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留學PS開頭方式_留學申請PS開頭范文

發布時間:2021-09-02 16:25:43 閱讀:1051 作者:致遠教育 字數:2170 字 預計閱讀時間:7分鐘
導讀:首先,留學申請PS的開頭的關鍵性不用多說,一篇好的留學PS開頭一般是怎么樣的呢?第一,它能給全文奠定一個好的基調;第二,它能引起招生官的注意和閱讀興趣;第三,它能包含PS的main idea,讓招生官快速了解你的專業興趣和能力所在。

首先,留學申請PS的開頭的關鍵性不用多說,一篇好的留學PS開頭一般是怎么樣的呢?

第一,它能給全文奠定一個好的基調

第二,它能引起招生官的注意和閱讀興趣

第三,它能包含PS的main idea,讓招生官快速了解你的專業興趣和能力所在。

留學PS開頭方式

大多數的攻略文只是告訴你Do和Don’t,并沒具體的實例來讓你參考好的開頭和普通的開頭是什么樣的,本文就給大家精選不同類型留學PS開頭方式和案例范文,讓大家能夠一看究竟!

那么長話短說,我們來看看一般有哪幾種方式寫留學PS的開頭:

方式一:講一個自己的故事

一個故事能引人入勝,說明自己對本專業長遠且深入的興趣,并且能讓開頭充滿記憶點,是PS開頭的一個不錯的方式。

比如這位同學申請社工專業的同學,選擇從自己的童年經歷(單親家庭,母親酗酒)來講述自己對社工的passion的起源,她的第一段是這么寫的:

As An undergraduate I involved myself in a wide array of community service activities and even now I work 40 hours a week with abused and neglected children. This impulse to serve others and put myself in situations in which I feel I am making a difference likely stems from the very difficult circumstances of my childhood, which so influenced the woman I have become.

——摘自Telzer Richard J. 《How to Write a Winning Personal Statement for Graduate and Professional School》

但前提是——你有特別的經歷和故事來說明你對專業的興趣。若自己沒有特別的選擇專業的經歷,最好還是采用別的方式開頭,闡述該專業的價值和特質,把重點放在自己怎么怎么契合該專業上。

比如這篇申請EE博士同學的PS范文,雖然是從高中經歷講到本科經歷,在講到研究生經歷,層層遞進,雖然沒有特別的故事,但是邏輯確是清晰的。而他的開頭就是從高中學“數理化”開始講起:

My interest in science dates back to my years in high school, where I excelled in physics, chemistry, and math. When I was a senior, I took a first-year calculus course at a local college (such an advanced-level class was not available in high school) and earned an A. It seemed only logical that I pursue a career in electrical engineering.

——摘自Telzer Richard J. 《How to Write a Winning Personal Statement for Graduate and Professional School》(這本書同學們可以去查一查,很多大學都推薦,寫得非常好,豆瓣條目)

方式二:直接說出專業興趣領域和方向

在研究式master的PS或PhD的PS中,多數的開頭都會直接寫明細分內容的興趣和方向,以便招生官一眼判斷學生的申請文件應該給哪一個professor看。如果學校還要求提供SOP,那么PS的重點則可以放在為什么有如此的興趣和方向上,如果沒有SOP,那么PS就應該更強調興趣和方向的內容。

比如下面這位英語文學博士的PS的beginning part,就非常專業得體:

Having majored in literary studies (world literature) as an undergraduate, I would now like to concentrate on English and American literature.

I am especially interested in nineteenth-century literature, women's literature, Anglo-Saxon poetry, and folklore and folk literature. My personal literary projects have involved some combination of these subjects. For the oral section of my comprehensive exams, I specialized in nineteenth century novels by and about women. The relationship between "high" and folk literature became the subject for my honors essay, which examined Toni Morrison's use of classical, biblical, African, and Afro-American folk tradition in her novel. I plan to work further on this essay, treating Morrison's other novels and perhaps preparing a paper suitable for publication.

——摘自Telzer Richard J.

上面是比較直接且專業層面的內容,其實很多申授課類master會比較淺顯地提及對專業領域的現狀,興趣和洞見等。比如下面的這篇英國G5 law school學生的留學申請ps開頭;

In today's climate, an understanding of law is critical. The question of Scotland's independence and its legal repercussions; the European Treaty's effect on British law; the legitimacy of the war on terror and its effect on civil rights. There seems, to me, no more exciting a time to be studying law.

方式三:直接說明來意,學習或未來規劃:

開門見山的方式雖然比較常規,簡單,但是能馬上對你的文書進行定調,也讓招生官清楚的看到你的動機或意圖。比如下面這位MBA學生的開頭:

My decision to return to school now and earn my MBA degree stems rom my determination that I have specific needs that can best be met within the confines of graduate business curriculum. I need more specific general management skills, a greaater degree of expertise in data processing, and a broader knowledge of finance in order to progress in my career.

——摘自Telzer Richard J.

留學PS開頭范文

方式四:引用名人名言

很多同學可能會想引用名言引起招生官的注意,但是請明確該名言是非常特別,為中心服務的,而不是俗套的名言或者泛泛之論。下面是一個申請犯罪學課程的學生寫的ps開頭,quotation就用得很新穎得體:

"The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it." (Oscar Wilde) The role temptation plays within the context of the criminal psyche, is a matter which compels my inquisitive and analytical mind to gain a deeper knowledge and understanding.

看了這四種方式,大家應該知道怎么選擇最適合的方式寫開頭了,但是實際寫作的時候,開頭還是要遵循邏輯和敘述上的PS寫作通則。比如邏輯完整流暢,語言層次豐富,整體充滿細節和力度等。正如華盛頓大學的招生部長John Herweg所強調:“We are looking for a clear statement that indicates that the applicant can use the English language in a meaningful and effective fashion.”

因此沒有經驗的同學們在實際操作還是會存在一些或多或少的不足,接下來我們奉上一篇在我們致遠教育上使用文書修改服務的學霸同學的ps開頭,導師修改建議以及修改后的版本,大家可以相應地完整地看看ps的開頭從前到后,從粗糙到精美該注意哪些方面。

背景:學生本科是哈工大數學與應用數學專業,在海外從事金融工作三年,希望申請Gatech的計算機科學與技術碩士專業轉為Fintech方向。

以下為學生background essay第一段:

Being gifted with mathematics, I took part in many mathematical contests and won a lot of prizes in school, which made my parents and teachers proud of me. Without any hesitation, I chose Mathematics and Applied Mathematics as my major in college. Various mathematical courses made me feel the scope and profundity of mathematics. Out of my passion for my major, I started to solve some mathematical problems by programming.

導師點評:作為首段,交代了數學背景(參加很多競賽、贏了很多獎項)、本科專業,并說自己開始探索編程。深究下來,真正有意義的只有最后一句。首句中,many、a lot of等的使用,以及“我爸媽以我為驕傲”的表述,都大大降低的文章的書面度和專業性,對于比賽的內容、級別和地域范圍、競爭程度等也沒有給出具體的補充,總的來說文章力度不足,細節不夠。

建議是潤色語言的前提下,講一個自己的心得或與數學相關的一個經歷,分享數學最開始給自己留下的印象,或者最開始探索數學時自己的樣子,由此引出自己學術之路的延伸。

修改后的版本:

More academically inclined in mathematics than peers, I have long been mesmerized by its watertight rigor, profundity and order. After the IMO 1990 hosted in China, there was a lengthy upsurge of Mathematical Olympiad studies and, out of intensive curiosity in the subject, I was among the few who won domestic medals and was inspired to explore deeper thusly. In 2008 I matriculated at Harbin Institute of Technology, majoring in Mathematics and Applied Mathematics. On top of the systematic training, I started to solve mathematical problems by programming in real-life scenarios.

更換使用高級詞匯和結構,增加每個小句包含的信息量,使文意更加簡練、清晰、連貫。增加國內奧數熱的背景,營造生動的畫面感,細節上增加文章的可讀性和吸引力,而不再是干巴巴的敘述。

讀到這里,相信大家對于如何寫好一篇的開頭有了大致的了解。道理大家很容易明白,但實際寫,絕大部分同學都會遇到非常多的問題,甚至依然無法寫出一個像樣的開頭。

所謂“知易行難”,而在PS的“行”上,最好的解決辦法,就是just do it,但也要不惜余力地去通徹地修改自己的PS。

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