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Critical Paper/Essay批判性寫作句式

發布時間:2021-11-02 14:02:59 閱讀:1086 作者:博遠教育 字數:1109 字 預計閱讀時間:3分鐘
導讀:要寫好學術性的文章(Paper/Essay), 應該對你使用的資料持批判性的態度。你需要對你所讀到的東西提出質疑,而不一定因為這些信息/觀點已經由學者發表出來就同意它。

要寫好學術性的文章(Paper/Essay), 應該對你使用的資料持批判性的態度。你需要對你所讀到的東西提出質疑,而不一定因為這些信息/觀點已經由學者發表出來就同意它。

批判性寫作

批判性意味著要找出我們不贊同某個觀點的原因,也要找出贊同它, 認為它是正確的或真實的原因。這可能需要你找出你支持或者否定的文章的作者的論點或方法,或者參考其他人對這些問題的批評。此外,好的文章需要包括提出建議,以及如何改進。

具體步驟包括:

• 找出之前研究的不足

• 找出某一個研究或者論文的不足或者缺陷

• 提出建設性的意見

• 引出問題或者局限性——理論或者觀點方面的

• 引出問題或者局限性---方法或者實踐方面的

• 用評判性的形容詞對研究做出評論或者反饋

•  引入某位作者的批判性觀點

• 對批判性觀點做出總結

下面我們分別來看看這些常用句式有哪些。

1.找出之前研究的不足:

Highlighting inadequacies of previous studies

具體的英文寫作句式包括:

• Previous studies of X have not dealt with…....

• Researchers have not treated X in much detail...

• Such expositions are unsatisfactory because they…...

• Most studies in the field of X have only focused on…...

• Such approaches, however, have failed to address…....

• Previous published studies are limited to local surveys.

2.找出某一個研究或者論文的不足或者缺陷

Identifying a weakness in a single study or paper

具體的英文寫作句式包括:

• XX fails to fully define what…

• XX fails to acknowledge the significance of…

• The author overlooks the fact that X contributes to why.

• What XX fails to do is to draw a distinction between…

• The paper would appear to be over-ambitious in its claims.

• another weakness is that we are given no explanation of how …

3.提出建設性的意見

Offering constructive suggestions

具體的英文寫作句式包括:

• The study would have been more interesting if it had included …

• These studies would have been more useful if they had focused on …

• The study would have been more relevant if the researchers had asked …

• The questionnaire would have been more useful if it had asked participants about …

• The research would have been more relevant if a wider range of X had been explored

4.引出問題或者局限性——理論或者觀點方面的

Introducing problems and limitations: theory | argument

具體的英文寫作句式包括:

理論

• The main weakness with this theory is that …

• The key problem with this explanation is that …

• However, this theory does not fully explain why …

觀點

• One criticism of much of the literature on X is that …

• However, there is an inconsistency with this argument.

• A serious weakness with this argument, however, is that …

• One question that needs to be asked, however, is whether …

5.引出問題或者局限性---方法或者實踐方面的

Introducing problems and limitations: method | practice

具體的英文寫作句式包括:

• One major drawback of this approach is that …

• Selection bias is another potential concern because …

• Perhaps the most serious disadvantage of this method is that …

• The main limitation of biosynthetic incorporation, however, is …

• Non-government agencies are also very critical of the new policies.

• All the studies reviewed so far, however, suffer from the fact that …

6.用評判性的形容詞對研究做出評論或者反饋

Using evaluative adjectives to comment on research

具體的英文寫作句式包括:

• In(her/their/this)(useful/timely/seminal/detailed/thorough/excellent/influential)study/survey(of XX), 

• YY shows that......

7.引入某位作者的批判性的觀點

introducing the critical stance of a particular writer

具體的英文寫作句式包括:

• XX (2003) has also questioned why …

• However, XX (2003) points out that …

• The author challenges the widely held view that …

• XX (1999) takes issue with the contention that …

• The idea that … was first challenged by XX(1992).

• XX is critical of the tendency to .......

• However, XX (1967) questioned this hypothesis and …

• XX(1980) broke with tradition by raising the question of …

• XX (2003) has challenged some of Smith’s conclusions, arguing that …

8.對批判性觀點進行總結

Introducing general criticism

具體的英文寫作句式包括:

• Critics question the ability of XX theory to provide …

• Non-government agencies are also very critical of the new policies.

• XX’s meta-analysis has been subjected to considerable criticism.

• The most important of these criticisms is that XX failed to note that …

• Introducing the critical stance of particular writers

• XX (2003) has also questioned why …

• However, XX (2003) points out that …

• The author challenges the widely held view that …

• XX (1999) takes issue with the contention that …

• The idea that … was first challenged by XX (1992).

以上就是批判性論文寫作的常用句式大全,希望對大家有用,如果需要各類essay代寫服務的同學們歡迎咨詢網站客服,我們博遠教育將為大家提供高質量原創代寫服務,價格有誠意、分數有保障、服務有質量。

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