當前位置:首頁 > 文章中心>Hook Sentences寫作八大常用手法

Hook Sentences寫作八大常用手法

發布時間:2021-12-03 17:14:51 閱讀:782 作者:博遠教育 字數:2597 字 預計閱讀時間:6分鐘
導讀:如何讓你的論文吸引讀者的注意力。為你的論文選擇一個最佳的HookSentences,它應該簡單明了,且包含創造性和信息性。你想知道如何實現這一目標嗎?任何一篇論文、文章或書籍的開頭都是至關重要的。

如何讓你的論文吸引讀者的注意力。為你的論文選擇一個最佳的hook sentences,它應該簡單明了,且包含創造性和信息性。你想知道如何實現這一目標嗎?任何一篇論文、文章或書籍的開頭都是至關重要的。它是讀者在緊隨標題后看到的第二部分。假設一個標題足夠有趣,能讓讀者打開你的論文,那么第一句話就應該足夠吸引人,讓他們有繼續閱讀下去的欲望。同時,這句話應該表達出你的主題是什么。開頭這句話被賦予重任,所以你絕不能掉以輕心。接下來我們繼續閱讀,了解更多關于你論文的第一句話——我們把它稱作“hook”——以及你如何為你的論文寫出好的hooks。

什么是Hook sentences?

1.什么是Hook sentences?

論文hook是你的論文的開場白。它通常是引言的第一句話,但也可以是不止一句話。它是吸引注意力的工具,它為論文定下基調,并介紹主題。因此,一個優秀的論文hook它應該簡單明了,且包含創造性和信息性。 每次寫研究論文、文章或散文時,你如何才能做到這一點? 下面將提供一些如何讓你的論文更吸引人的意見。

2.寫Hook sentences有哪些手法?

2.1 引用一個有趣的案例

一條鮮為人知的信息通常能有效地激發讀者的好奇心。這個有趣的案例對任何類型的論文來說都是一個很好的引子,這個案例可以是關于任何事情的,而且可以用一種適合本目的的方式來加以闡述。使用統計數字是一個很好的出發點,然而,你也可以就這個主題做一個事實性的陳述。一個精心陳述的案例可以引起讀者的興趣,使他們對論文中關于該主題的內容感到好奇,或者使他們對論文里要解決的問題進行提問。下面是幾個例子:

“According to the WHO, around 20% of children all over the world are suffering from a mental disorder, yet only 3% are receiving psychological help.”

“Suicide is a preventable tragedy, yet it continues to be the leading cause of death in the US.” (from our sample Psychology paper)

“People all over the world have been using a cellular phone for the past 30 years and for the same amount of time, the scientific community and the wireless phones industry had been trying to prove if mobile phones cause cancer or not.” (from our sample research paper)

“The recreational use of marijuana was initially legalized in Colorado and Washington in 2012, after which many other states followed suit.” (from our sample essay on a controversial topic)

2.2 使用趣聞

雖然這最常用于反思性論文,但趣聞也可以作為信息性論文和論證性論文的hook。趣聞是對某一段經歷的簡短敘述,無論作者本人是否親身經歷,都能就一個話題發表看法。這則趣聞通常已經反映了作者的觀點,從而也反映了論文的陳述。例如,一個希望反對懲罰兒童的作家可以用他們的個人經歷來證明一個觀點:

“As a child, my father was rarely at home, but during the times when he was at home, he often punished us. As a result, we were unable to form a strong bond with our father…”

“Only one person comes to mind when presented with the image of a woman with the bushy uni-brow, flowers on her braided hair, and colorful dresses. That woman is world renowned artist Frida Kahlo.”

“I still remember the years my family spent in the hospital taking turns to watch and take care of our bed-ridden grandmother. She can barely recognize us, and only the machines were keeping her alive. The question of mercy killing was brought up numerous times then.”

“Since I was twelve, I have not been able to walk the streets comfortably, not since a man told me something I did not fully understand but knew was sexual as we passed by each other. Years later, I realized that I was not alone in this experience.”

2.3 引用

論文的另一種hook是引用??梢允呛湍阏擃}相關的任何一句名人名言。然而,在選擇引語時要注意。由于這是一種相對容易的論文開頭方式,許多人都使用這種技巧。因此,你的引文不僅應該與你的論題相關,更要發人深省。此外,一個好的引文將是你在整個論文中可以參考的東西,以使你的論述更有內涵。這樣,你的讀者(也就是你的教授)就能看到你在選擇這句話時花了足夠的心思。

例如,關于某位名人的傳記文章,如瑪雅-安吉洛,一個很好的hook就是能捕捉到她在歷史上的貢獻的一句話。例如這句:

“There is no greater agony than bearing an untold story inside you.”

如果你正在寫一份讀書報告或對一本書或一個故事的分析,用作品中的一句話作為hook是個好主意。例如,一篇關于《殺死一只知更鳥》的論文,一個好的hook應該是:

“You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view … Until you climb inside of his skin and walk around in it.”

“Let me start this essay with the quote ‘The unexamined life is not worth living, ’ which is not only the subject of this essay but is also Socrates’s most quoted statement.” (from the sample Philosophy term paper)

使用引文作為論文的hook的關鍵是解釋該引文對你的主題和論文陳述的意義和重要性。如前所述,這句話應該在你的整個論文中都會被不斷提及,也就是說,它應該在你的論文中具有重要意義。不要忘記在你的論文中對作為hook的引文加以引證。

2.4 使用明喻或暗喻

明喻或暗喻是兩種最流行的文學手法。它們被用來對兩種完全不同的事物進行比較,以做出更生動的描述。在論文中使用明喻或暗喻可以使你的hook更豐富,從而更有趣。它為你的介紹增加了層次,鼓勵讀者繼續閱讀。

“Children have always been regarded as the symbol of the future. This is an apt metaphor, considering how each child possesses great promise.” (from the sample Psychology paper on child abuse)

“Racism is a disease that has plagued society for centuries.”

“Education is the foundation that support’s a child’s development.”

“The world has been transformed into a global village, where one person can reach another person thousands of miles away as if they were in another block. This phenomenon would not have been possible without globalization.”

2.5 發表強有力的陳述

另一種論文hook的類型是,在你的論文開始時做一個強有力的或有主見的陳述。該陳述不一定要馬上成為論文,而是應該暗示你對該論題的看法。強有力的陳述是一種有效的吸引注意力的技巧,因為它使讀者不管是否同意你的看法,他都想看看你在陳述中要怎么說。你可能已經猜到的,這種類型的論文hook在論證性和說服性的論文中效果最好。下面是一些例子:

“Certain rights and privileges come with age. The right to vote, for instance, does not come until a person reaches the age of majority. The privilege to drive an automobile is likewise granted only after a person reaches a certain age, in most cases the age of 16 or 17 years. Even the purchase of cigarettes is allowed for people of a certain age, given the harmful effects of smoking.” (from the sample persuasive essay)

“They say that if you remember the 60’s then you weren’t at Woodstock. But the truth couldn’t be farther from this because many people still remember the weekend of August 15, 16, and 17 1969.” (from the sample essay on Woodstock 1969: Peace And Love)

“Over the past several years, securing women’s right to abortion have taken big steps in many countries.” (from the sample essay on abortion)

“The Land of the Free has always stood loud and proud about democracy and individual rights, with some even going as far as believing the country to be the epitome of freedom.” (from our research paper on NRA And Gun Control)

2.7 生動的描述

生動的描述總能吸引人們的注意力。它讓讀者對你的論文主題更有閱讀欲。你幾乎可以在任何主題上使用這種技巧——人物、地點、事件,甚至是一個問題。然而,在你能完成這篇論文的hook之前,你將需要磨練你的描述性寫作技巧。

“Nuremberg, a city in Bavaria, Germany — the ‘City of Reich Party Rallies’ — is a lovely city, but in its streets live the horrifying shadows of the past because it was in Nuremberg that Adolf Hitler established the laws that stripped off many people of their known racial identity and social worth.” (from the sample history research paper)

“Majority of people nowadays lead a sedentary life—they commute to work in their cars, sit most of 8 hours hunched over the computer, and then sit on their couch until it’s time for bed.”

“For years, the sidelines of vibrant Pride Parades in various states, are lined with people bearing crosses, bibles, and hateful speech scribbled angrily on a placard. Almost always, these people are furiously shouting at the LGBTQ+ community and their allies who try to ignore their tirades.”

“I was welcomed by a strange scent as I stepped out of the plane and into the jet bridge connected to the main building. Everything seemed to move too fast, people hurried to and fro, dragging their heavy bags around. This is New York, I thought to myself.”

2.8 提出一個令人信服的問題

問題在論文中總是受歡迎的。正如論文陳述可以是一個問題,你也可以用一個問題開始你的論文。你的問題可以是一個反問句,旨在為你的介紹性陳述做鋪墊?;蛘?,你可以用一個問題來鼓勵讀者思考他們自己對你所寫的論題的觀點,以激起他們對答案的好奇心。盡管如此,你作為文章hook提出的問題應該在論文的某個地方得到解決。

“How many times in a day do you encounter advertisements? Advertisements nowadays exist in almost every corner of our lives—you find them in your phone, cereal box, street lights, and so on.”

“Are people who have pets remain happier than those without?”

“Do you get quality sleep every night? Studies show that 1 in 3 adults don’t get enough sleep, while 1 in 4 adults suffer from insomnia.”

“Which is the superior operating system—Microsoft or macOS? These are the two top operating systems used in the world, and are the subject of serious debates.”

最后:

總而言之,為你的論文選擇一個可以串聯起你的論文主題的hook,并以此來實現你的目的——無論是通知、爭論、說服,還是對比。與寫作的所有其他方面一樣,如何為你的論文選擇一個最好的hook sentences來自于實踐。從觀察你最喜歡的作者如何開始他們的論文開始。一如既往,練習、練習、再練習!

最新評論

評論內容:

驗證碼:
驗證碼

911国产在线观看无码专区