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Introduction和Conclusion寫作結構及常用句式

發布時間:2022-04-27 14:49:13 閱讀:289 作者:博遠教育 字數:1698 字 預計閱讀時間:4分鐘
導讀:正在低頭苦寫論文的你,還在被Introduction和Conclusion不斷困擾的你,不知道該怎么寫?怎樣可以得高分?下面博遠教育小編為大家整理了Introduction和Conclusion寫作結構及常用句式,希望幫助大家學會如何寫好這兩個部分的內容。

正在低頭苦寫論文的你,還在被Introduction & Conclusion不斷困擾的你,不知道該怎么寫?怎樣可以得高分?下面博遠教育小編為大家整理了Introduction & Conclusion寫作結構及常用句式,希望幫助大家學會如何寫好這兩個部分的內容。

Introduction怎么寫?

Introduction 是一篇文章的開始,寫好Introduction是可以給老師留下好的第一印象的關鍵哦~今天我們來看看到底該怎么寫Introduction?

1.Introduction怎么寫?

Introduction的基本結構:

*/ research background/ context背景介紹

*/ research aims/ objectives研究目的或目標

*/ research methodology/ theory rationale簡單介紹研究所用的方法論和理論以及理由(段文章可以和上面一條合并起來)

*/ research structure 文章的結構

1.1 research background/ context背景介紹

一定要避免以下誤區!

①越詳細越好,從幾十年前的發展說起

②引用一堆學者文獻

③介紹完背景就直接寫文章的aim

正確寫法:

?不要過于復雜,抓最核心的,跟你論點最貼近的背景信息來寫

?最好不要用太多的reference,畢竟是文章剛開始,會顯得頭重腳輕

?適當融入literature review,回顧完別人的文獻后,指出gap和自己文章的創新點,選此話題的重要性等

1.2 research aims/ objectives研究目的或目標

*/  The main aims of this study is to investigate ... 

本文的主要目的是研究..

*/ This study aims to explore the issue of...,based on the...

本研究旨在探討...問題,基于...的理論

*/ with the aim of...,this study sets out to...

為了...的目的,這項研究提出...

1.3 research methodology/ theory rationale簡單介紹研究所用的方法論和理論以及理由

*/ To achieve the above-mentioned aims, I have developed a ...

為了實現以上所述的目的,我發現了...(可以加理論)

*/ In order to account for...,I adopt the theory of ...

為了對...做出解釋,我采用...的理論

*/ In order to achieve the objectivity, I draw upon the... framework

為實現這個目的,我利用了...的理論框架

1.4 research structure 文章的結構

一般在introduction的最后,用一段簡單的介紹下文章的結構就可以。

Following the introduction, section 2 begins with the discussion of.... Then section 3 foucues on.... Section 4 and 5 are the main parts of this study which deal with... This study concludes with...

在引言之后,第二部分開始討論...之后的第三部分著重于...第4和第5部分是本研究的主要內容,涉及...

關于字數:

introduction占總字數的10%~15%相對來說比較合適。我們拿10k的文章來舉例,可以寫1k~1.5k的字數都是沒問題的。

Conslusion怎么寫?

2.Conslusion怎么寫?

Essay Conclusion寫作重點:

①Looking Back 總結和歸納寫作中涉及的主要領域

②Give a final comment or judgement做出評論或判斷

③Making Suggestions提出建議和預測未來研究方向

2.1 Restating the aims of the study重述研究的目的

回到你的總體論點表明文章即將結束,不要只是重復Thesis statement 而是重新表述你的論點

*/ This study set out to...

*/ This paper has argued that ...

*/ This essay has discussed the reasons for...

*/ In this investigation, the aim was to assess...

*/ The aim of the present research was to examine...

*/ The purpose of the current study was to determine...

*/ The main goal of the current study was to determine...

*/ This proiect was undertaken to design...and evaluate...

*/ The present study was designed to detwemine the effect of...

*/ The second aim of this study was to investigate the effects of... 

2.2 Summarising main research findings總結主要研究結果

總結是展示文章所有段落如何加起來成為一個連貫的整體的最后機會,避免簡單總結每一段或按順序重復每一個觀點

*/ This study has identified...

*/ This study has shown that...

*/ The research has also shown that...

*/ The second major finding was that...

*/ These experiments confirmed that...

*/ X mande no significant difference to...

*/ This study haas found that generally...

*/ The investigation of X has shown taht...

*/ The results of this investigation show that...

*/ The most obvious finding to emerge from this study is that...

*/ The relevance of X is clearly supported by the current findings.

2.3 Suggesting implications for the field of knowledge提出對知識領域的影響

它是否有助于你對主題有一個新的理解?它是否提出了未來研究的新問題?

*/ Overall,this study strengthens the idea that...

*/ The current data highlight the importance of...

*/ The findings of this research provide insights for...

*/ The results of this research support the idea that...

*/ These data suggest that X can be achieved throught...

*/ The theoretical implications of these findings are unclear.

*/ The principal theoretical implication of this study is that...

*/ This study has raised important questions about the nature of...

*/ The findings of this investigation complement those of earliser studies.

*/ These findings have significant implications for the understanding of how...

2.4 Explaining the significance of the findings or contribution of the study解釋研究結果的意義或研究的貢獻

盡量避免簡單重復你在討論已經涉及的內容,挑最重要的幾點進行概述

*/ The findings will be of interest to...

*/ This thesis has provided a deeper insight into...

*/ The findings reported here shed new light on...

*/ The study contributes to our understanding of...

*/ These results ass to the rapidly expanding field of...

*/ The contribution of this study has been to comfirm...

*/ Before this study, evidence of X was purely anecdotal.

*/ This project is the first comprehensive investigation of ...

*/ The insights gained from this study may be of assistance to...

*/ This work contributes to existing knowledge of X by providing...

2.5 Recognising the limitations of the current study認識當前研究的局限性

強調你為什么采取這樣的辦法,研究結果與你的期望有多大差距

*/ A limitation of this study is that...

*/ Being limited to X, this study lacks...

*/ The small sample size did not allow...

*/ The major limitation of this study is the...

*/ This study was limited be the absence of ...

*/ X makes these findings less generalisable to...

*/ Thirdly, the study did not evaluate the use of...

*/ It is unfortunate that the study did not include...

*/ The scope of this study was limited in terms of...

*/ The study is limited by the lack of information on...

*/ The most important limitationlies in the fact that...

2.6 Making recommendations for further research work為進一步研究工作提出建議

避免夸大研究的適用性,重點闡述你的發現對理論和實踐的影響

*/ The question raised by this study is...

*/ The study should be repeated using...

*/ This would be a fruitful area for further work.

*/ Several questions still remain to be answered.

*/ A natural progression of this work is to analyse...

*/ More research using controlled trials is needed to ...

*/ More broadly,research is also needed to determine ...

*/ A further study could assess the long-term effects of ...

*/ What is now needed is a cross-national study involving...

*/ Consderably more work will need to be done to determine...

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