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例析如何寫好Essay開頭段?

發布時間:2020-12-09 16:37:13 閱讀:1414 作者:致遠教育 字數:2681 字 預計閱讀時間:8分鐘
導讀:“萬事開頭難”,一個好的開頭段是整篇essay獲得高分的敲門磚。在留學生準備Essay寫作的過程中,側重點往往都放在主體段內容的架構上,這本無可厚非;但若要在原有分數的基礎上再進步獲取高分,一個引人入勝并有趣的首段是必不可少的。那么,如何寫好Essay開頭段?本文致遠教育小...

“萬事開頭難”,一個好的開頭段是整篇essay獲得高分的敲門磚。在留學生準備Essay寫作的過程中,側重點往往都放在主體段內容的架構上,這本無可厚非;但若要在原有分數的基礎上再進步獲取高分,一個引人入勝并有趣的首段是必不可少的。那么,如何寫好Essay開頭段?本文致遠教育小編為大家舉例分析。

essay開頭段

首先,我們應該打破常規,即“背景句+解釋扣題+立場闡述”這樣的硬性模式,再去尋求突破;其次,我們應該考慮,什么樣的方式更能吸引老師的注意。提倡使用排比句引領首段及全文,不僅能夠使考官明確接下來的正文段中會講到的論點,也能夠使老師感受到扎實的語言功底和語言使用的靈活性。

排比方式的首段對我們優先找到我們要寫的分論點是有很高要求的,因為排比句所引出的就是我們的分論點,但其形式、語言和使用的詞匯都與分論點不同。另外,能夠形成排比方式,就需要對題目當中的名詞進行定義和分類、或對題目進行分情況討論、或對于題目當中提到的關鍵抽象名詞進行具象化。

排比方式首段共有兩種形式:問句排比和陳述句排比。問句排比針對的題目中含有方式、辦法、對策等關鍵詞,或題目中隱含各類情況,而我們要針對的是特殊或分類的情況進行討論;陳述句排比可使用的頻率和范圍較大,主語可以是人群,也可以是使用倒裝句進行排比等等。排比句過后,引出主旨,這樣一個獨特的首段就完成了。

下面進行問句排比的解析:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Newspapers and magazines are the best ways to learn about a foreign country.

此題立場應選擇不同意,解題思路應為提出除newspapers and magazines的其他learn about a foreign country的方式,比如:從網上了解、找外國朋友了解、以及自己親身游歷了解等等。當我們找到了其他三種方式,而三個句子恰好是構成排比句的必要,這時我們就可以使用問句排比(由于題目本身是詢問“方式”的,符合問句排比的條件)。

問句排比的基礎句型是:Have you ever… ? 在填充內容時,需注意內容的充實完整性以及詞匯的多樣性。很多學生寫的句子大多都是單一的,如Have you ever visited other countries? 在這里,提醒大家,當我們把其他方式其他情況拆分來討論的同時,應該把題目當中含有的learn about a country中的動詞也按照我們所劃分的各種方式或情況進行一一對應一一具體化。將上文中學生寫的單一句子按照動詞的具體化擴充開,就變為:Have you ever traveled in another country, enjoying the dreamlike scenery and learning the people and culture there? 這個句子當中,增加了在另一國家旅游所能看到和學到的內容,正好對應題目當中的learn about a foreign country。

essay開頭段

我們按照上文中的主體段框架將這三個排比句補充完整:

Have you ever surfed the Internet, catching a glimpse of the latest news happening there and appreciating the pictures taken in another country? Have you ever made foreign friends, studying their daily routine and trying to blend in with them? Have you ever traveled in another country, enjoying the dreamlike scenery and learning the people and culture there? 

排比過后,我們需要給出主旨:這些都沒有做過,那怎么能說newspapers and magazines are the best ways to learn about a foreign country?

于是,我們將這道essay題目完整的首段寫出來:

Have you ever surfed the Internet, catching a glimpse of the latest news happening there and appreciating the pictures taken in another country? Have you ever made foreign friends, studying their daily routine and trying to blend in with them? Have you ever traveled in another country, enjoying the dreamlike scenery and learning the people and culture there? If you have never done these before, is it way too optimistic to say that newspapers and magazines are the best ways to learn about a foreign country?

這樣的首段寫出來,既能夠在首段給出明確的中心思想,并且能讓老師看出接下來要寫的內容是什么,同時還能夠用問句的形式加強整段的語氣,形式新穎,環環相扣,句句相連,事事具體。

下面,我們再看考試真題:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Patience is usually not a good strategy. We should take action now rather than later.

對這道題目進行分析,我們不難看出,這道題目要想有東西可寫,需要進行情況的劃分,即有些情況下patience很重要,有些情況下taking immediate actions比較重要。比如:當我們需要選擇專業的時候,耐心分析比盡早做決定要好;當我們需要選擇伴侶時,多一點時間相處比閃婚要好;當我們考試時,耐心檢查比及早交卷要好。反過來,如果要選擇take action now,我們可以想:當我們想學一項新技能的時候,盡早報名開始學習比拖到后期別人都會了的時候要好;當我們面對一項工作或學習任務時,盡快開始投入努力和時間去做比快到截止日期再做要好;當我們與他人競爭買房子的時候,看好就下手比再三考慮被別人搶先要好。

在思考過后,我們可以用問句排比來寫這道essay題目的首段:

(選擇patience) Have you ever regretted after a quick decision about the major when you lost all your interest or job opportunities in the university? Have you ever stuck in an unhealthy marriage after a hasty choice of the partner who is supposed to spend the whole life with you? Have you ever made numerous mistakes in a test after hurrying to submit the paper without checking the answers over and over again? If you have never encountered these situations, is it way too optimistic to say that taking action now is better than being patient?

(選擇take action now)Have you ever lost possible profits because of other competitors springing up after waiting for too long to start a new business? Have you ever missed the deadline after failing to take immediate action when having a working or learning task to finish? Have you ever regretted after thinking too much on whether to buy a house when others seized the opportunity and lived in the big house? If you have never encountered these situations before, is it way too optimistic to say that patience is a better strategy?

在這兩個例題之后,對于這種問句排比想必大家都沒有什么問題了??偨Y一下問句排比的框架,由have you ever done something開頭,內容上需要補充題目中可以根據情況拆分的動詞或是不同情況的描述;最后一句為If you have never done these before / If you have never encountered these situations before, is it way too optimistic to say that …? 來進行首段的結束。這樣一來,首段就顯得尤為新穎有趣了。

essay寫作

下面,我們來看一道寫作考題:

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: If you are selecting a leader for a student organization, honesty is the most important to consider in whom to vote for.

這道考題也是一道絕對詞類的題目,所以能夠運用我們在上文中講過的問句排比開頭模式。分析這道題目,考查的是一個學生組織的領導所應該具有的品質。除誠實守信之外,一個學生組織的領導人應該具有溝通能力,解決問題的能力以及良好的管理能力。換句話說,沒有溝通能力,組織里其他的學生有可能會形成小團體,從而對整個團隊造成負面的影響;沒有解決問題的能力,這個領導人就不會在出現問題的時候迅速分析問題并找到解決方法;沒有良好的管理能力,這個領導人就不會根據每個學生的特點安排合適的工作,或是在有工作的時候分配得當。

對于這個essay題目分析過后,首段問句排比的形式也就能夠一一對應寫出來了:

Have you ever found out that the members in the student organization are divided into groups, having prejudice against each other or distrusting each other? Have you ever discovered that once there is something wrong in the process of a student campaign, your leader has nothing to do but wait for others to give analyses and figure out solutions? Have you ever stuck in some tasks assigned by your leader that you are not proficient in and found others in the same condition, making the student activity a total mess? If you have never encountered all these situations before, is it way too optimistic to say that voting for someone who is honest is the best choice for a student organization?

通過以上三個真題的問句排比首段范例,我們不難看出,絕對詞類的考題最適合進行問句排比,能夠分情況討論的題目也可進行問句排比。問句排比的形式由三個Have you ever句型組成,注意在這三個排比句當中要體現出題目關鍵詞的具體化,需要根據每個不同的排比內容或情況改動或填充里面的具體動詞具體內容,不能用空洞的話語和詞匯敘述任意一種情況,這樣會顯得排比句沒有實質性內容。排比結束后,用最后一個問句“If you have never done these / encountered these situations before, is it way too optimistic to say that + topic改寫?”來順承排比,并引出整篇文章的中心思想。

這樣的首段寫作方式無疑是眾多相似的essay模版化文章中難得一見的獨特方式,通過這樣的首段,在滿足essay寫作對于首段寫作要求的同時,即闡明立場的同時,增加了可閱讀性、趣味性、獨特性,也讓老師對于學生們的寫作水平有一個正面的積極印象,從而使分數在眾多考生中脫穎而出。當然,只有有風格的首段還不夠,大家還需要在正文段當中用充實的內容、嚴密的邏輯以及地道的語言來抓住老師的心。

前面的文章我們也為大家整理了很多關于essay開頭段寫作技巧,這里分享給大家:

Essay開頭怎么寫?三種Essay開頭方法

Essay開頭怎么寫?Essay開頭寫作方法

Essay開頭Introduction怎么寫?

Essay開頭怎么寫?英文Essay怎么開頭?

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