當前位置:首頁 > 文章中心>Argumentative Essay定義_模型_結構_高分句型_范文

Argumentative Essay定義_模型_結構_高分句型_范文

發布時間:2021-11-09 14:44:44 閱讀:1275 作者:博遠教育 字數:2924 字 預計閱讀時間:7分鐘
導讀:ArgumentativeEssay也是留學論文寫作中至關重要的一環,但是很多同學不清楚ArgumentativeEssay怎么寫,那么本文博遠教育小編就位大家分享ArgumentativeEssay寫作技巧、範文及高分句型,幫助大家搞定這類Essay。

Argumentative Essay也是留學論文寫作中至關重要的一環,但是很多同學不清楚Argumentative Essay怎么寫,那么本文博遠教育小編就位大家分享Argumentative Essay寫作技巧、范文及高分句型,幫助大家搞定這類Essay。

1.Argumentative essay定義

Argumentative Essay也就是論證性論文,你需要在最大化了解論文內容的基礎上,運用大量的事實、數據等內容來對你的觀點或者看法進行論證。當然,它并不是論點、論據的簡單羅列,它試圖說服那些潛在的不同意見者。因此在一篇合格的Argumentative Essay中導師通常希望看到,你對所要表達觀點的堅定態度以及如何變換寫作技法以達到說服他人目的。

總結一下:Argumentative essay基本要求包括:

1)簡潔論點 (你的主張,你的個人態度);

2)論據恰當 (必須具有實際意義,與主題和你的論點相關);

3)具有邏輯性的論證。

2.Argumentative Essay模型

Argumentative essay其實有多種風格,比如說,我們可以先提出一個論點,然后以故事論述支撐本論點并對其進行是非分析。也可以從兩個不同論點對照開始,采用比較法對于對立的主張確定正確和錯誤,在結論部分歸納出自己的看法。不過對于剛開始接觸Argumentative essay寫作的新手們,推薦從三種主要模型開始練習:

2.1 Classical Argument

起源于亞里士多德辯證理論,本模型的目的是通過他人說服贏得辯論。為了證明自己觀點絕對的正確性,小伙伴需要按照下面六個Part進行寫作:

Part 1 引起讀者注意力!介紹人們關心的問題,為你的論點奠定基礎

Part 2 論述背景,為了解決這個問題應該知道哪些事實?

Part 3 闡述論點并指出下文將要講什么

Part 4 提供論據和論證

Part 5 試著從對方角度考慮,反駁對方論據,避免論點的過度主觀性

Part 6 對最重要的信息進行歸納,再次讓讀者接受你的論點

2.2 Rogerian Argument

美國心理學家Carl Rogers創造一種新辯證方式,即首先需要充分了解對方的觀點,然后才提出自己的。像第一種模型那樣,Rogerian Argument也必須包含幾個Part:

Part 1 介紹所需要解決的問題

Part 2 將對方觀點進行概括,盡量避免語言感情色彩,以此表示對另一方看法的尊重

Part 3 承認對方觀點的合理性,哪些對立看法的論據你會同意?

Part 4 清晰地提出自己的論點

Part 5 描述你所持觀點的情景,指出在哪種情況下你的觀點是正確的

Part 6 列出你觀點能帶來的益處,展示對方接受你的主張將會受益,這樣的寫作結尾充滿著希望和樂觀語氣

2.3 Toulmin argument

這種模型是英國哲學家Stephen Toulmin提出的,最適合學術寫作,論辯Part如下:

Part 1 論點:像我們平時寫的主旨句,表明觀點和立場

Part 2 論據:數據、常識和經驗觀察等

Part 3 保證:一種理論上的規則,確保論據能夠成立

Part 4 保證補充成分:補充成分和附加成分

Part 5 限定:限定主張成立的條件

Part 6 例外:指出反例

Argumentative Essay五大段結構

3.Argumentative Essay結構

除了上面三種模型,Argumentative Essay還有典型的五大段結構,即分為五大段落,其中包含三大部分:引言部分、論述主體部分及結論部分。這也是今天重點希望各位小伙伴們掌握的,這個結構非常容易上手,并能幫你們快速寫出高分論文來!

Part 1 引言部分

引言部分濃縮了全文精華,表明作者觀點和立場。如果處理得當,它能夠快速抓住讀者眼球,吸引讀者繼續閱讀。在寫作引言時,可以試著借助一件事實、一個主張、一句名言或個人經歷來吸引讀者目光。在引言段的結尾,要表明你的文章主題。采用從面到點的方式,即從一般性內容逐步引出你的觀點主張。

Part 2 主體部分

在此部分,你需要逐個陳述自己的論點。如果不是長篇論文的話,建議最好將論點限制在3個,最多4個。每一段落描述一個論點,并搜集羅列相關的論據做支撐。此外,一篇優秀的Argumentative Essay,通常還包含對相反論點的駁斥。主體部分的結構如下:

1、目的:證明論點

2、主題句:借助事實、細節、例子等,圍繞論點進行闡釋的句子

3、闡釋主題句:如需要,對主題句進行詳細說明

4、引入論據:簡明扼要的引入論據

5、詳述論據:列出案例、事實、數據或名言等可以用來支撐論點的證據

6、解釋論據:試著用1-3個句子,對論據進行詳細闡釋,幫助讀者更好的理解

7、結論句:結論句重申論點,并作為結尾句

此外,你也可以選擇,在每一段結尾處,一并闡述相反的觀點及證明。對此可以根據文章安排,靈活進行選擇。

Part 3 結論部分

這部分,無需重復上文的觀點和想法。但不能僅僅去重述引言部分的內容。如果結論與引言部分內容相同,這表明你沒有進行全面充分的批判性思考。在此部分,提到上文觀點時,你可以換一種描述方式進行表述。此外,你可以重申文中已提到的1-2個強有力的論點。至少,借助總結段來重申立場是一個不錯的選擇。 

如果有可能的話,在結論段,可以考慮引用一個支持文章論點的,有壓倒性的令人震驚的統計數據,以說服讀者,讓讀者沒有懷疑的余地。此外,你也可以通過提出疑問的方式邀請讀者進一步討論。

 Argumentative Essay必備高分句型

4.Argumentative Essay必備高分句型

4.1 引言部分高分句型:

Mottos are all around us, …encourages us to…, …suggests that we…, …motivates us to…

A rather common event of unknown…significance a common event resulting from…

This paper demonstrates the ability of…to perform robust and accurate

Detailed information has been acquired by the author about…

Evidence suggests that X is among the most important factors for…

…have emerged as powerful platforms for…

…has long been a question of great interest in a wide range of fields.

Since it was reported in…, … has been attracting a lot of interest.

4.2 主體部分高分句型:

To understand this issue,we first need to look at statistics.

The first reason is that…As …Studies have been done which support this and show …However…

The main challenge faced by many researchers is the…

…are one of the most rapidly declining groups of insects in…

Exposure to…has been shown to be related to adverse effects in…

Contrary to current cognitive theories, …

Previous published studies are limited to local surveys.

Half of the studies evaluated failed to specify whether…

This is the first study to undertake a longitudinal analysis of…

While a variety of definitions of the term…have been suggested, this paper will use the definition first suggested by… who saw it as …

The term…is a relatively new name for…, commonly referred to as…

4.3 結尾部分高分句型:

In conclusion…it is certainly beneficial for…

Based on these reasons it is clear that…

The thesis does not engage with…

A full discussion of…lies beyond the scope of this study.

The fourth section presents the findings of the research, focusing on the three key themes that…

The importance and originality of this study are that it explores…

It is hoped that this research will contribute to a deeper understanding of…

This study aims to contribute to this growing area of research by exploring…

最后,還想提醒大家幾點,當寫Argumentative Essay時,建議大家向讀者展示合理的、切中要害的論點。同時理清邏輯性的結論與情緒化的觀點之間的差別,避免使用情緒化的語言。

5.Argumentative Essay范文參考

Why do we still need public libraries in the digital age?

As online learning becomes more common and more and more resources are converted to digital form,some people have suggested that public libraries should be shutdown and, in their place, everyone should be given an i Pad with an e-reader subscription.

Proponents of this idea state that it will save local cities and towns money because libraries are expensive to maintain.They also believe it wil encourage more people to read because they won't have to travel to a library to get a book; they can simply click on what they want to read and read it from wherever they are.They could also access more materials because libraries won't have to buy physical copies of books; they can simply rent out as many digital copies as they need.

However, it would be a serious mistake to replace libraries with tablets.First, digital books and resources are associated with less learning and more problems than print resources.A study done on table tvs book reading found that people read 20-30% slower on tablets, retain 20%less information, and understand 10%less of what they read compared to people who read the same information in print.Additionally, staring too long at a screen has been shown to cause numerous health problems, including blurred vision, dizziness,dry eyes, headaches, and eyestrain, at much higher instances than reading print does.People who use tablets and mobile devices excessively also have a higher incidence of more serious health issues such as fibromyalgia, shoulder and backpain, carpal tunnel syndrome,and muscle strain.I know that whenever I read from my e-reader for too long, my eyes begin to feel tired and my neck hurts.We should not add to these problems by giving people, especially young people,more reasons to look at screens.

Second, it is incredibly narrow-minded to assume that the only service libraries offer is book lending.Libraries have a multitude of benefits, and many are only available if the library has a physical location.Some of these benefits include acting as a quiet study space, giving people away to converse with their neighbors, holding classes on a variety of topics, providing jobs, answering patron questions, and keeping the community connected.One neighborhood found that, after a local library instituted community events such as play times for toddlers and parents, job fairs for teenagers, and meeting spaces for senior citizens, over a third of residents reported feeling more connected to their community.Similarly, a Pew survey conducted in 2015 found that nearly two-thirds of American adults feel that closing their local library would have a major impact on their community.People see libraries as away to connect with others and get their questions answered, benefits tablets can't offer nearly as well or as easily.

While replacing libraries with tablets may seem like a simple solution,it would encourage people to spend even more time looking at digital screens, despite the myriad issues surrounding them.It would also end access to many of the benefits of libraries that people have come to relyon.In many areas, libraries are such an important part of the community network that they could never be replaced by a simple object.

上面這篇議論文范文的作者使用了我們上面說的第三種Toulmin模式的argumentative essay格式。本文探討的話題是網絡與電子版能否代替圖書館。首先,作者解釋了為什么有些人覺得電子資源可以代替圖書館,換言之,提出了反方觀點(counter-argument)。而后在論文的第三段首句介紹自己的觀點:以電子書替代圖書館是一個很大的錯誤。在論文第三段和第四段中,作者針對這一觀點人們可能存在的質疑進行了反駁。在此同時,他使用合適的理由、數據和事實對自己的論點進行了系統的說明,從而對自己觀點的正確性進行了證明。論文的總結部分在最后一段,再次對觀點進行了強調同時又對文章進行了總結與概括。

以上就是本篇關于argumentative essay寫作內容,希望對大家有所幫助。歡迎有需要argumentative essay代寫的同學們選擇博遠教育為您服務,12年老品牌,數百位海內外碩博精英寫手,熟知各類essay格式,確保為大家寫出高質量原創essay文稿,價格有誠意、分數有保障、服務有質量,歡迎咨詢。

最新評論

評論內容:

驗證碼:
驗證碼

911国产在线观看无码专区