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Research Proposal模板范文

發布時間:2020-04-02 11:38:31 閱讀:6786

案例簡介

  • 作者:致遠教育
  • 導讀:本文上一篇Research Proposal模板范文,主要討論了自我表露水平對關系滿意度的影響。范文模板、格式、內容僅供留學生參考學習,不得抄襲,如有Research Proposal代寫需要請聯系網站客服。
  • 字數:1217 字
  • 預計閱讀時間:4分鐘

案例詳情

本文上一篇Research Proposal模板范文,主要討論了自我表露水平對關系滿意度的影響。范文模板、格式、內容僅供留學生參考學習,不得抄襲,如有Research Proposal代寫需要請聯系網站客服。

Research Proposal模板范文

Topic:

This research proposal suggests research on how the level of self-disclosure effects the degree of relationship satisfaction.

Review of Literature:文獻綜述

Guerrero & Afifi (1995) conducted a study to examine topic avoidance and self-disclosure in family relationships. They found that males reported avoiding discussion of relationship issues more than females did. As Martin&Anderson(1995)sought to examine the motives behind self-disclosure in father-young adult relationships and the resulting level of relationship satisfaction, their study found that young adults seem to model their self-disclosure after their fathers' self-disclosure. Pegalis, Shaffer, Bazzini, & Greenier (1994) examined the generality of the opener effect to males and females across different situational contexts. They found that both genders disclosed more and longer to high openers than to low openers across the different contexts, Leaper, Carson, Baker, Holliday, & Myers (1995) used both same- and opposite-sex dyads in order to examine the relationship between listener verbal support and self-disclosure among friends. They found that females tended to be more responsive and supportive than males during discussions in both same- and cross-gender friendships. However, it was also found that men made more disclosing comments than did women, indicating that it is possible for males to disclose as much as females. They also found that imbalances in self-disclosure and verbal support are related to relationship dissatisfaction.

Guerrero&Afifi(1995)進行了一項研究,以考察家庭關系中的話題回避和自我表露。他們發現男性比女性更傾向于回避討論戀愛問題。正如Martin&Anderson(1995)試圖研究父子關系中自我表露背后的動機和由此產生的關系滿意度水平一樣,他們的研究發現,年輕人似乎在父子關系自我表露之后模仿了他們的自我表露。Pegalis,Shaffer,Bazzini和Greenier(1994)研究了不同情境下對男性和女性開放效應的普遍性。他們發現,在不同的語境中,兩種性別對高開放者比低開放者披露的時間越來越長,Leaper、Carson、Baker、Holliday和Myers(1995)同時使用了同性和異性二元性來研究聽者的言語支持和朋友之間的自我表露之間的關系。他們發現,在同性別和跨性別友誼的討論中,女性往往比男性更有反應力和支持力。然而,研究還發現,男性比女性發表更多的公開言論,表明男性有可能像女性一樣公開。他們還發現,自我表露和言語支持的不平衡與關系不滿有關。

Drawing on these findings, it could be possible to anticipate that individuals who have similar patterns of self-disclosure would have higher degrees of relationship satisfaction. Continued research may further explore what other factors affect the degree of relationship satisfaction.

根據這些發現,我們可以預期,具有相似自我表露模式的個體會有更高的關系滿意度。繼續研究可能會進一步探討其他因素對關系滿意度的影響。

Research Question:研究問題

What effect does the level of self-disclosure have on the degree of relationship satisfaction?

自我表露水平對關系滿意度有何影響?

Hypothesis:

Individuals who experience similar levels of self-disclosure will be more likely to have higher degrees of relationship satisfaction.

Method:

In congruence with the previous study conducted by Martin & Anderson (I 995), a design involving approximately 200 undergraduate students, I 00 male and I 00 female will be used. They will complete questionnaires consisting of measures of self-disclosure and communication satisfaction. They will also be given a questionnaire to have their significant others complete. This questionnaire will include the same measures. Participants will be informed that this research study focuses on self-disclosure and levels of relationship satisfaction, participation is voluntary, and their responses will be kept confidential. A self-addressed envelope will be enclosed to assist in confidentiality.

Participants will complete the Self-Disclosure Scale (SDS) and the Communication Satisfaction Scale (CSS). Their responses will be compared with those of their partner's in order to assess the similarities between the pair's levels of self-disclosure to each other and their degree of relationship satisfaction.Research Proposal writing service www.hotessay.cn

Participants will also be given a second questionnaire, which will ask them to assess what they believe to be their partners' level of self-disclosure and degree of relationship satisfaction. These responses will also be compared to examine whether individuals' self-reports of their levels of disclosure and satisfaction match up with what their partners believe their levels to be.

Predictions:

In response to the study done by Martin & Anderson (I 995), it should become clear that the amount of self-disclosure that occurs between individuals affects the relational satisfaction that is felt by both parties. Leaper et al. (1995) found that imbalances in self-disclosure and verbal support are related to relationship dissatisfaction. This would seem to indicate that the opposite would be true, as well. So, it may be found that individuals who experience similar levels of self-disclosure will have higher degrees of relationship satisfaction.

A possible problem using the methods chosen is that self-report may not be entirely accurate. People may not truthfully portray their levels of self-disclosure and relational satisfaction. However, through the use of confidentiality and the second questionnaire that asks the partners to assess each other's levels, it is hoped that the potential for this problem may be decreased.

References

Guerrero, L., & Afifi, W. (Summer 1995). Some things are better left unsaid: Topic avoidance in family relationships. Communication Quarterly, 43, 276-296.

Leaper, C., Carson, M., Baker, C., Holliday, H., & Myers, S. (1995). Self-disclosure and listener verbal support in same-gender and cross-gender friends' conversations. Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 33. 3 8 7-405.

Martin, M., & Anderson, M- (Spring 1995). The father-young adult relationship: Interpersonal motives, self-disclosure, and satisfaction. Communication Quarterly, 43, 119-130.

Pegalis, L., Shaffer, D., Bazzini, D., & Greenier, K. (1994). On the ability to elicit self disclosure: Are there gender-based and contextual limitations on the opener effect? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20, 412-420.

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