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留學生論文論證方法學習

發布時間:2022-01-24 14:06:18 閱讀:215 作者:博遠教育 字數:1681 字 預計閱讀時間:4分鐘
導讀:在留學生論文作業中,通常要求學生用邏輯論證來解釋你的論文為什么以及如何具有說服力。從提出論點到最后的結論,中間需要持續的邏輯論證、討論和提煉。當然,論證不是隨意討論,信手拈來,掌握好關鍵性的步驟可以在短時間內提高留學論文寫作水平,今天我們就來學習一下這種方法吧。

在留學生論文作業中,通常要求學生用邏輯論證來解釋你的論文為什么以及如何具有說服力。從提出論點到最后的結論,中間需要持續的邏輯論證、討論和提煉。當然,論證不是隨意討論,信手拈來,掌握好關鍵性的步驟可以在短時間內提高留學論文寫作水平,今天我們就來學習一下這種方法吧。

留學生論文論證方法學習

1.論證的步驟

Step 1. Understand the assignment question

第一步:理解作業問題

在正式開始寫作前,需要明確作業的中心問題,才能以問題為根據尋找論證依據,那么,你需要:

  做大量與主題相關的文獻閱讀工作

  理清為了解決研究問題需要做的工作

  帶著這樣的問題與導師和同學討論

Step 2. Take a tentative position

第二步:確定初步立場

在對主題和研究問題有了初步理解后,你應該有一些自己的想法和觀點,包括:

  闡明你要論證的內容(論證的順序和具體內容)

  思考你論點的依據是什么(每個論點該被如何一步步論證,這是一個邏輯建構的過程)

Step 3. Identify the stages in your argument and conduct research

第三步:確定論證階段并開始討論

當梳理好各論點后,就需要進一步明確并找到事實證據,幫助建構和推理,清楚地表達你的論點。

各個論點應該分段落進行論述,一段一個層次/分論點。這一步你需要:

  闡明你的論點中的各個層次/分論點

  為每個層次/分論點提供證據

  整合參考文獻,為論點提供依據

Step 4. Structure your paragraphs

第四步:組織段落

一旦明確了自己要提出的論點,以及要論證的順序后,重要的便是組織好段落,以確保觀點的邏輯通順。

一個強有力的論證會提出一系列的觀點,所以在每個段落中都需要圍繞段落主題建構邏輯結構,使論文的每個部分都能清楚地討論觀點,讓讀者一目了然。這一步你需要:

    1.讓每個段落都能有一個主題,段落圍繞主題進行

    2.寫包含一系列觀點的補充句(即圍繞主題展開論述)

    3.每段都需要寫一個總結性的句子進行觀點總結

留學生論文寫作

一個簡單的例子

Essay Question: What are the key factors which contribute to childhood diabetes in Australia?

導致澳大利亞兒童糖尿病的關鍵因素是什么?

Step 1 理解作業問題

What is diabetes and why is it significant?

什么是糖尿病,為什么它是重要的?

Who does it affect and how does it affect them?

它影響了誰,如何影響他們?

How do children get it?

兒童如何得???

Can it be prevented? If so, how?

它可以被預防嗎?如果可以,如何預防?

Step 2 確立初步立場

From my reading, it seems that there are two key factors which lead to childhood diabetes – one is genetics and the other is lifestyle choice.

從我閱讀文獻的結果來看,似乎有兩個關鍵因素導致了兒童糖尿病--一個是遺傳,另一個是生活方式的選擇。

Step 3 確定論證階段并開始討論

The first stage in my argument will be to explore how genetics is the major factor for childhood diabetes, particularly with regards to Type 1 diabetes.

我論證的第一階段將探討遺傳是如何成為兒童糖尿病的主要因素,特別是在1型糖尿病方面。

The second stage in my argument will be to explore how lifestyle is the leading cause of Type 2 diabetes in children, particularly in terms of childhood obesity.

我論證的第二階段將探討生活方式是如何成為兒童2型糖尿病的主要原因,特別是在兒童肥胖方面。

Step 4 組織段落

Create an outline for your assignment which summarises what you intend to discuss in each paragraph.

為你的作業創建一個大綱,總結你打算在每段中討論的內容。

2.如何跨段落論述

BODY PARAGRAPH ONE

TOPIC SENTENCE: Genetics is a key factor in the development of diabetes in children. SUPPLEMENTARY SENTENCE 1: Type 7 diabetes is a disease where the child's body no longer produces insulin. While the exact cause of Type 1 diabetes is unknown, research suggests there is a significant genetic component(Schmidt & Johanssen, 2018). Children with a parent or sibling with Type 1 diabetes have an increased risk of developing the condition. Type 1 diabetes can also develop as a result of environmental factors and as a result of illness which compromises the immune system (Umbrage et aL, 2016). SUPPLEMENTARY SENTENCE2: Genetics is also a significant factor in Type 2 diabetes. where a genetic vulnerability to developing obesity can make a child vulnerable to the development of Type 2 diabetes. Indeed, children whose parents or siblings have Type 2 diabetes are more likely to develop the condition (Anderson etal.. 2020). However, unlike Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented and even cured through lifestyle factors.

Topic Sentence:  Genetics is a key factor in the development of diabetes in children

主題句:遺傳是兒童患糖尿病的一個關鍵因素。

Supplementary sentences:

1.Discuss the role of genetics in Type 1 diabetes, along with other possible factors relating to Type 1 diabetes

2.Discuss the role of genetics in Type 2 diabetes

補充句:

1.討論遺傳學在1型糖尿病中的作用,以及與1型糖尿病有關的其他可能因素

2.討論遺傳學在2型糖尿病中的作用

留學生論文

BODY PARAGRAPH TWO

TOPIC SENTENCE: Lifestyle is a key factor in the development of diabetes in children. SUPPLEMENTARY SENTENCE 1: While Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. Type 2 diabetes is thought to be caused by lifestyle factors such as poor diet and lack of physical exercise. The exact cause of Type 2 diabetes is unknown. but research suggests children who are obese are significantly more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes than children who fall into the normal weight range (Lee et al.r 2019). Scholars agree that lack of regular physical activity and a diet high in sugar and simple carbohydrates increases the chance that children will develop Type 2 diabetes (Wang and Johnson. 2018). SUPPLEMENT AR Y SENTENCE 2: Although the link between obesity and Type 2 diabetes in children is well-understood, the factors which contribute to childhood obesity are more complex. For example, children who grow up in lower socio-economic areas. and whose parents experience difficulties accessing regular employment and healthcare opportunities, are generally more vulnerable to experiencing lifestyle factors which contribute to childhood obesity (Valazquez et al., 2017).

Topic Sentence:  Lifestyle is a key factor in the development of diabetes in children.

主題句:生活方式是兒童患糖尿病的一個關鍵因素。

Supplementary sentences:

1.Discuss the role of exercise, diet and education in Type 2 – focus on obesity

2.Discuss the complexity of obesity in children as an issue

補充句:

1.討論運動、飲食和教育在2型中的作用--重點是肥胖癥

2.討論兒童肥胖癥這一問題的復雜性

大家從上面的例子中有沒有得到一些啟發呢,其實我們只要記住“扣題”,多思考自己的論點和陳述能不能起到解釋問題的作用,就可以寫出一篇很好的論文啦!如果在留學期間有任何的留學論文寫作難題,歡迎選擇博遠教育留學論文代寫服務,價格有誠意、分數有保障、服務有質量,歡迎掃描右側二維碼咨詢網站客服。

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