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Commentary怎么寫?

發布時間:2021-01-04 13:40:41 閱讀:4681 作者:致遠教育 字數:2270 字 預計閱讀時間:7分鐘
導讀:當教授給出一個assignment要求你寫作一篇關于文學、關于電影、關于戲劇的commentary時,你知道怎么寫嗎?相信很多同學根本不知道commentary是什么,那么作為專業代寫機構,本文致遠教育小編就為大家解析commentary寫作方法。

當教授給出一個assignment要求你寫作一篇關于文學、關于電影、關于戲劇的commentary時,你知道怎么寫嗎?相信很多同學根本不知道commentary是什么,那么作為專業代寫機構,本文致遠教育小編就為大家解析commentary寫作方法。

Commentary怎么寫?

可能大家會將summary和commentary混淆,下面致遠小編先解釋一下論文中事件總結(summary)和事件評論(commentary)的區別,并向大家展示如何利用 commentary 和 summary 相結合使文章看起來更美好。

commentary和summary之間的區別

你需要了解Summary和Commentary之前的區別,主要有三個方面:

> Summary是簡單總結介紹事情(事件)的要點

> Commentary是一系列的解釋和說明

> Summary主要停留在表面

> Commentary是挖掘寫作對象深層次的東西

> Summary主要是已有內容的提煉和重復

> Commentary是原創的內容

Summary只有一種特征,也只有這種形式:你閱讀或者觀看一個作品,然后提煉和重復寫下這個作品是關于什么的。

下面是一個現實生活中Summary和Commentary的例子。

在生活中,你看到的電影描述或者某本書封底的一些文字就是Summary。比如《教父II》在IMDb的電影描述:

《教父II》在IMDb的電影描述

而你日??吹降臅u或者影評就屬于Commentary,比如下面這個來自Rotten Tomatoes的評論:

Commentary示例

對于《教父II》的Summary和Commentary的主要區別就是Summary只包括電影的摘要而沒有對電影的意見和評價。但在Rotten Tomatoes的影評中包含了對電影的詳細評價和評分。

Summary和Commentary范文

在了解了Summary和Commentary的情況下,我們現在來用例子做一個示范。我從一部電影 Shaun of the Dead 中選取一個場景分別進行 summary和commentary。因為我們現在需要用這部恐怖喜劇片作為示例,如果你沒有看過這部電影,可能你需要先觀看一遍這部電影,當然,我保證,這個電影很好看。

與此同時,為了這次的示范,我們可以通過 Youtube 再溫習一遍上面所說的,我這次需要進行評論的這部電影中的那部分場景.

首先,看一下我是如果對這一幕場景進行總結的,以下是這幕場景的Summary范文

In this scene from the 2004 movie Shaun of the Dead, Shaun (played by Simon Pegg) wakes up with a hangover and walks to the convenience store to buy a soda and an ice cream. In his hungover condition, he does not notice anything that is going on around him. On his way to the store, he walks by what appears to be zombies roaming the street. There is mayhem all around him. A car window is smashed and the alarm is blaring, a person is running for his life away from zombies, there are bloody handprints on the cooler, and the convenience store clerk is missing. On his way home, Shaun passes even more zombies, including one who he mistakes for a homeless person. When the zombie approaches him, Shaun says, “No, I don’t have any change. I didn’t even have enough for the shop.” He makes it home safely and turns on the TV, ignoring the news reports about the zombie invasion.

上面這段Summary可以說完美的總結了這一幕場景,它無法提供額外的信息,小編總結了這個電影片段,復述了電影中發生了什么事情,我沒有討論我對這個電影的任何評價或者對它表現出任何興趣或者厭惡。

當你的教授要求你提供一個影評作業時,他并不是希望你提供一個詳細的 Summary 回顧整個電影的事件,即使像上面那樣完美的 Summary也是不行的。Summary只是一個回顧,并不代表你的思想,教授要的是你的思想。

事實上,你對事件的背景進行簡要的 summary,可以為你的影評和評論提供全文背景,上面的 Summary 就可以作為我們評論的事件背景。

而在現實寫作中,我們在寫作影評講述自己的觀點和評論的同時,可以穿插著完成 Summary這件事,或者說,你在寫作Summary的同時,可以穿插著完成Commentary,從而完成整篇文章?,F在我們就來開始完成這項工作。

1. 一個明確的觀點 (Opinion)

首先,我可以在我的summary中插入一條我的觀點主張,作用在于強調我的意見傾向,并幫助讀者跟隨我的整體思路閱讀文章。

In this clever and satirical scene from the 2004 movie Shaun of the Dead, Shaun (played by Simon Pegg) wakes up with a hangover and walks to the convenience store to buy a soda and an ice cream.

2. 一段簡要的說明 (Interpretation)

接下來,我會向的summary中插入一小段解釋性的說明:

In his hungover condition, he does not notice anything that is going on around him. This provides insight on how Shaun, like many of us, lives his day-to-day life, almost as a zombie himself, just going through the motions without noticing the world in which he lives.

3. 些許的獨特見解 (Insight)

再下來,插入一些個人見解:

On his way to the store, he walks by what appears to be zombies roaming the street. There is mayhem all around him, but this mayhem isn’t a far cry from Shaun’s daily reality. A car window is smashed and the alarm is blaring. Today it is from a zombie, but on a normal day, a regular thief could have smashed it. A person is running for his life away from zombies, but on a normal day, it could be a person running to catch the bus.

4. 恰當的個人反應 (Personal Reaction)

另外,再向summary中插入一些我的個人反應:

There are bloody handprints on the cooler, and the convenience store clerk is missing, which, along with the creepy music soundtrack, gives a sense of impending doom as the viewer watches Shaun obliviously bumble along.

5. 準確的意見評價 (Evaluation)

最后,在 summary中插入我自己的個人評價和更多的意見見解:

On his way home, Shaun passes even more zombies, including one who he mistakes for a homeless person. When the zombie approaches him, Shaun says, “No, I don’t have any change. I didn’t even have enough for the shop.” Incidents like these make this film the perfect satirical comedy about what it means to be alive in the 21st century. This is emphasized again when Shaun makes it home safely and turns on the TV, ignoring the news reports about the zombies. This brilliant satire points to the sad fact that a typical person’s life is already so horrible that a zombie apocalypse wouldn’t even mark a change for the worse.

commentary范文

最終,我們得到了一篇 Shaun of the Dead 某一幕場景的commentary范文,如下:

In this clever and satirical scene from the 2004 movie Shaun of the Dead, Shaun (played by Simon Pegg) wakes up with a hangover and walks to the convenience store to buy a soda and an ice cream.

In his hungover condition, he does not notice anything that is going on around him. This provides insight on how Shaun, like many of us, lives his day-to-day life, almost as a zombie himself, just going through the motions without noticing the world in which he lives.

On his way to the store, he walks by what appears to be zombies roaming the street. There is mayhem all around him, but this mayhem isn’t a far cry from Shaun’s daily reality. A car window is smashed and the alarm is blaring. Today it is from a zombie, but on a normal day, a regular thief could have smashed it. A person is running for his life away from zombies, but on a normal day, it could be a person running to catch the bus.

There are bloody handprints on the cooler, and the convenience store clerk is missing, which, along with the creepy music soundtrack, gives a sense of impending doom as the viewer watches Shaun obliviously bumble along.

On his way home, Shaun passes even more zombies, including one who he mistakes for a homeless person. When the zombie approaches him, Shaun says, “No, I don’t have any change. I didn’t even have enough for the shop.” Incidents like these make this film the perfect satirical comedy about what it means to be alive in the 21st century. This is emphasized again when Shaun makes it home safely and turns on the TV, ignoring the news reports about the zombies. This brilliant satire points to the sad fact that a typical person’s life is already so horrible that a zombie apocalypse wouldn’t even mark a change for the worse.

其他需要考慮的寫作規則

從上面你已經看到在現實中的commentary寫作,下面,我要指出一些同樣重要的規則,來幫助你更好的寫作論文。

規則1: 避免主觀的短語

即使在寫作中的內容是個人見解和意見,但也需要在其中避免使用主觀的語句,比如:“I hope”,“I believe”,或者“I think”等短語語句。這些口語化短語會使你的文章繁瑣冗余(因為很明顯,你寫一篇essay的目的就是表達你所想),并且會在一定程度上降低你的可信度。

規則2: 保持 Commentary和Summary比例 2:1

在一般情況下,你應該提供兩倍于背景事實描述的評論和意見。雖summary對于呈現讀者背景知識很重要,但 commentary是寫好一篇優秀essay的關鍵所在。

規則3: 依照教授的規則寫作

在實際寫作中,有時教授可能只希望你對某件事情給出意見觀點;另一些時候,教授可能只希望你提供你對某件事的洞察和解釋;還有一些時候,教授可能給你更多的自由空間進行獨立寫作。無論教授給出何種寫作指導和要求,需要記住的是,嚴格按照教授的作業規則寫作是最重要的。

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