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如何寫出一篇強有力的Why School文書?

發布時間:2021-09-17 14:59:57 閱讀:901 作者:致遠教育 字數:1947 字 預計閱讀時間:6分鐘
導讀:附加文書已經存在了幾代人,而且有一個很好的理由:它們使招生人員能夠看到候選人對目標大學有多認真。這一點在目前的考試壟斷中尤為重要,尤其是對于那些選擇性的大學和公立研究型大學。

如何寫出一篇強有力的Why School文書?

How to Write a Strong “Why This College" Essay

如何寫出一篇強有力的 “Why School "的文書

Supplemental essays have been around for generations, and there’s a good reason: they enable admissions officers to see just how serious a candidate is about the target college. That’s particularly important in this test-opolumes, especially to selective colleges and public research universities. tional admissions era characterized by unprecedented application v

附加文書已經存在了幾代人,而且有一個很好的理由:它們使招生人員能夠看到候選人對目標大學有多認真。這一點在目前的考試壟斷中尤為重要,尤其是對于那些選擇性的大學和公立研究型大學。

I always tell students to picture an admissions reader at their screen reading hundreds of essays. Yours has to stand out and grab their attention. So get ready to nail those supplemental essays, especially your response to the most common prompt: Why [Name of College]?

我總是告訴學生,想象一個招生人員在他們的屏幕前閱讀數以百計的文書。你的文書必須脫穎而出,抓住他們的注意力。因此,請準備好這些附加文書,特別是你對最常見的提示的回應。為什么選擇[學院名稱]?

How Colleges Use Supplemental Essays

大學如何使用附加文書

According to an article in the Cornell Sun, supplemental essays are reviewed at multiple steps in a complex applicant review process. “The essay is the opportunity for students to demonstrate both their writing skills and that they have taken the time to research and learn about Cornell,” states Pamela Tan, now Deputy Director of Admissions.

根據《康奈爾太陽報》的一篇文章,在復雜的申請審查過程中,附加文書要經過多個步驟的審查。“文書是學生展示他們的寫作技巧和他們花時間研究和了解康奈爾大學的機會,"現在的招生副主任Pamela Tan說。

On the Tufts website, Becky Stiles, Associate Director, Tufts Admission, shares:

在塔夫茨大學的網站上,塔夫茨大學招生部副主任貝基-斯蒂爾斯分享說。

“I do want to stress the part about being specific in your Why Tufts? Essay . . . Specificity allows you to show off your knowledge of our community while also helping admissions officers picture you here . . . This year, I will read close to 3,000 supplemental essay questions, and it is surprisingly easy to tell when a student just isn’t excited or honest. Put a lot of hustle into your supplement. Know that the time you take pays off . . . Some students who end up applying to Tufts might not have us at the top of their list or have shown demonstrated interest in the traditional sense. But some of those students will show us through their application that they are quintessential Jumbo.”

“我確實想強調關于在你的《為什么是塔夫茨?...。具體的內容可以讓你展示你對我們社區的了解,同時也幫助招生人員想象你在這里的樣子。今年,我將閱讀近3000個補充文書問題,而且令人驚訝的是,很容易看出一個學生只是不興奮或不誠實。在你的附加材料中投入大量的精力。要知道,你所花的時間是有回報的。一些最終申請塔夫茨大學的學生可能沒有把我們放在他們名單的首位,或者沒有表現出傳統意義上的興趣。但其中一些學生會通過他們的申請向我們展示他們是典型的Jumbo。"

How Colleges Present Their Essay Prompt

大學如何提出他們的文書提示

Here are a few “Why [Name of College]?” prompts released for the 2020-21 application cycle.

以下是為2020-21年申請周期發布的一些 “為什么[學院名稱]?"的文書題目。

There are thousands of universities and colleges. Why are you interested in attending Chapman? (Chapman, 200 words or fewer)

有成千上萬的大學和學院。你為什么對參加查普曼大學感興趣?(查普曼,200字或更少)

While arguing a Dartmouth-related case before the U.S. Supreme Court in 1818, Daniel Webster, Class of 1801, delivered this memorable line:

1818年,1801班的丹尼爾-韋伯斯特在美國最高法院為一個與達特茅斯有關的案件進行辯論時,說出了這句令人難忘的話。

"It is, sir,…a small college, and yet there are those who love it!" As you seek admission to the Class of 2026, what aspects of the College's program, community, or campus environment attract your interest? (Dartmouth, 100 words)

“先生,它是一所小學院,但也有一些人熱愛它!" 當你尋求加入2026級時,學院的課程、社區或校園環境的哪些方面吸引你的興趣?(達特茅斯,100字)

Why are you applying to Occidental? What are your intellectual curiosities and why do you think Occidental is the right place for you to pursue them? (Occidental, 200 words max)

你為什么要申請西方學院?你有哪些智力上的好奇心,為什么你認為西方學院是你追求這些好奇心的正確場所?(西方大學,最多200字)

Tell us why you would like to attend the University of Wisconsin–Madison. In addition, please include why you are interested in studying the major(s) you have selected. If you selected undecided, please describe your areas of possible academic interest. (Wisconsin, 650 words)

告訴我們你為什么想去威斯康星大學麥迪遜分校。此外,請包括你為什么對學習你所選擇的專業感興趣。如果你選擇了未決定的專業,請描述你可能感興趣的學術領域。(威斯康辛州,650字)

This is just a brief sampling, of course. As you tackle your supplements, you are bound to encounter this very popular prompt, with some colleges allowing more words than others. On the Common App, supplemental essay questions often appear in sections other than Writing, and this year is no exception. So check carefully before assuming that you’re off the hook.

當然,這只是一個簡單的樣本。當你處理你的補充材料時,你一定會遇到這個非常受歡迎的提示,有些大學允許的字數比其他大學多。在通用申請中,附加文書問題經常出現在寫作以外的部分,今年也不例外。因此,在假設你已經脫險之前,請仔細檢查

Your Plan of Attack

你的攻擊計劃

Your response to the prompt is a special opportunity to link your skills, interest and research to that specific college.

你對提示的回應是一個特殊的機會,可以將你的技能、興趣和研究與該特定學院聯系起來。

Try these four techniques:

試試這四個技巧

Take Notes 做筆記

Grid Out Your Ideas 整理你的想法

Focus Foremost on Academics 把重點放在學術上

Write With Style 寫得有風格

Be Concise 簡潔

Take notes 做好筆記

While I like students to tackle their Personal Essay before writing the supplemental essays, you may want to switch that order if you’re taking a tour soon. Some of my students report that they’ve recently been able to attend formal admissions events; others have gone to campuses and taken self-guided tours. Of course, many have done virtual tours. No matter how you’ve seen a college, jot down your thoughts while they’re fresh in your mind. You don’t want to confuse one college with another. No admissions reader at Michigan wants to read an essay about sitting at the Memorial Union Terrace overlooking Lake Mendota. (That’s Wisconsin, not Michigan.)

雖然我喜歡學生在寫附加文書之前處理他們的個人文書,但如果你很快要去參觀,你可能想改變這個順序。我的一些學生報告說,他們最近能夠參加正式的招生活動;另一些學生則去了校園,進行自助參觀。當然,許多人已經做了虛擬旅游。無論你是如何看待一所大學的,趁著你的想法還在腦海中,把它們記下來。你不想把一所大學和另一所大學搞混。密歇根大學的招生人員不希望讀到一篇關于坐在紀念聯盟平臺上俯瞰門多塔湖的文章。(那是威斯康星州,不是密歇根州)。

Grid out your ideas

劃分你的想法

Even if you are a masterful writer, it pays to map out your response writing paragraphs.

即使你是一個高超的作家,也要為你的回應寫作段落繪制地圖。

Focus foremost on academics

首要關注的是學術

If you’ve been to New Orleans, you know that it’s about as lively a city as possible, including quaint streets, po ’boys, beignets and a classic streetcar. While Tulane Admissions appreciates that you love its unique town, would you really take up too many words writing about eating in New Orleans? After all, Tulane is a major research university located on the opposite side of the famous French Quarter. It embodies community service. Highly qualified students receive offers of special housing and honors programs. So whatever your plans might be should you wind up in New Orleans during Mardi Gras, spare Tulane the details and tell them why you want to join their community.

如果你去過新奧爾良,你知道它是一個盡可能活潑的城市,包括古樸的街道、po 'boy、beignets和經典的有軌電車。雖然杜蘭大學招生辦感謝你對其獨特的城市的熱愛,但你真的會占用太多文字來寫在新奧爾良的飲食嗎?畢竟,杜蘭大學是一所主要的研究型大學,位于著名的法國區的對面。它體現了社區服務。高素質的學生可以得到特殊的住房和榮譽課程。因此,無論你的計劃是什么,如果你在狂歡節期間出現在新奧爾良,請不要告訴杜蘭大學這些細節,并告訴他們為什么你想加入他們的社區。

The same holds true of colleges in major urban centers (think NYU, BU, USC). Sure, you want to go to college in [name of city] because of all it has to offer. But would a college rather hear about its location or its academics? Nearby shops or its research labs? What you’d do on a day off or what you’d contribute while on campus? You get the idea.

主要城市中心的大學也是如此(想想紐約大學、BU、南加州大學)。當然,你想在[城市名稱]上大學,因為它能提供的一切。但是,一所大學更愿意聽到它的位置還是它的學術?附近的商店還是它的研究實驗室?你在休息日會做什么,還是你在校園里會做出什么貢獻?你會明白的。

The student I referred to above took a virtual tour of Tulane, which she used in her introduction. She went on to elaborate on the key points in the grid above. She was admitted Early Action as a Tulane Honors Scholar, receiving the Founders Award merit scholarship: $23,000 annually! With her permission, I am sharing some of her essay below. (For more, check out Supplementing the College Supplement.)

我上面提到的那個學生對杜蘭大學進行了一次虛擬參觀,她在介紹中使用了這一點。她繼續闡述了上述網格中的關鍵點。她作為杜蘭大學的榮譽學者被提前錄取,獲得了創始人獎的優秀獎學金:每年23,000美元!在她看來,這是一個很好的機會。經她同意,我在下面分享她的部分文書。(更多內容,請查看《大學補習》)。

Her opening sentence:

她的開場白

The first virtual campus tour I viewed during my college search process was Tulane’s, and I have yet to view a virtual tourthat had as much as an impact on me.

在我尋找大學的過程中,我看的第一個虛擬校園之旅是杜蘭大學的,我還沒有看過一個對我有那么大影響的虛擬校園之旅。

Her thesis statement

她的論文陳述

I would like to spend my next four years at a campus that values a balance between academics and involvement in campus life as well as a commitment to their surrounding community, and Tulane checks that box.

我想在一個重視學術和參與校園生活之間的平衡以及對周圍社區的承諾的校園里度過我的未來四年,而杜蘭大學符合這個條件。

Her concluding paragraph:

她的結尾一段

Ultimately, the strong sense of community of collaborative, service-oriented, and happy students is what has drawn me into the spirited environment at Tulane. I know it is a place where I will not only pursue many academically enriching and challenging opportunities but also where I will find my happiness and form connections with others that will last a lifetime.

歸根結底,由合作、服務導向和快樂的學生組成的強烈的社區意識是吸引我進入杜蘭大學這個充滿活力的環境的原因。我知道在這個地方,我不僅會追求許多學術上的豐富和挑戰機會,而且會在這里找到我的幸福,并與他人形成終生的聯系。

Write with style

寫得有風格

Remember the storytelling approach that worked so well with your Common App Personal Essay? It can work just as well with the Why [Name of College]? essay. You have a story to tell about why you picked that college and what you can add to its community. Let them hear you!

還記得在你的通用申請個人文書中非常有效的講故事的方法嗎?它在 “為什么選擇[大學名稱]"一文中也能發揮同樣的作用。你有一個故事要講,為什么你會選擇那所大學,以及你能為其社區帶來什么。讓他們聽到你的聲音!

That’s not to say that every supplemental essay needs to be clever and loaded with supporting details; some word counts won’t allow that. Be sincere, and use the checklist below. Read your essay out loud if that helps. Share it with a trusted friend or teacher.

這并不是說每篇附加文書都需要聰明和充滿支持性的細節;有些字數是不允許的。要真誠,并使用下面的檢查表。大聲讀出你的文書,如果這有幫助的話。與一個值得信賴的朋友或老師分享。

Be concise

要簡明扼要

Tulane’s word count (i.e., up to 800 words) is about as high as you’ll see for Why [Name of College]? What if you’re a prospective film major targeting Chapman University and you have 200 words to show your love? You can’t afford to spare too many words on the proximity to Hollywood. So take those 200 words and make sure you tell Chapman admissions readers what you want to study, how their program will enable you to maximize your experience and what else you’ll be involved with if you’re fortunate enough to be included in their Class of 2026.

杜蘭大學的字數(即最多800字)與你所看到的為什么[學院名稱]的字數差不多。如果你是一個以查普曼大學為目標的未來電影專業的學生,你有200個字來表達你的愛意呢?你不能在靠近好萊塢的問題上放過太多的字。因此,利用這200個字,確保你告訴查普曼大學的招生讀者你想學習什么,他們的課程如何使你的經驗最大化,以及如果你有幸被納入他們的2026級,你還會參與什么。

Four Things NOT to do on the "Why This College" Essay

在 “為什么選擇這所大學 "的文書中,有四件事不能做

Don’t write what you can read on the website. (They already know that.)

1、不要寫你能在網站上讀到的東西。(他們已經知道了)。

Don’t assume optional really means optional. (It doesn’t.)

2、不要認為可選項目真的意味著可選。(并非如此)。

Don’t tell them they’re the only college that offers incredible internships. (They’re not.)

3、不要告訴他們,他們是唯一提供不可思議的實習機會的大學。(他們不是。)

Don’t reuse essays for different colleges. If you must cut and paste, be sure to edit and customize!

4、不要重復使用不同大學的文山內湖。如果你一定要剪切和粘貼,一定要編輯和定制!

Supplemental Essay Checklist

附加文書檢查表

Look through all sections of the college’s supplement for prompts (not just Writing).

查看大學附加材料的所有部分的提示(不僅僅是寫作)。

Be sure the essay is written in authentic voice (yours).

確保文書是以真實的聲音(你的)來寫。

Check English grammar and usage.

檢查英語語法和用法。

Verify the word count.

核實字數。

Use the Common App Preview button.

使用Common App的預覽按鈕。

Link your experiences to the college.

將你的經歷與大學聯系起來。

We never know what will happen in a given year. But If you follow these tips, you’ll be on your way to attaining the desired outcome, hopefully at your first choice school!

我們永遠不知道在某一年會發生什么。但是,如果你遵循這些提示,你就會在達到預期結果的道路上,希望能在你的第一選擇的學校!

Keep Reading

繼續閱讀

Read on for more tips on writing college essays or view Nina Berler's eBook on Supplemental Essays.

繼續閱讀更多關于寫大學文書的提示,或查看Nina Berler的補充文書電子書。

Applying early? See what other applicants are saying on the early decision forums.

提前申請?看看其他申請人在早期決定論壇上是怎么說的。

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