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Essay寫作如何保持句式的多樣性?

發布時間:2020-12-11 14:32:57 閱讀:1587 作者:致遠教育 字數:2351 字 預計閱讀時間:7分鐘
導讀:保持Essay句式多樣性可以使Essay更具可讀性,本文主要介紹來自PurdueUniversityWritingLab的關于論文寫作的電子資源中“學術寫作”的第一部分第十節...

保持Essay句式多樣性可以使Essay更具可讀性,本文主要介紹來自Purdue University Writing Lab的關于論文寫作的電子資源中“學術寫作”的第一部分第十節 “句式的多樣性”。希望大家能夠通過閱讀本文內容學會今后在Essay寫作中保持句式多樣性,從而提高Essay分數。

Essay寫作如何保持句式的多樣性?

一、差異化策略

增加句子的多樣性可以賦予其生命力和節奏感。對于讀者而言,具有太多相同結構和長度的句子會使得文章變得單調。不同的句式和結構也可以減少重復并突出重點。此外,較長句子可以很好地兼容大量信息,而短句通??梢允龟P鍵信息更加突出。這些常規的方法將有助于增加相似句式的多樣性。

1.通過短句和長句交替來改變文章節奏感

相同長度的句子通常會使得文章變得單調。如果想把文章段落寫的生動,請使用不同長度的句子。這樣做也將使文章重點更加突出。

例子:The Winslow family visited Canada and Alaska last summer to find some Native American art. In Anchorage stores they found some excellent examples of soapstone carvings. But they couldn't find a dealer selling any of the woven wall hangings they wanted. They were very disappointed when they left Anchorage empty-handed.(翻譯:溫斯洛一家人去年夏天游覽了加拿大和阿拉斯加,發現了一些美洲原住民藝術品。在安克雷奇商店中,他們找到了一些極好的滑石雕刻。但是他們沒有找到他們想要的掛墻飾物。當他們空手離開安克雷奇時,他們感到非常失望。)

修訂:The Winslow family visited Canada and Alaska last summer to find some native American art, such as soapstone carvings and wall hangings. Anchorage stores had many soapstone items available. Still, they were disappointed to learn that wall hangings, which they had especially wanted, were difficult to find. Sadly, they left empty-handed.

例子:Many really good blues guitarists have all had the last name King. They have been named Freddie King and Albert King and B.B. King. The name King must make a bluesman a really good bluesman. The bluesmen named King have all been very talented and good guitar players. The claim that a name can make a guitarist good may not be that far-fetched.  (翻譯:許多非常出色的布魯斯吉他手都姓金。他們通常以弗雷德·金、艾伯特·金和B.B.金命名。冠以金姓必定讓一個的布魯斯藝人成為一個非常優秀的布魯斯藝人。以金為姓的布魯斯藝人們都非常有才華,并且是出色的吉他手。因此,一個名字可以使吉他手變得更好的說法可能并不那么牽強。)

修訂:What makes a good bluesman? Maybe, just maybe, it's all in a stately name. B.B. King. Freddie King. Albert King. It's no coincidence that they're the royalty of their genre. When their fingers dance like court jesters, their guitars gleam like scepters, and their voices bellow like regal trumpets, they seem almost like nobility. Hearing their music is like walking into the throne room. They really are kings.

2.變化句子開頭

如果太多的句子都以同一個詞開頭,尤其是“The、It、This或I”,那么文章可能會使讀者感到乏味,因此更改開頭的單詞和短語可能會令人耳目一新。下面以一個句子作為例子,并列出了可以替換的開頭。請注意,不同的開頭不僅可以改變句子的結構,也可以改變句子強調的重點。他們可能還需要在此句子之前或之后進行改寫,這意味著更改可能導致句子種類變得豐富。

例子:The biggest coincidence that day happened when David and I ended up sitting next to each other at the Super Bowl.(翻譯:那天最大的巧合是我和大衛在超級碗比賽上的座位挨在一起。)

修改的可能性如下(引用英文原句便于讀者理解):

01.Coincidentally, David and I ended up sitting right next to each other at the Super Bowl.

02.In an amazing coincidence, David and I ended up sitting next to each other at the Super Bowl.

03.Sitting next to David at the Super Bowl was a tremendous coincidence.

04.But the biggest coincidence that day happened when David and I ended up sitting next to each other at the Super Bowl.

05.When I sat down at the Super Bowl, I realized that, by sheer coincidence, I was directly next to David.

06.By sheer coincidence, I ended up sitting directly next to David at the Super Bowl.

07.With over 50,000 fans at the Super Bowl, it took an incredible coincidence for me to end up sitting right next to David.

08.What are the odds that I would have ended up sitting right next to David at the Super Bowl?

09.David and I, without any prior planning, ended up sitting right next to each other at the Super Bowl.

10.Without any prior planning, David and I ended up sitting right next to each other at the Super Bowl.

11.At the crowded Super Bowl, packed with 50,000 screaming fans, David and I ended up sitting right next to each other by sheer coincidence.

12.Though I hadn't made any advance arrangements with David, we ended up sitting right next to each other at the Super Bowl.

13.Many amazing coincidences occurred that day, but nothing topped sitting right next to David at the Super Bowl.

14.Unbelievable, I know, but David and I ended up sitting right next to each other at the Super Bowl.

15.Guided by some bizarre coincidence, David and I ended up sitting right next to each other at the Super Bowl. 

二、句子類型

從結構上講,英語句子可以分為四種不同的形式,盡管每種形式都有多變的結構。此分類是基于句子包含的獨立從句和從屬從句的數量。獨立從句是獨立形成完整的句子,而從屬從句需要另一個從句來構成完整的句子。通過學習這些句子形式,作者可以為句子增加復雜性和變化性。

簡單句

只具有一個獨立從句而不含其他從屬從句。

?My aunt enjoyed taking the hayride with you.(翻譯:我的姨媽喜歡和你一起乘坐(由馬或拖拉機拉的)干草車出游。)

?China's Han Dynasty marked an official recognition of Confucianism.(翻譯:中國的漢朝標志著對儒學地位的官方認可。)

復合句

具有多個獨立從句但沒有從屬從句。

?The clown frightened the little girl, and she ran off screaming.  (翻譯:小女孩被小丑嚇壞了,然后她尖叫著跑了出去。)

?The Freedom Riders departed on May 4, 1961, and they were determined to travel through many southern states.(翻譯:自由騎士于1961年5月4日出發,他們決定穿越許多的南部州。)

復雜句

具有一個獨立從句和至少一個從屬從句。

?After Mary added up all the sales, she discovered that the lemonade stand was 32 cents short.(翻譯:瑪麗將所有銷售額加起來后,發現檸檬水攤位少了32美分。)

?While all of his paintings are fascinating, Hieronymus Bosch's triptychs, full of mayhem and madness, are the real highlight of his art.(翻譯:盡管他的所有畫作都令人著迷,但希羅尼繆斯·博世三幅一聯的畫作充滿了混亂和瘋狂,這是他藝術的真正的高光。)

復雜復合句

具有多個獨立從句和至少一個從屬從句。

?Catch-22 is widely regarded as Joseph Heller's best novel, and because Heller served in World War II, which the novel satirizes, the zany but savage wit of the novel packs an extra punch.(翻譯:約瑟夫·海勒的《Catch-22》被廣泛認為是他最好的小說,而且由于海勒曾在第二次世界大戰中服役,因此小說的諷刺、古怪而野蠻的智慧帶來了額外的動力。)

Essay寫作

三、對于簡短且不連貫的句子

如果您的Essay寫作中包含較多簡短的句子,使句子顯得不連貫,請考慮使用以下技巧。

1).用連接詞組合句子

用連接詞連接完整的句子、從句和短語:and, but, or, nor, yet, for, so...

示例:Doonesbury cartoons satirize contemporary politics. Readers don't always find this funny. They demand that newspapers not carry the strip.(翻譯:杜恩斯伯里漫畫諷刺了當代政治。讀者并不總是覺得這很有趣。他們要求報紙不要附帶它。)

修訂:Doonesbury cartoons laugh at contemporary politicians, but readers don't always find this funny and demand that newspapers not carry the strip.

2).通過從屬關系連接句子

將兩個相關的句子相互連接,以使得其中一個包含主要思想,而另一個不再是完整的句子(從屬關系)。使用下面列出的連接詞來表明邏輯關系。

after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, if, if only, rather than, since, that, though, unless, until, when, where, whereas, wherever, whether, which, while...

示例:The campus parking problem is getting worse. The university is not building any new garages.(翻譯:校園停車問題正變得越來越嚴重。該大學沒有建造任何新的車庫。)

修訂:The campus parking problem is getting worse because the university is not building any new garages.

示例:The US has been highly dependent on foreign oil for many years. Alternate sources of energy are only now being sought.(翻譯:美國多年來一直高度依賴外國石油?,F在僅在尋找替代能源。)

修訂:Although the US has been highly dependent on foreign oil for many years, alternate sources are only now being sought.

請注意,在這些示例中,從屬標記(連接詞)開頭句子的位置是靈活的。這種靈活性可用于在段落寫作過程中創造不同文章的節奏模式。

以上便是讓Essay句式更加多樣性的三種方法,大家學會了嗎?如果在國外留學遇到Essay寫作難題,歡迎選擇BayDue論文網Essay代寫服務,原創保證,通過保障,歡迎咨詢。

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