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GRE作文怎么寫?GRE作文范文模板分享

發布時間:2021-09-14 10:51:36 閱讀:714 作者:致遠教育 字數:3399 字 預計閱讀時間:10分鐘
導讀:一篇好的GRE作文應該怎么寫?本文會從ETS官方給出的評分細則和GRE作文范文模板中為大家分析應該如何寫好一篇GRE作文。

GRE作文分數有多難拿?中國學生最有優勢的,當然是quantitative, 真的是在全世界都出名的“東亞數學天才”,平均分164.8, percentile全球前12%。Verbal 語文,中國學生作為非英語母語國家考生,雖說還差一點才能達到全球平均水平,但是148.6的成績,也是全球42%的percentile了。

GRE作文怎么寫?

那么中國學生的寫作呢?真的是非常非常的讓人跌破眼鏡了。平均分3.1, 全球倒數17%的percentile??!全球倒數17%的寫作成績,真的是要想上文科類美國名校,是徹底沒有任何希望的。賓大教育學就有一個不成文的規定,寫作最最低要求是3.5分。這讓很多3分的學生,不得不被拒之名校之外。

有的同學這時候可能會想,英語國家的平均分不也就只有4分嘛。3分到4分,也就一分之差,有很大的關系么?這個關系可就大了。

直觀的來講吧,什么叫全球17%的percentile呢? 就相當于quantitative 只考了142分,是17%的percentile,相當于Verbal考了141分, 也是17%的percentile。這么低的成績,真的用來申請是非常難的。而寫作4分,全球59%的percentile,相當于Verbal 153, 數學152的成績,也就是說,這寫作從3-4,別看差距至于哦一分,相當于Verbal后者Quantitative差距10分之多。

那么,一篇好的GRE作文應該是什么樣的呢?下面會從ETS官方給出的評分細則和范文中為大家分析應該如何寫好一篇作文。

1.GRE作文怎么寫?

首先,我們要考慮的問題是,我們想寫一篇怎樣的GRE作文?是一篇語言優美如散文一般的文章,還是一篇在grader眼中可以得高分的文章?很多同學,在考試之前,都錯誤的用“自己認為的一篇好文章的標準”去指導自己的寫作,而從未考慮過,grader閱卷人,究竟以怎樣的標準在給一篇文章打分。

那么這時候,如果你還不知道grader的打分標準,請一定打開官網,閱讀這一段話。(GRE國內眾多寫作資料魚龍混雜,請一定以官網為主,不要輕易相信一些機構給出的寫作建議,一定認真閱讀官網所展示的打分標準)以下是GRE argument 與issue的打分標準:

官網給出的Scoring Guide for the Argument Task

官網給出的Scoring Guide for the Argument Task

官網給出的Scoring Guide for the Issue Task 

官網給出的Scoring Guide for the Issue Task

總結起來,大概是一下幾點:

一定要看instruction??!

有些題目往往很相似,但是instruction不一樣,那么就是兩篇完全不同的題目。如果instruction沒有扣住,想要拿到高分就很難了。

找對點,topic sentence要寫對

對于argument來說,一定要找到前提到結論非要不可的橋梁。不可以質疑前提,或者從結論出發。這個橋梁是什么意思呢,就是要找前提到結論非要不可的一個條件,如果這個條件不成立,前提對結論就沒有支持力度。

而對于issue來講,就是要找到一個體現深刻思考,并且邏輯嚴密的理由,作為段落的topic sentence. 如果理由本身沒有說服力,就算后面努力給出很多論證,也依舊很難說服別人。對于issue來講,最重要的,永遠是說服力。

給出強有力的支撐部分

這是一個非常重要的得分點。

對于argument來講,就是你的舉反例部分,是否能夠足夠有說服力,讓別人覺得你就找的這個邏輯漏洞真的很對,文章中的前提確實可能推不出結論。比如說,前提是我上個月我發胖了,上個月我分手了,結論是我要想挽回我男朋友,就得減肥。

這里,找一條前提到結論非要不可的條件,就是作者assume了發胖是分手,的原因。然后努力的舉有說服力的反例:而事實上,很有可能的情況是,男朋友劈腿才是分手的原因,或者性格不合吵架才是分手原因。如果情況是這樣的,那么前提,對于支撐結論“要想挽回男朋友就要減肥”,就完全沒有任何支撐力度了。

那么,對于issue來講,給出強有力的支撐,就是要給出足夠有支撐力,有細節,邏輯嚴密的論證。這里可以是說理論證,舉例論證,數據統計等,原則就是,要對段落主題有足夠的支撐,讓人信服。

 銜接! 銜接!銜接!

很多同學不知道,GRE 打分標準中,銜接是很重要的一個得分點。

文章的邏輯連貫,非常需要起承轉合等表達邏輯鏈條關系的詞匯。文章的結構,通過這些linking words,應該是讓人感受到一目了然的。句與句之間,段落與段落之間的關系,要交代的很清楚。官網4分的文章中,有一句話,與上下文沒有銜接,就被grader單獨拎了出來,叫做跳躍句,對邏輯鏈條關系交代的不夠清楚。

詞匯,句式,語法

語言重要么?只能說,對于GRE考試來講,語言不是最重要的。

就相當于問一你個問題:博士論文,語言重要么?好的一篇博士論文,一定是沒有語法錯誤,語言精練,清晰,用詞準確的。但是,我們不能因為一篇論文語言非常優美,就說這是一篇好的論文。博士論文,最重要的,一定還是其中的內容。

GRE 作為一個英語為載體的考試,首先,語言必須清晰,就算有小錯誤,不可以影響到閱讀。在不影響閱讀的情況下,最重要的,就是文章的邏輯與說服力。但是,倘若文章語法錯誤百出,grader根本就很難讀懂你的內容,那么,就算再好的內容,別人看不懂,看是沒用的。

GRE滿分范文示范

2.GRE滿分范文示范

以下,給大家呈上一篇GRE 官網6分issue范文及grader點評,以及相應的3分文章及點評,讓大家看到grader眼中,究竟看重什么,怎樣才能得到高分。題目如下:

As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate.

Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position.

Essay Response — Score 6

The statement linking technology negatively with free thinking plays on recent human experience over the past century. Surely there has been no time in history where the lived lives of people have changed more dramatically. A quick reflection on a typical day reveals how technology has revolutionized the world. Most people commute to work in an automobile that runs on an internal combustion engine. During the workday, chances are high that the employee will interact with a computer that processes information on silicon bridges that are .09 microns wide. Upon leaving home, family members will be reached through wireless networks that utilize satellites orbiting the earth. Each of these common occurrences could have been inconceivable at the turn of the 19th century.

The statement attempts to bridge these dramatic changes to a reduction in the ability for humans to think for themselves. The assumption is that an increased reliance on technology negates the need for people to think creatively to solve previous quandaries. Looking back at the introduction, one could argue that without a car, computer, or mobile phone, the hypothetical worker would need to find alternate methods of transport, information processing and communication. Technology short circuits this thinking by making the problems obsolete.

However, this reliance on technology does not necessarily preclude the creativity that marks the human species. The prior examples reveal that technology allows for convenience. The car, computer and phone all release additional time for people to live more efficiently. This efficiency does not preclude the need for humans to think for themselves. In fact, technology frees humanity to not only tackle new problems, but may itself create new issues that did not exist without technology. For example, the proliferation of automobiles has introduced a need for fuel conservation on a global scale. With increasing energy demands from emerging markets, global warming becomes a concern inconceivable to the horse-and-buggy generation. Likewise dependence on oil has created nation-states that are not dependent on taxation, allowing ruling parties to oppress minority groups such as women. Solutions to these complex problems require the unfettered imaginations of maverick scientists and politicians.

In contrast to the statement, we can even see how technology frees the human imagination. Consider how the digital revolution and the advent of the internet has allowed for an unprecedented exchange of ideas. WebMD, a popular internet portal for medical information, permits patients to self research symptoms for a more informed doctor visit. This exercise opens pathways of thinking that were previously closed off to the medical layman. With increased interdisciplinary interactions, inspiration can arrive from the most surprising corners. Jeffrey Sachs, one of the architects of the UN Millenium Development Goals, based his ideas on emergency care triage techniques. The unlikely marriage of economics and medicine has healed tense, hyperinflation environments from South America to Eastern Europe.

This last example provides the most hope in how technology actually provides hope to the future of humanity. By increasing our reliance on technology, impossible goals can now be achieved. Consider how the late 20th century witnessed the complete elimination of smallpox. This disease had ravaged the human race since prehistorical days, and yet with the technology of vaccines, free thinking humans dared to imagine a world free of smallpox. Using technology, battle plans were drawn out, and smallpox was systematically targeted and eradicated.

Technology will always mark the human experience, from the discovery of fire to the implementation of nanotechnology. Given the history of the human race, there will be no limit to the number of problems, both new and old, for us to tackle. There is no need to retreat to a Luddite attitude to new things, but rather embrace a hopeful posture to the possibilities that technology provides for new avenues of human imagination.

Rater Commentary for Essay Response — Score 6

The author of this essay stakes out a clear and insightful position on the issue and follows the specific instructions (一定要符合instruction)by presenting reasons to support that position. (清晰且富有洞察力的觀點。這邊如果過于膚淺的討論,也是很難上4分的)The essay cogently(cogent, 有說服力)argues that technology does not decrease our ability to think for ourselves, but merely provides "additional time for people to live more efficiently." In fact, the problems that have developed alongside the growth of technology (pollution, political unrest in oil-producing nations) actually call for more creative thinking, not less.

In further examples, the essay shows how technology allows for the linking of ideas that may never have been connected in the past (like medicine and economic models), pushing people to think in new ways. Examples are persuasive and fully developed;(例子非常的有說服力,而且展開充分)reasoning is logically sound and well supported(邏輯推理嚴密,有說服力).

Ideas in the essay are connected logically, with effective transitions used both between paragraphs("However" or "In contrast to the statement")and within paragraphs(觀點銜接真的是grader非??粗氐?. Sentence structure is varied and complex and the essay clearly demonstrates facility with the "conventions of standard written English (i.e., grammar, usage and mechanics)," with only minor errors appearing(句式多樣性體現語言能力). Thus, this essay meets all the requirements for receiving a top score, a 6.

Essay Response — Score 3

There is no current proof that advancing technology will deteriorate the ability of humans to think. On the contrary, advancements in technology had advanced our vast knowledge in many fields, opening opportunities for further understanding and achievement. For example, the problem of dibilitating illnesses and diseases such as alzheimer's disease is slowing being solved by the technological advancements in stem cell research. The future ability of growing new brain cells and the possibility to reverse the onset of alzheimer's is now becoming a reality. This shows our initiative as humans to better our health demonstrates greater ability of humans to think.

One aspect where the ability of humans may initially be seen as an example of deteriorating minds is the use of internet and cell phones. In the past humans had to seek out information in many different enviroments and aspects of life. Now humans can sit in a chair and type anything into a computer and get an answer. Our reliance on this type of technology can be detrimental if not regulated and regularily substituted for other information sources such as human interactions and hands on learning. I think if humans understand that we should not have such a reliance on computer technology, that we as a species will advance further by utilizing the opportunity of computer technology as well as the other sources of information outside of a computer. Supplementing our knowledge with internet access is surely a way for technology to solve problems while continually advancing the human race.

Rater Commentary for Essay Response — Score 3

This essay never moves beyond a superficial discussion of the issue. (膚淺的討論,真的只能是3分)The writer attempts to develop two points: that advancements in technology have progressed our knowledge in many fields and that supplementing rather than relying on technology is "surely a way for technology to solve problems while continually advancing the human race." Each point, then, is developed with relevant but insufficient evidence(雖然relevant,也就是不跑題,但是證據卻非常不充分,沒有說服力). In discussing the potential of technology to advance knowledge in many fields (a broad subject, rife with possible examples), the writer uses only one limited and very brief example from a specific field (medicine and stem-cell research)(論據不充分導致分數低。說服力真的是Issue高分至關重要的).

Development of the second point is hindered by a lack of specificity and organization(不夠具體,不夠深入). The writer creates what might be best described as an outline. The writer cites a need for regulation/supplementation and warns of the detriment of over-reliance upon technology. However, the explanation of both the problem and solution is vague and limited ("Our reliance ... can be detrimental. If humans understand that we should not have such a reliance ... we will advance further")(解釋部分模糊且有限,不夠清晰). There is neither explanation of consequences nor clarification of what is meant by "supplementing." This second paragraph is a series of generalizations that are loosely connected(邏輯銜接不夠緊密) and lack a much-needed grounding.

In the essay, there are some minor language errors and a few more serious flaws (e.g., "The future ability of growing new brain cells" or "One aspect where the ability of humans may initially be seen as an example of deteriorating minds")(有一些嚴重的語法或者用詞問題,導致理解困難,也是讓分數低的重要原因). Despite the accumulation of such flaws, the writer's meaning is generally clear. Thus, this essay earns a score of 3.

GRE寫作,作為中國考試GRE 最弱的一項,真的是非常需要引起每個考生的注意。一定不能僅僅把GRE寫作當做一次“考英語“的考試,覺得語言優美,用詞高端就可以得高分,而要真正去關注閱卷人的打分標準,理解ETS真正想要的一篇文章是怎樣的。

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