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Reflective Writing是什么?Reflective Writing怎么寫?

發布時間:2021-03-20 16:41:55 閱讀:7063 作者:致遠教育 字數:1639 字 預計閱讀時間:5分鐘
導讀:ReflectiveWriting也是留學生常見的作業類型之一,也就是反思寫作。那么ReflectiveWriting是什么?ReflectiveWriting怎么寫?本文致遠教育小編為大家分享ReflectiveWriting寫作定義以及寫作方法,最后也為大家附上范文。

Reflective Writing也是留學生常見的作業類型之一,也就是反思寫作。那么Reflective Writing是什么?Reflective Writing怎么寫?本文致遠教育小編為大家分享Reflective Writing寫作定義以及寫作方法,最后也為大家附上范文。

Reflective Writing是什么

Reflective Writing是什么?

What is reflection, and why is it important?

什么是反思,為什么它很重要?

Reflection is a purposeful activity in which you analyse experiences, or your own practice/skills/responses, in order to learn and improve.

反思是一種有目的的活動,在這種活動中,你分析經驗或者你自己的實踐/技能/反應,以便學習和提高。

Reflection in academia學術反思

We reflect quite naturally in our day to day lives, thinking about things that have happened, why they happened, whether we handled them well. In academia, you may be asked to formalise your reflections to show that learning is taking place.

我們在日常生活中很自然地反思,思考已經發生的事情,為什么會發生,我們是否處理得當。在學術界,你可能會被要求把你的反思正式化,以表明學習是一種習慣This may involve:

Reflecting on your own professional or academic practice

Scrutinising an experience and the way you dealt with it

Evaluating a project or experiment and considering how to do it better next time

Reflecting on things you have read and linking theory with practice/reality

這可能會涉及:

反思自己的專業或學術實踐

仔細審視你的經歷和處理方式

評估一個項目或實驗,并考慮下次如何做得更好

反思你讀過的東西,并將理論與實踐/現實聯系起來

‘It is not sufficient to have an experience in order to learn. Without reflecting on this experience it may quickly be forgotten, or its learning potential lost.’ (Gibbs, 1988, p9)

Models of reflection反思模型

There are frameworks that you can use to aid your reflective process. Alternatively, you may want to create your own. It needs to be a set of questions that you can ask yourself about an experience, plus a process by which you apply and learn from your reflection. Here are just two examples of models of reflection:

這里有一些你可以使用來幫你進行反思過程的框架?;蛘?,你也可以建立屬于自己的框架??蚣苄枰幸幌盗嘘P于你自身經歷的問題,同時附加上一個你從反思中應用和學習的過程。以下是兩個反思模型的示例:

Models of reflection反思模型一

Models of reflection反思模型二

Reflective Writing怎么寫?

Reflective writing for an assignment如何寫一篇反思性的論文作業

Writing reflectively for the purposes of an assignment should not involve merely describing something that happened. Nor does it mean pouring out everything you think and feel in a totally unstructured way. Reflective writing requires a clear line of thought, use of evidence or examples to illustrate your reflections, and an analytical approach.

以反思性寫作為目標的論文作業不應該僅僅涉及描述發生的事情。這也不意味著以一種完全無組織的方式傾吐你的所思所感。反思式寫作需要清晰的思路,使用證據或例子來說明你的思考,以及分析的方法。

You are aiming to strike a balance between your personal perspective, and the requirements of good academic practice and rigorous thinking. This means:

developing a perspective, or line of reasoning

demonstrating that you are well informed, have read relevant literature and reflected on its relevance to your own development

showing that you recognise that situations are rarely simple and clear-cut

writing about the link between your experiences/practice and your reading

writing in an appropriate style.

你需要尋求在個人觀點與良好學術實踐和嚴謹思考的要求之間取得平衡。這意味著:

形成一種觀點或推理路線

展示出你知識淵博,閱讀過相關文獻,并對其與自身發展的相關性進行了思考

表明你認識到情況很少是簡單明了的

寫下你的經歷/實踐與閱讀之間的聯系

以適當的風格寫作

Reflective Writing寫作范文

As an example, consider the extract below, which is from a nursing student’s reflective essay. Consider how the writer develops a line of reasoning based on their own thoughts and experiences, and then links it to wider reading.

作為一個示例,請考慮下面的摘錄,這是從一個護士專業學生的反思性文章??紤]一下作者是如何根據自己的想法和經驗發展出一系列的推理,然后將其與更廣泛的閱讀聯系起來的。

Please remember: different disciplines have different requirements and styles. This is an example of just one approach.

請記住:不同的學科有不同的要求和風格。這只是其中一種方法的一個例子。

Example Extract

During term one I found myself inwardly questioning the reliability and validity of scientific journals, as I came across conflicting studies and contradictory data in our weekly research and feedback sessions.

I was surprised at how other members of the group appeared to automatically trust the content of peer-reviewed journals and I sometimes felt that what was presented back to the group was accepted as factual as long as there was a reference attached.

This prompted me to read into what I now realise is referred to as publication bias and has been widely documented in recent years.

For example, Dawes (2005) argues that, although reputable journals adopt a robust peer review process, articles still get published with significant flaws:

‘Journals have to publish to survive and they want to publish articles that deal with topical important issues of the day. Sometimes this imperative overrides the critical review process.’ (Dawes 2005:6)

Furthermore, Brooks (1997:46) highlights the fact that statistical significance increases the likelihood of a researcher’s work being published, which might tempt some researchers to tamper with the data.

I did not want to appear cynical to the rest of the group and kept these concerns to myself, which on reflection I perhaps could have volunteered for discussion. Instead I felt that in order to construct an accurate care plan at the end of each scenario I had to adopt a more robust approach in selecting appropriate journal texts.

After these realisations, I found it more helpful to employ the use of meta-analyses and systematic reviews for assessing research. I found that using systematic reviews saved time searching through numerous journals, and I found the Cochrane Library a useful electronic information source.

 Conclusion 

Reflection is a useful process even if you have not been set a specific reflective assignment. It helps you to make sense of and learn from your experiences.

Many degrees involve assessed reflective writing. This is to allow you to demonstrate that you can think critically about your own skills or practice,in order to improve and learn. It is important to analyse rather than just describe the things you are reflecting on, and to emphasise how you will apply what you have learned.

結語

即使你沒有被指定一個特定的反思寫作作業,反思也是一個有用的過程。它幫助你理解你的經歷并從中學習。許多學位涉及評估反思性寫作。這是為了讓你證明你可以批判性地思考自己的技能或實踐,以提高和學習。重要的是要分析,而不僅僅是描述你正在反思的事情,并強調你將如何應用你所學到的東西。

相關閱讀:

Reflective Essay怎么寫?

Self-Reflective Report怎么寫?

Reflective Essay寫作內容及類型

Reflective Journal作業怎么寫?

Reflective Journal寫作步驟技巧與范文解析

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