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碩士論文Proposal寫作方法及范文模板

發布時間:2022-03-09 10:56:12 閱讀:3870 作者:博遠教育 字數:1891 字 預計閱讀時間:4分鐘
導讀:碩士畢業論文的寫作又關系到學位與畢業的問題,不得不認真對待。但事實上,碩士論文的寫作也并不像想象中那么可怕,尤其是當我們前期做好準備,完成proposal之后,我相信你的論文將一氣呵成。本文將就Proposal寫作話題進行深入討論。

碩士畢業論文的寫作又關系到學位與畢業的問題,不得不認真對待。但事實上,碩士論文的寫作也并不像想象中那么可怕,尤其是當我們前期做好準備,完成proposal之后,我相信你的論文將一氣呵成。本文將就Proposal寫作話題進行深入討論。

英文碩士論文Proposal怎么寫?

文章目錄

1.Proposal是什么

2.Proposal寫作結構

  2.1 引言

  2.2 文獻綜述

  2.3 研究問題

  2.4 研究方法

  2.5 結果與討論

  2.6 結論

3.Proposal范文

文章正文

1.Proposal是什么

一言以蔽之,Proposal是一份詳細的提綱以及概述。在正式著手寫作論文之前,它“規劃布局”,它有關于將一個未成形的想法轉變為透徹研究的概念,它表明你將如何計劃安排你的論文內容。

在寫作論文之前,所有的學生都需要完成這樣一份Proposal,在其中明確論文主題、研究內容、研究方法、意義及目的等,導師會根據Proposal提出相關建議想法。

2.Proposal寫作結構

在Proposal中,需要展現多項內容,大體上包含的內容有:

2.1 引言

當我們接觸到一個陌生人時,雙方需要互相自我介紹,通過對對方背景信息的了解,為破冰提供了條件基礎。Proposal的寫作也是一樣,起先讀者對此是“一無所知”的,所以第一部分我們需要明確論文寫作的“背景”信息,比如討論的主體是什么,隸屬于哪個領域,對這個主題的研究為什么是有意義的,以此與讀者建立起聯系。

2.1 文獻綜述

創新離不開龐大數量的知識儲備,因此,在進行新的問題研究之前,研讀該領域已經取得的成果是十分必要的。已經發表的文獻有哪些,已經得出的結論是什么,使用了哪些研究方法、分析方法獲得了這些結論,對現有內容的學習,幫助我們站在“巨人的肩膀”上推陳出新。

2.1 研究問題

包括具體研究問題的提出,根據這些問題設計了怎樣的研究課題。此外,你還需要說明的是研究該問題的意義何在。

2.4 研究方法

研究方法無疑是一個重要的部分,因為不同的研究方法可能會帶來截然不同的結論,針對問題使用恰當的研究方法,是保證數據有效性的前提。因此,在這個部分,我們需要進行詳細的介紹說明,一方面幫助觀者更全面地理解,另一方面也是自我思路詳實梳理的過程。

2.5 結果與討論

研究結束后,數據處理、分析便成為重要的工作。在這一部分,我們需要陳述相關的研究成果。對同樣數據的不同分析,可能也會得出不同的結論。與此同時,我們的結論或許并不是最完善的,可能在得出結果之后,你發現了一些疑問,產生了質疑,沒關系,我們不妨對此進行更多的討論,從不同的角度闡述研究結果的意義。

2.6 結論

結論通常是對全文的總結和升華,即我們熟知的對全文主題、結果進行總結歸納,但這里,Proposal的結論部分略有不同,一般我們會針對本次研究方法的局限性進行說明討論,以一種“未來”視角看待當下,看待本次研究,一方面指出研究帶來的積極內容,另一方面,從研究的限制中看到指導未來研究的積極意義。

Proposal范文

3.Proposal范文模板

Proposal中包含的內容大體上有以上這些,但就具體的Proposal而言,其組織方式也會根據需求而呈現出不同的內容。這里給大家提供一份proposal范文模板

1.TITLE

Research proposal title should demarcate the main focus/ or theme of the proposed study.

2.STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Logically, the first step in any research is to provide a clear statement of the problem. This step is indispensable in the writing process in that it governs the organization and flow of the thesis/defense. The purpose statement should provide a synopsis of the purpose of the study, briefly define and delimit the specific area of the research, and foreshadow the questions to be raised. A problem may be stated in terms of a verbal statement, i.e., "The purpose of this research is to examine..." or "This study aims at ascertaining Problem could also be stated in the form of a question like: "Why are Muslims divided?" or "What are the factors associated with the rise of hate crime against Muslims in the West?

3.BACKGROUND AND HISTORY

The background and history highlights empirical foundations of research. The purpose of a background/history section is to give the reader the relevant facts about the topic and/or research site so that they understand the material or case in the proposal and how it links to the questions posed.

4.JUSTIFICATION OF THE PROBLEM

In stating the problem, it is also necessary to specify why it is important and what new insights may be found. What would be its net contribution to the body of knowledge in the field(s), and/or towards solving the problems for humanity at large?

5.LITERATURE REVIEW

A review of relevant literature is the third step and is of great significance. The literature review helps relate the proposed study to the larger ongoing discourse in the literature about a phenomenon, filling in gaps in the literature and extending earlier studies. The literature review is neither a chronological summary of related works nor a mere catalogue of previous studies published in the field. Literature review is a well-organized critical appreciation of related and relevant literature conceptually integrated within the logic of the proposed investigation. The student should show whether other researchers have studied the same or 引milar problems before, from what perspectives have these studies been conductedr and whether these researches have been theoretically or empirically adequate.

6.THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

A research problem should, where pos引ble, be set within the framework of a theory. A "theory* is a collection of interrelated law-like statements or hypotheses aimed at explaining a phenomenon. Theories suggest hypotheses to be tested. A hypothesis is a conjectural, conditional (if-then) statement linking two or more variables. Hypothesis grows out of theoretical or conceptual frameworks. The theoretical or conceptual framework and the resultant hypotheses will identify and name the important variables to be studied. The student must identify the variables and define the variables or terms conceptually and operationally.

Methods and Procedures

The methods or procedures section is undeniably the heart of the research proposal. This section normally includes four main areas: Thesis: the type of study being conducted, data collection procedures, the sample selection and data analysis plan.

Project: the type of project being created, artifacts to be generated, procedures.

7.Proposed Chapter Outline*

Research proposals also contain tentative chapter outline. It indicates the number of chapters the thesis or dissertation is expected to be composed of. It gives the tentative chapter headings with brief annotations of expected chapter content.

8.Bibliography and Appendix

The research proposal must contain a thorough, focused succinct bibliography. The candidate should follow the style appropriate to the primary field of study. The need for complete documentation generally dictates the inclusion of appropriate appendixes in proposals.

The Appendix should contain a copy of the instrument and other documents not readily available

具體到Proposal格式,就字數而言,一般保持在5000字左右,約2-5頁。當然,不同學校、不同專業、不同導師的需求或許都是不同的,因此具體問題具體分析,按照學校、老師的要求是我們的“第一要義”。

通常,碩士論文的寫作需要很長的時間,有時提前兩個學期開始準備,在這樣的“長期拉鋸戰”下,合理安排時間,制定計劃可以幫助我們有條不紊地開展研究、寫作,Proposal則會幫助我們使頭腦中模糊的想法概念逐漸清晰起來,快速找到方向。同學們如果在寫作過程中還有困難,也歡迎聯系博遠教育網站在線客服,我們竭誠為您提供各類proposal代寫服務,價格有誠意,分數有保障,服務有質量。

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