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目的陳述(Statement of Purpose)寫作結構及范文解析

發布時間:2021-12-03 14:52:16 閱讀:827 作者:博遠教育 字數:4127 字 預計閱讀時間:10分鐘
導讀:在申請研究生院入學時,申請人需要準備很多文件,其中包括推薦信和簡歷。然而,申請材料中最重要的部分是目的陳述(Statement of Purpose)。本文為大家介紹目的陳述(Statement of Purpose)寫作結構及范文解析。

在申請研究生院入學時,申請人需要準備很多文件,其中包括推薦信和簡歷。然而,申請材料中最重要的部分是目的陳述(Statement of Purpose)。本文為大家介紹目的陳述(Statement of Purpose)寫作結構及范文解析。

Statement of Purpose寫作

1.目的陳述(Statement of Purpose)寫作結構

強有力的目的陳述的最重要特征之一是良好的結構。清晰有序的結構布局既能便于讀者理解,也能抓住讀者的興趣。

一般來講,研究生目的陳述雖然比本科陳述更加復雜,但是可以遵循大學本科入學申請陳述的格式。

1.1 引言——陳述目標并介紹自己

目的陳述的引言部分應該清楚簡明地解釋申請人希望通過完成學業來實現什么目標。例如,對于歷史專業的學生來講,他們的目標可能是獲得博士學位,使得畢業后能夠在一家主流非盈利機構或博物館擔任歷史學家職位。而對于化學專業的學生來講,學習目標可能是畢業后在研究型大學從事博士后研究,并希望以后成為一名教授。另外,有些申請人可能希望在畢業后進入私營企業工作。對于任何專業領域,都需要在引言部分介紹專業經歷、學術經歷、實習經歷或工作經歷,以及職業目標。

寫好引言的技巧

  -抓住讀者的注意力。引言是申請人留給讀者(招生人員)的第一印象。

  -把第一句話寫得引人注目??紤]用軼事、典故引用或扣人心弦的故事開頭。

  -預先鋪墊。引言的后半部分應簡短地對目的陳述的其他部分進行預先鋪墊。

1.2 正文:學術背景和職業經歷

在正文的第一部分,必須詳細介紹學術背景和職業經歷,以及完成的項目、工作成就和學習經驗的例子,以支持自己是一名合格申請人的論點。

首先簡要介紹大學本科的學習經歷和學習成績。然后,介紹課外活動、專業經歷和職業成就。作為研究生院入學申請人,專業背景和職業經歷自然比大學本科入學申請人豐富很多。這些經歷能夠幫助申請人脫穎而出。

學習經歷和成績是需要或可以強調的??梢躁愂鋈绾斡行Ю么髮W的資源,以及是否曾經與教授們建立過良好的師生關系——這些都是博士生導師特別關注的素質。

在正文的這一部分,需要使用具體事例來支持論點。

撰寫學術經歷、職業經驗和學業目標的技巧

  -展示對招生項目感興趣。陳述申請人為什么對這個研究生入學項目感興趣。

  -明確學習目標。作為研究生,申請人要進入的是科研環境。那么,需要陳述希望實現哪些切實可行的科研目標。

  -明確職業和專業目標。陳述申請人在研究生畢業后準備做什么工作,包括在學術界或工業界的職業發展目標。

  -評價自己的優點和缺點。描述自己的優缺點是為什么形成的,以及如何形成的。以自省精神展示申請人是如何用自己的行為和個性影響別人的。協作精神和公平公正原則是非常重要的入學申請評選考慮因素。

  -用文章的論述形式來陳述,不要寫成條目式簡歷。需要將成就和經歷融入到引人入勝的敘述中去,而不要寫成一條條流水賬一樣的簡歷條目。

  -使用例子說明和支持。使用具有說服力的例子充實敘述,越具體越好。例如,如果申請統計學招生項目,可以描述你在和爺爺玩撲克游戲時對于加權期望值茅塞頓開的那一刻。

1.3 正文:陳述為什么你是完美的入學候選者

在招生委員會考慮錄取時,申請人的目標和興趣必須與學校的使命和價值觀相一致。一個常見的比較好的寫法是突出介紹你對系里幾位教授的了解程度,這樣可以體現出你認真研究過情況。另外,還可以敘述展示你所欽佩的杰出校友的成就。

申請人可以利用正文的這一部分撰寫令人印象深刻的陳述理由,創造性展示對學校和系的深入了解,并把這種認知與自己的學業目標緊密聯系起來。

撰寫符合研究生招生項目的目的陳述的技巧

  -與招生項目保持一致。需要以學校的研究生招生項目介紹為指南,使得目的陳述與招生項目保持一致。需要注意陳述與項目內容有關的個人經歷。

  -在社區和文化上吻合。如今的大學希望尋找那些能夠代表申請人所在社區并能夠對其做出貢獻的學生。需要檢視你的背景和目標如何融入研究生招生項目所在的城市、大學和文化。

  -從學位項目中獲益。一旦被批準入學,申請人將為研究生學習支付學費和投入時間精力。招生委員會想知道的是,申請人期待從學業中獲得什么。因此,申請人可以陳述對系里教授們的學術成就的認識,以展示相關興趣和學業期待。

1.4 結論和總結

目的陳述的結論必須達到兩個目的:把前述所有內容予以總結,并使讀者有興趣想了解更多。如果能夠達到這后一個目的,目的陳述基本上就是合格的。

申請人在這一部分可以總結攻讀研究生學業對專業發展和個人成長的意義,展望申請人對所在領域產生的影響,以及攻讀學位對申請人自己所產生的影響。

撰寫目的陳述結論的技巧

  -保持簡潔。結論部分通常不包含新內容。因此,不要過度反復重復這些內容。

  -重述價值。申請人本人是自己最好的推薦者。不僅要表現出對自身能力的自信,還要表現出對入學申請的堅定信心。申請人給研究生院帶來的是獨特的學術背景、職業經驗、個人經歷和發展目標。盡管可能不會被錄取,但這只是因為背景不適合而已,不要弄成由于目的陳述沒有寫好而造成價值被低估或被誤解。

Statement of Purpose

2.目的陳述(Statement of Purpose)范文解析

下面有幾個研究生院入學申請目的陳述的Statement of Purpose范文。這兩位申請人都申請了全美排名前15位的CS碩士班??梢宰⒁獾?,他們在文章中是將個人經歷與未來的學術目標和職業目標緊密結合的。

注:以下是由博遠教育的專業編輯修改過的文章樣稿。為了保護個人隱私,對個人信息進行了修改。注意這些文章并不是可以重復使用的模板。

Statement of Purpose范文1:

Computer science (CS) studies require abstract thinking and practical problem-solving skills. Hence, CS students usually need strong theoretical and technical abilities, which I have gained through my undergraduate education. For example, I am well-trained in mathematics, and the courses I have taken in the field have laid a solid theoretical foundation for understanding abstract computational propositions and designing complex algorithms. I am also skilled at computational thinking: I can connect theories with real-life problems and create computer programs to provide innovative solutions. Additionally, I am very passionate about studying CS because I know that CS will significantly impact my career and future life. Therefore, I feel confident that I will succeed in the _________ Program. I am looking forward to studying at ______, where I can learn how to create web scrapers, manage databases, contribute to open-source projects, and research various advanced topics.

點評:引言部分開門見山地說明入學申請招生項目和研究領域。嫻熟地定義了什么是CS領域的成功,并將其與申請人的經歷、技能和學業熱情緊密聯系起來。

During my undergraduate career, I took many pure math courses, including Linear Algebra, Probability Theory, and Mathematical Statistics. These courses have prepared me well for studying advanced computer science because a wide range of methods used in modern computational research is based on mathematics. For example, in machine learning, knowledge from linear algebra and mathematical statistics is the basis for two key research methods: algebraic and statistical methods. Thanks to my proficiency in both areas, I will be able to find statistical explanations for the algebraic approach as well as perform algebraic calculations for statistical models. Therefore, I am confident in my ability to solve various theoretical problems during hands-on machine learning research. 

點評:上面這一部分論述學術經驗和技能。該申請人具有合適的學術背景和課程學習經歷,以此說明為研究生階段的學習做好了準備。

Furthermore, the computational thinking skills I gained from my undergraduate education enable me to formulate a problem, express the solution, and evaluate the results. In my Mathematical Modeling class, my professor introduced a mathematical model for describing the stock market. However, I soon realized that the model was too simple to illustrate real scenarios due to the lack of time variables. Therefore, I supplemented his original model with an iterative formula to measure time, programmed equations into a MATLAB editor, and generated solution graphs. I was surprised by the results, which implied a potential contradiction with the professor’s proposed solution. When I explained my findings to the professor, he was very impressed by my work. I plan to continue to capitalize on the strength of my computational thinking skills at Columbia to manage complex databases, practice classic algorithms, and apply my computer science expertise to solve real-life problems.

點評:申請人繼續以學術經歷來陳述自己是如何學習的,包括如何克服學習中遇到的困難,如何與教授和導師互動,以及如何解決問題。研究生學業對于學生的要求是希望學生能夠自己采取措施主動學習。

One of the primary reasons that I want to study computer science is my internship experience. During the winter break of my junior year, I worked as an investment research intern at a private equity firm, where I was responsible for collecting financial data and writing industry reports. I enjoyed this work and continued finding methods to improve my efficiency—I wanted to spend more time on data analysis and less on manual data collection. After visiting another private equity firm with my manager, I realized that I needed to learn computer science. At that firm, all of the data collection and analyses were done automatically by its data mining and machine learning system. Using this approach, the firm could spend more time communicating with investors to raise more capital. Although I later switched my career goal to economics research, I am still motivated by what I learned from my internship experience: in the 21st century, computer science will fundamentally change every industry and every one of us. As such, we must embrace computer science to gain advantageous positions for our careers.

點評:申請人接下來解釋為什么想攻讀這個學位。申請人陳述自己在職場中工作表現突出,指出攻讀計算機科學的研究生學位會很有益。申請人指出是在實際工作中體會到了這一點。

Outside of the classroom, I enjoy hiking. During my three years in _____, I climbed many mountains in the area. Hiking can be challenging on steep trails because I am sometimes exhausted, only halfway to the top. However, I never give up. In these moments, I will take a rest, have some energy bars, and continue walking until I reach the apex and discover the beautiful scenery there. Studying computer science is similar to hiking in some ways: as a non-CS major, I may find some CS courses challenging. However, with the patience and perseverance I have learned through hiking, I am able to overcome these challenges and master advanced computational techniques. As an international student, I will maintain full-time enrollment at my current university in order to attend the program if I am admitted. I hope to apply the computer science skills I will acquire at Columbia to boost my career development and achieve a better future.

點評:申請人展示了全面素質,指出將預見挑戰并迎接挑戰,而不會回避困難。另外,申請人表示,平衡好一切事情是其學習方法的關鍵之舉。

Statement of Purpose范文2:

Life is short, but it is enjoyable to pursue and commit to something you love. My interest in information systems arose from my internship. Previously, I just wanted to start my career as a business analyst, more focused on the business side. But after the internship, this changed. At ____ , I gained exposure to SaaS and FinTech, which piqued my interest in programming, machine learning, and technology. Learning about these two fields afforded me opportunities to research technology and information science methods, and the process of actually handling data for analysis taught me that data is more useful in today’s business world than it was in the past, and I need to improve my data processing and forecasting skills to better serve my data-related work. My current master’s program focuses more on statistics than machine learning and technology, so I am eager to enroll in ____ ’s Master of Science in Information Systems program to follow my passion. I am confident that my strong academic background and relevant experience will allow me to succeed in this program.

點評:申請人直截了當地展示其專業背景。如果專業背景是最好的賣點,那就應該從它入手展開討論。申請人是一位具有成熟職業經驗的人士,知道自己想要什么,以及從學業中想獲得什么。

After my undergraduate study in finance, I wanted to improve my statistical and technical skills along with business knowledge in order to meet my future job needs. In 2019, having achieved outstanding grades, I enrolled in ____ University’s master’s degree program in Applied Statistics and Decision Making. But based on my previous internships and projects, I want to take more courses in information systems and programming. Upon entering my current degree program, I selected courses on statistics, regression analysis and modeling, Python, R, sentiment analysis, and similar topics. These statistical and data science courses resolved some of the challenges I faced during my internship and helped determine my career goal in technology.

點評:第二段提及申請人的本科成績和課程。這樣做的目的是為了證明自己已經做好了適當的先修課程準備,并且了解研究生學業所需的技能。

This past summer, I interned at Visa in financial data analytics, a business-technology combined role. Compared to my previous internship at ____ , I learned more about data and technology foundations by gaining a comprehensive knowledge of the data analysis process. We use customer reporting and company network data to analyze customers’ credit status and make adjustments accordingly. Specifically, I used Python and SQL to conduct EDA and ETL processes. Then, I wrote a filter function to realize data extraction automation. After that, I compared and analyzed the internal business data. I marked the flagging value with the binary standard, using simple classification models, like logistic regression and random forest, to understand changes in the data. Finally, I designed dashboards using Tableau to show the investment and management team the flagging data of customers and their overall credit statuses. Through this internship, I was able to apply my theoretical knowledge to a specific extent, but it was still relatively simple data analysis and machine learning, as I did not optimize my model or made predictions. In order to conduct more in-depth research and make predictions, I decided to learn more about modeling and technical methods.

點評:這位申請人申請的是紐約的一所頂級商學院。這一部分敘述專業經驗。申請人詳細說明了所完成的真實的職業項目。申請人展示了每種工具在業務環境中為什么重要以及如何重要。

Therefore, I have decided to pursue graduate study in information systems at ____ . Several features of your program make it the perfect place for my future studies. First, the opportunity to pursue a summer internship to enhance my future job prospects appeals to me. Second, I am drawn to the comprehensive structure of the curriculum. I will have the chance to study in both the ____ School of Business and Computer Science and conduct an information technology project, which will enable me to achieve my goal of mastering business methods as well as algorithms relevant to technology management. Furthermore, I believe I am a great fit for your program and can both succeed and contribute a unique perspective. I have the requisite knowledge of business, statistics, mathematics, and programming required by the program. My previous internships and projects have provided me with substantial experience in both business and technology, and I have a clear understanding of what I hope to achieve in the program. Ideally, I want to consolidate my prior knowledge, focus on algorithms and systems, and deepen my study of machine learning and algorithms to be able to use various models flexibly and fluently. Finally, because I have studied in _____’s summer program, building a strong network with my professors and classmates, and earned my first graduate degree in New York, there is no question of my being able to adapt and assimilate to a new culture or environment. 

點評:這部分解釋了申請人申請的原因、學業期望和預期貢獻,并指出該研究生項目的強大的人脈關系網絡是一個吸引人的閃光點。

Within one year of graduation, I hope to find a satisfying job related to technology and business, such as a technology consultant or product manager position in a technology or finance company. In the long run, I am eager to grow my network, make critical contributions to my team at work, and hope to become successful in the field of technology. Continuing my studies in your distinguished program would be a worthwhile journey for me and an integral step to achieving my goals.

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