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Essay寫作中如何正確應用介詞

發布時間:2021-10-27 16:11:02 閱讀:901 作者:yaya 字數:1786字 預計閱讀時間:6分鐘
導讀:相信很多留學生都知道在語法使用難度排行中,介詞可是排在前面的。別說留學生了,即使是學了多年英語的人也經常在介詞的使用上出錯。語言學上有個“負遷移”概念,它可以用來解釋為什么介詞難學的原因:作為母語為中文的學習者,我們的英語表達經常會受到漢語思維的影響,以至于產生錯用介詞的現...

相信很多留學生都知道在語法使用難度排行中,介詞可是排在前面的。別說留學生了,即使是學了多年英語的人也經常在介詞的使用上出錯。語言學上有個“負遷移”概念,它可以用來解釋為什么介詞難學的原因:作為母語為中文的學習者,我們的英語表達經常會受到漢語思維的影響,以至于產生錯用介詞的現象。下面致遠教育就給大家介紹一下在Essay寫作中如何正確應用介詞。

Essay寫作

在型號的目錄選用介詞

Using Adverbs in a Numbered List

在一切正常的寫作中,給超過3個,4個的物品型號是一個"愚昧的個人行為"。

假如超過這一數,你就需要用豎直的阿拉伯數型號了。

在表格中,不必應用介詞方式(-ly末尾),用序數詞如first,second等。

First(最先)(not firstly)副詞修飾的一部分不確立。

Second(次之)(not secondly)沒這一必需。

Third(第三)(not thirdly)超過“次之”的數量詞就逐漸聽上來蠢蠢的了。像這種意味著次序的介詞當做著分節符的用途。

Within the normal flow of text,it's nearly always a bad idea to number items beyond three or four,at the most.Anything beyond that,you're better off with a vertical list that uses numbers(1,2,3,etc.).Also,in such a list,don't use adverbs(with an-ly ending);use instead the uninflected ordinal number(first,second,third,fourth,fifth,etc.).First(not firstly),it's unclear what the adverb is modifying.Second(not secondly),it's unnecessary.Third(not thirdly),after you get beyond"secondly,"it starts to sound silly.Adverbs that number in this manner are treated as disjuncts(see below.)

我們可以省去的介詞

Adverbs We Can Do Without

備考“簡約“模塊,提議刪掉一些介詞來提高寫作的流暢性:例如very,extremely,really那樣的不具體提高一切現實意義和額外構造的提高詞。

Review the section on Being Concise for some advice on adverbs that we can eliminate to the benefit of our prose:intensifiers such as very,extremely,and really that don't intensify anything and expletive constructions("There are several books that address this issue.")

介詞的類型

Kinds of Adverbs

方式副詞

She moved slowly and spoke quietly.

地點副詞

She has lived on the island all her life.

She still lives there now.

頻率副詞

She takes the boat to the mainland every day.

She oftengoes by herself.

時間副詞

She tries to get back before dark.

It's starting to get dark now.

She finished her tea first.

She left early.

目地介詞

She drives her boat slowly to avoid hitting the rocks.

She shops in several stores to get the best buys.

副詞的位置

Positions of Adverbs

One of the hallmarks of adverbs is their ability to move around in a sentence.Adverbs of manner are particularly flexible in this regard.

介詞的在其中一個特性是她們能隨便在語句中更改部位的工作能力。方式副詞是在其中尤其靈便的介詞類型。

Solemnly the minister addressed her congregation.

The minister solemnly addressed her congregation.

The minister addressed her congregation solemnly.

The following adverbs of frequency appear in various points in these sentences:

下列的頻率副詞在語句中出現在不一樣的地區。

Before the main verb(在積極語以前):I never get up before nine o'clock.

Between the auxiliary verb and the main verb(在助動詞和積極詞中間):I have rarely written to my brother without a good reason.

Before the verb used to(在形容詞以前):I always used to see him at his summer home.

Indefinite adverbs of time can appear either before the verb or between the auxiliary and the main verb:

不確定時間副詞既能夠出現在形容詞前還可以在助動詞和積極詞中間

He finally showed up for batting practice.

She has recentlyretired.

介詞的次序

Order of Adverbs

There is a basic order in which adverbs will appear when there is more than one.It is similar to The Royal Order of Adjectives,but it is even more flexible.

當有好幾個介詞的情況下,有一個基礎的排列方法。和形容詞排序的鐵律相近,可是更為的靈便。

介詞的排列方法

大量有關介詞的次序

More Notes on Adverb Order

基礎的標準是無論內容是啥,短的副詞短語放到長的副詞短語以前。在下面這一語句中,一個時間副詞放到了頻率副詞以前應是它更短,也更簡易。

Dad takes a brisk walk before breakfast every day of his life.

第二個標準是:在一些簡易的副詞短語中(方式副詞,地點副詞,頻率副詞等),越實際的放的越前邊。

My grandmother was born in a sod house on the plains of northern Nebraska.

She promised to meet him for lunch next Tuesday.

把一個裝飾介詞放到語句的最前邊能夠重點強調哪個定語。這對方式副詞最有效。

Slowly,ever so carefully,Jesse filled the coffee cup up to the brim,even above the brim.

Occasionally,but only occasionally,one of these lemons will get by the inspectors.

As a general principle,shorter adverbial phrases precede longer adverbial phrases,regardless of content.In the following sentence,an adverb of time precedes an adverb of frequency because it is shorter(and simpler):

Dad takes a brisk walk before breakfast every day of his life.

A second principle:among similar adverbial phrases of kind(manner,place,frequency,etc.),the more specific adverbial phrase comes first:

My grandmother was born in a sod house on the plains of northern Nebraska.

She promised to meet him for lunch next Tuesday.

Bringing an adverbial modifier to the beginning of the sentence can place special emphasis on that modifier.This is particularly useful with adverbs of manner:

Slowly,ever so carefully,Jesse filled the coffee cup up to the brim,even above the brim.

Occasionally,but only occasionally,one of these lemons will get by the inspectors

不適度的介詞次序

Inappropriate Adverb Order

備考“弄錯部位的定語”章節目錄來推進副詞位置的定義。形容詞假如附在她們本不應該裝飾的詞便會搞混句意

They reported that Giuseppe Balle,a European rock star,had died on the six o'clock news.

實際上,假如把畫線一部分移到前邊,緊隨“they reported”或者句首就能防止模棱兩可,不許語句聽上來好像這男人在電視新聞節目中去世。

比較簡單的形容詞有時候也會弄錯部位,就好像只是和基本上:

She only grew to be four feet tall.

改為“She grew to be only four feet tall.”會更好。

Review the section on Misplaced Modifiers for some additional ideas on placement.Modifiers can sometimes attach themselves to and thus modify words that they ought not to modify.

They reported that Giuseppe Balle,a European rock star,had died on the six o'clock news.

Clearly,it would be better to move the underlined modifier to a position immediately after"they reported"or even to the beginning of the sentence—so the poor man doesn't die on television.

Misplacement can also occur with very simple modifiers,such as only and barely:

She only grew to be four feet tall.

It would be better if"She grew to be only four feet tall."

致遠教育堅信同學們在看了本文之后一定會如夢初醒,針對介詞的了解更為刻骨銘心了!之后在essay創作中應用起來是否也更游刃有余呢?如果你必須進行essay代寫,就請聯系我們致遠教育。致遠教育旗下高質量的寫手超出400名,大海龜本碩博占有50%之上,更有大量網絡寫手在火爆征募中。如果你想加入我們,也可以聯系客服了解一下哦。

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