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雙語閱讀|撰寫Research Paper十條經驗

發布時間:2022-05-19 11:14:30 閱讀:368 作者:博遠教育 字數:1422 字 預計閱讀時間:3分鐘
導讀:撰寫和發表論文有自己的生命周期;正確遵循行動方針并避免失誤對于論文的整體成功以及基礎研究的整體成功都至關重要。在這里,我們為撰寫和發表研究論文提供了十條經驗。

 Research Paper怎么寫?

Ten Simple Rules for Writing Research Papers

撰寫研究論文的十條經驗

摘要

The importance of writing well can never be overstated for a successful professional career, and the ability to write solid papers is an essential trait of a productive researcher.

寫好文章的重要性對于一個成功的職業生涯來說永遠不會被夸大,寫出扎實論文的能力是一個高產研究者的本質特征。

Writing and publishing a paper has its own life cycle; properly following a course of action and avoiding missteps can be vital to the overall success not only of a paper but of the underlying research as well.

撰寫和發表論文有自己的生命周期;正確遵循行動方針并避免失誤對于論文的整體成功以及基礎研究的整體成功都至關重要。

Here, we offer ten simple rules for writing and publishing research papers.

在這里,我們為撰寫和發表研究論文提供了十條經驗。

As a caveat, this essay is not about the mechanics of composing a paper, much of which has been covered elsewhere.

需要注意的是,本文并不是關于撰寫論文的機制,其中大部分內容已經在其它地方進行了介紹

Rather, it is about the principles and attitude that can help guide the process of writing in particular and research in general.

相反,它是關于可以幫助指導寫作過程和一般研究過程的原則和態度。

In this regard, some of the discussion will complement, extend, and refine some advice given in early articles of this Ten Simple Rules series of PLoS Computational Biology.

在這方面,一些討論將補充、擴展和完善 PLoS Computational Biology的十條經驗系列的早期文章中給出的一些建議。

Rule 1: Make It a Driving Force

規則1:讓它成為驅動力

Design a project with an ultimate paper firmly in mind. Include an outline of the paper in the initial project design documents to help form the research objectives, determine the logical flow of the experiments, and organize the materials and data to be used.

設計一個項目時牢記終極論文。在最初的項目設計文件中包含論文大綱,以幫助形成研究目標,確定實驗的邏輯流程,并組織要使用的材料和數據。

Rule 2: Less Is More

規則2:少就是多

Fewer but more significant papers serve both the research community and one’s career better than more papers of less significance.

更少但更重要的論文比數量多但不那么重要的論文更好地為學術界和一個人的職業生涯服務。

research paper寫作

Rule 3: Pick the Right Audience

規則3: 選擇正確的受眾

Deciding on an angle of the story to focus upon is the next hurdle to jump at the initial stage of the writing.

決定故事的一個角度是寫作初期的下一個障礙。

The results from a computational study of a biological problem can often be presented to biologists, computational scientists, or both; deciding what story to tell and from what angle to pitch the main idea is important.

生物問題的計算研究結果通??梢猿尸F給生物學家、計算科學家或兩者;決定要講什么故事,從什么角度闡述主要觀點是很重要的。

Rule 4: Be Logical

規則4:合乎邏輯

The foundation of ‘‘lively’’ writing for smooth reading is a sound and clear logic underlying the story of the paper.

流暢閱讀的“生動”寫作的基礎是文章故事背后的合理清晰的邏輯。

Rule 5: Be Thorough and Make It Complete

規則5:保持文章的完整性

Completeness is a cornerstone for a research paper, following Rule 2.

完整性是研究論文的基石,遵循規則 2。

Rule 6: Be Concise

規則6:簡明扼要

This is a caveat to Rule 5 and is singled out to emphasize its importance. Being thorough is not a license to writing that is unnecessarily descriptive, repetitive, or lengthy.

這是對規則 5 的警告,并被單獨列出來強調它的重要性。全面不是對不必要的描述、重復或冗長寫作的許可。

Rule 7: Be Artistic

規則7:具有藝術性

A complete draft of a paper requires a lot of work, so it pays to go the extra mile to polish it to facilitate enjoyable reading.

完整的論文草稿需要大量的工作,因此需要付出更多的努力來潤色它,以促進愉快的閱讀。

Research Paper

Rule 8: Be Your Own Judge

規則 8:做你自己的判斷

A complete manuscript typically requires many rounds of revision.

一份完整的手稿通常需要多輪修改。

Taking a correct attitude during revision is critical to the resolution of most problems in the writing.

在修改過程中采取正確的態度對于解決寫作中的大多數問題至關重要。

Be objective and honest about your work and do not exaggerate or belittle the significance of the results and the elegance of the methods developed.

對你的工作保持客觀和誠實,不要夸大或貶低結果的重要性和所開發方法的簡練。 

After working long and hard, you are an expert on the problem you studied, and you are the best referee of your own work, after all.

經過長時間的努力,您是所研究問題的專家,畢竟您是自己工作的最佳裁判。

Rule 9: Test the Water in Your Own Backyard

規則9:在你自己的后院試試水

Collect feedback and critiques from others, e.g., colleagues and collaborators. Discuss your work with them and get their opinions, suggestions, and comments.

收集其他人的反饋和批評,例如同事和合作者。與他們討論您的工作,并聽取他們的意見、建議和評論。

Rule 10: Build a Virtual Team of Collaborators

規則10:建立協作者虛擬團隊

Be aware that the referees spent their time on the paper, which they might have otherwise devoted to their own research, so they are doing you a favor and helping you shape the paper to be more accessible to the targeted audience.

請注意審稿人是否將他們的時間花在論文上,否則他們可能會專注于自己的研究,所以他們是在幫您一個忙,幫助您塑造論文,使其更容易被目標受眾訪問。

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