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英文摘要格式介紹及英文摘要模板范文參考

發布時間:2021-09-16 15:39:33 閱讀:1960 作者:致遠教育 字數:1264 字 預計閱讀時間:3分鐘
導讀:英文摘要是對英文論文的高度精煉和綜述,在250詞左右要突出文章重點,并簡要概覽文章結構,是讀者了解文章的“窗口”,也是學術論文呈現的“門面”,本文為大家介紹英文摘要格式以及英文摘要模板范文參考,希望能幫助大家學會這部分內容的寫作方法。

英文摘要是對英文論文的高度精煉和綜述,在250詞左右要突出文章重點,并簡要概覽文章結構,是讀者了解文章的“窗口”,也是學術論文呈現的“門面”,本文為大家介紹英文摘要格式以及英文摘要模板范文參考,希望能幫助大家學會這部分內容的寫作方法。

英文摘要格式

1.英文摘要格式

1.1 什么是摘要?

英文摘要是論文的高度精煉和綜述,方便讀者快速了解論文的主要內容,涵蓋主題、研究方法、結論等。論文摘要通常包含以下部分:

Introduction: 進行本項研究的背景和原因,當前研究有哪些缺失或者存在的不足;

  -Method:用什么方法做這個研究;

  -Data:用什么樣的數據來驗證你的方法;

  -Results:從研究中得出什么結論;

  -Implication:得出的結論對研究領域和實踐有什么意義(理論與實踐意義)

1.2 為什么要寫摘要?

如果把論文比作一款產品,那么摘要就是產品的“營銷”環節,它雖不會為產品添加新的成分,但確實文章引用率的關鍵。

Abstract研究摘要通常位于文章最前,這樣無論是導師還是讀者都能夠在展開正文部分的閱讀之前了解清楚你的研究內容。在學術數據庫中搜索一篇論文,除了標題之外Abstract摘要是閱讀此書最多的部分。作為讀者,決定是否精讀一篇論文,閱讀Abstract之后即可分曉。

1.3 摘要什么時候寫?

Abstract摘要長度較短(約250詞),所以很多同學選擇先寫摘要,Too Naïve! 論文最終的呈現和最初想法通常有一定差異,所以建議完成論文初稿之后再開始寫Abstract。一些會議要求Abstract投稿,建議先完成文章的結構搭建后再動筆寫摘要。

1.4 如何寫摘要?

寫作結構(總長度控制在6-8句)

①背景及現狀(1句話) 

②對象及主題(1-2句話) 

③研究問題(1句話)

④研究方法(1-2句話) 

⑤研究結論(1-2句話)

1.5 注意事項

避免使用強烈情感詞匯,比如nice, generous, optimistic 等,總體保持客觀、真實

第一次出現的專業詞匯使用全稱表達,避免使用縮寫

常識請省略,無需介紹

不要在Abstract中引用他人文獻

時態:一般現在時,一般過去時

英文摘要模板范文參考

2.英文摘要模板范文參考

下面為大家總結英文摘要寫作的常用句型,剖析Abstract Sample的寫作思路。

2.1 英文摘要寫作相關句型

通常,Abstract的長度在250詞左右,大約6-8句話,包括主旨Main Ideas、支持Supportive Contents、結論Conclusion三個方面的句。

主旨Main Ideas

  The paper presents...

  The paper aims to provide...

  The primary goal of this research is...

  The purpose of this study is...

  The intention of this paper is to survey...

支持Supportive Contents

  This paper investigates the ...

  The approach adopted extensively is called...

  This paper developed and implemented a method for...

  A qualitative research approach was adopted to obtain...

  For that purpose,the model of... was create.

  This paper describes a workflow that...

結論Conclusion

  Results have shown that...

  A set of experiments showed that the discovered...

  It is concluded that...

  The performance of our approach is evaluated using...

2.2 英文摘要范文參考

Norwegian environmental institutions face a crucial funding gap at the moment. (首句確定主題,介紹現狀) 

It is well-established that representations of individuals are more effective than vague concepts like climate change, minority rights, and other issues when drafting funding campaigns. (第二句介紹背景) 

The research paper aims to determine how such representations can be better specified in order to increase capital distribution. Specifically, it investigates whether the perceived social distance between individuals and potential distributors who have an impact on donation intention. (三四句介紹研究主體) 

In this context, social distance is defined as the extent to which people perceive they are in the same social group (in-group) or another social group (out-group) in relation to climate change or other issues. (第五句屬于Definition定義,當摘要中出現專業術語時,可以用一句話進行解釋說明)

To test the hypothesis that smaller social distance leads to higher donation intention, an online questionnaire was distributed to potential donors across Norway. (Hypothesis研究設想) 

Respondents were randomly divided into two situations (large and small social distance) and asked to respond to one of two sets of fundraising material. Responses were analysed using a two-sample V-test. (研究方法陳述) 

The results showed a small effect in the opposite direction than hypothesised: large social distance was linked with higher donation intention than small social distance. (簡要總結研究結果)

These results suggest that potential donors are more likely to respond to campaigns depicting victims that they perceive as socially distant from themselves. On this basis, the concept of social distance should be taken into account when structuring future environmental funding plans. (最后一個部分,展示結論。因為該研究屬于比較實用型的研究,所以最后一句提出了對于未來的建議。)

以上就是關于英文摘要寫作格式和英文摘要模板范文參考的全部內容,歡迎大家閱讀,如果與需要各類英文作業代寫服務,歡迎咨詢網站客服。

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2021-09-22 08:59匿名用戶
英文摘要模板寫挺好

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