, at least 35 years of age and have resided in the states for 14 years. The representatives must be of an age of 25 or above, and citizens of the land for a minimum of 7 years and an inhabitant of the state they are elected. The senators must be 30years and have been citizens of that states for 9 years and must be inhabitants of the state at the time.

The amendments as provided by the constitution of the United States may be approved in the following ways: by special convention from congress, ratified by two-thirds of both houses and sent for approval to the states, or by Two-thirds of the state legislatures applying to Congress for a constitutional caucus to consider amendments, which are then sent for approval to the states. Any amendments to the Iraqi constitution would have to be approved by a similar referendum to the one that had approved it originally.

Vacancies are to be filled by writs of election issued by the executive authority whenever vacancies happen from the representation of any state (Section 2, Clause 4,).

Madison provides it is of great importance not only to guard one part of the society against injustice but also to guard the other side of society against oppression from its rulers (1788). Thanksgiving has become a huge traditional American holiday, then there`s independence day which celebrates the declaration of independence which are all national holidays and enacted in the constitution.

Both the Iraq and the United States constitutions seek to serve their people who have different demographics. Each of the constitutions has the interests of the people at heart focusing on the different lifestyles and cultures of two different people. After analyzing both the constitutions and the research material which I have been through which some of the information is not included I find that both constitutions are very effective.

伊拉克憲法和美國憲法都試圖為人口結構不同的人民服務。每一部憲法都把人民的利益放在心上,關注兩個不同民族的不同生活方式和文化。在分析了憲法和我所查閱的研究材料(其中一些信息沒有包括在內)之后,我發現這兩個憲法都是非常有效的。

以上就是Essay范文全部內容,歡迎閱讀,范文內容和格式僅供留學生參考學習,不得抄襲,如有Essay代寫需要,請聯系網站客服。

其他案例

911国产在线观看无码专区