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伯克利大學官方SOP寫作要求及寫作建議

發布時間:2022-05-25 14:41:39 閱讀:326 作者:博遠教育 字數:1611 字 預計閱讀時間:4分鐘
導讀:如何寫SOP?我們一般會做的是查找百度、論壇、知乎等,這些雖然有一點效用,但一般會造成信息爆炸、知識點混雜等缺點;其實,最直接的方法是直接查申請院校的官網要求,這些搜索能夠讓一頭霧水的申請者稍微摸清點脈絡。所以在本文中,主要寫一下伯克利大學SOP要求。

如何寫SOP?我們一般會做的是查找百度、論壇、知乎等,這些雖然有一點效用,但一般會造成信息爆炸、知識點混雜等缺點;其實,我個人倡導的最直接的方法是直接查申請院校的官網要求,這些搜索能夠讓一頭霧水的申請者稍微摸清點脈絡。

所以在本文主要寫一下伯克利大學SOP要求。

伯克利大學原文如下,鏈接在此https://grad.berkeley.edu/admissions/apply/statement-purpose/

The statement of purpose should convince readers– the faculty on the selection committee– that you have solid achievements behind you that show promise for your success in graduate study. Think of the statement of purpose as a composition with four different parts.

(看吧,這句話也在暗示,他們需要的是未來可能會成功的人)

Part 1: Introduce yourself, your interests and motivations

Tell them what you’re interested in, and perhaps, what sparked your desire for graduate study. This should be short and to the point; don’t spend a great deal of time on autobiography.

(興趣與動機,這部分一定要簡短,不要寫成一篇個人傳記。我們的CV已經是對我們這幾年人生的概括了,在SOP里切記不要重復CV,你要在SOP里突出你CV里沒有的細節??!舉個例子,你CV里只介紹了xx年參加的一場實習,但你可以在SOP里寫細節,如實習里發現的什么激發了你對某個方向的熱情,之后你自己看書查資料,這里可以列舉一兩本重要的書或paper;隨著興趣的濃厚,你打算繼續學習做研究巴拉巴拉)

Part 2: Summarize your undergraduate and previous graduate career

a) Research you conducted. Indicate with whom, the title of the project, what your responsibilities were, and the outcome. Write technically, or in the style of your discipline. Professors are the people who read these statements.

b) Important paper or thesis project you completed, as well as anything scholarly beyond your curricular requirements.

c) Work experience, especially if you had any kind of responsibility for testing, designing, researching or interning in an area similar to what you wish to study in graduate school.

(這里雖然讓你總結之前的經歷,而且要求看上去像是重復CV,但一定不要這么干!無論是實習經歷、研究還是文章項目,你在SOP里一定只挑選最能突出你的能力、熱情和興趣的經歷,且最好跟老師的研究方向match,只挑選一兩個例子,展開寫,比如列舉看的重要的文章名稱;花費的時間;結交的人人脈之類的)

Part 3: Discuss the relevance of your recent and current activities

If you graduated and worked prior to returning to grad school, indicate what you’ve been doing: company or non-profit, your work/design team, responsibilities, what you learned. You can also indicate here how this helped you focus your graduate studies.

(這個是針對非應屆的小可愛們,如果你是畢業之后再申請的話,請說明你之前都在干什么,你學到了什么之類的。我雖然沒有相似的經歷,但我建議大家在寫這部分的時候,從工作到繼續讀書之間要形成一個自然的過渡,如你選擇繼續讀書的原因,是工作時發現有現在的能力無法實習的一些任務,所以選擇深造。如果你是因為厭倦工作,那我也不建議流露太多的負面情緒。無論怎么樣,最好不要編造信息和理由,可以調整措辭和說法,但要保證真實性。)

Part 4: Elaborate on your academic interests

Here you indicate what you would like to study in graduate school in enough detail to convince the faculty that you understand the scope of research in their discipline, and are engaged with current research themes.

a) Indicate the area of your interests. Ideally, pose a question, define a problem, or indicate a theme that you would like to address, and questions that arise from contemporary research. This should be an ample paragraph!

b) Look on the web for information about departments you’re interested in, including professors and their research. Are there professors whose research interests parallel yours? If so, indicate this. Check the specific program; many may require you to name a professor or professors with whom you might work.

c) End your statement in a positive manner, indicating your excitement and readiness for the challenges ahead of you.

(研究興趣,這是SOP的重點!我個人認為,外國人大概比較愛看問題問句以及問號,比如我們系里的外教就特別想看到你的研究中有一個具體的問題且以問好結尾。興趣點最好跟老師match,如果之前的研究和現在要申請的研究有出入,那寫一下為什么會有轉折?再者,請一定要突出的是自己的能力,老師們不一定特別在意你之前的研究方向,他們更在意你的研究能力和熱情。比如,如果你在SOP里陳述一個困難,以及你解決困難的過程和結果收獲,那么這就是一個具體的例子,能夠展示你的能力——不過這只是個例子,并不一定要這么寫,而且事情一定要真實,真實才會有真情實感。)

(以及,最后結尾,要積極向上的。以及最好表明你以后要回國,可以建立合作之類的,他們會傾向于未來的人脈。)

Essential Tips

1. What the admissions committee will read between the lines: self-motivation, competence, potential as a graduate student.

2. Emphasize everything from a positive perspective and write in an active, not a passive voice.

3. Demonstrate everything by example; don’t say directly that you’re a persistent person, show it.

4. If there is something important that happened to you that affected your grades, such as poverty, illness, or excessive work, state it. Write it affirmatively, showing your perseverance despite obstacles. You can elaborate more in your personal statement.

5. Make sure everything is linked with continuity and focus.

6. Unless the specific program says otherwise, be concise; an ideal essay should say everything it needs to with brevity. Approximately 500 to 1000 well-selected words (1-2 single space pages in 12 point font) is better than more words with less clarity and poor organization.

(這是一些他的小建議,無非幾點:①積極樂觀的態度②用例子來講,不要空談③簡潔明了。)

以上就是伯克利官方SOP要求與寫作建議。希望大家都能展示出最好的、真實的自己,一定要簡潔。希望你的SOP是一個引人入勝的好故事,注意信息的真實可靠。如果需要SOP寫作服務,請咨詢網站客服,我們將根據每一位客戶的背景量身定制獨一無二的SOP,長達90的互動編輯模式,行業首創雙重審議模式,確保為大家完成高質量SOP寫作服務。

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