當前位置:首頁 > 文章中心>MLA格式secondary source引用規范

MLA格式secondary source引用規范

發布時間:2020-04-10 09:07:26 閱讀:5649 作者:致遠教育 字數:1246 字 預計閱讀時間:4分鐘
導讀:留學生們在寫一些文史類的essay的時候,需要了解兩個概念,分別是:primarysource和secondarysource??赡芎芏嘈』锇槎疾恢朗鞘裁匆馑?,致遠小編來給大家普及一下。文學作品本身叫做...

留學生們在寫一些文史類的essay的時候,需要了解兩個概念,分別是:primary sourcesecondary source??赡芎芏嘈』锇槎疾恢朗鞘裁匆馑?,Meeloun小編來給大家普及一下。

MLA格式secondary source引用規范

文學作品本身叫做 primary source,言外之意就是第一手資料,未經過別人加工過的文本,而 secondary source 則是加工primary source 的一些文本,包括:批評某文學作品的文章(比如說你寫的分析論文、其他批評家對某作品的批評)、該作者的傳記(比如說談到了該作者在創作該文學作品的經歷)、作者自己寫的文章或者自傳(注意,作者的傳記和自己寫的文章在這里之所以被當做是 secondary source 是因為你的文章是引用這些資料來幫助你分析他們的文學作品,你不是在分析他們的傳記本身,他們的文學作品才是 primary source)。如果引用,必須要用準確的 MLA 格式。

MLA 格式包括兩部分:In-text citation 以及文章寫完后另起一頁的Works Cited 頁。通過你的格式,讀者可以找到你的引言是出自哪本書的哪句話,兩者的引用方法大家可以參考:MLA格式文內(In-Text)與文末(Works Cited)細節

In-text Citation

文章中的引用一般在括號中告訴讀者引用文本的作者以及頁碼,如:

Arguing that fate has little to do with the tragedy that befalls Oedipus, Bernard Knox writes that “the catastrophe of Oedipus is that he discovers his own identity; and for his discovery he is first and last responsible” (6).

因為這邊的句子里面已經講出來是誰說的,所以括號里面不要再重復,如果句子中沒說,則要在括號里寫上 last name + 頁碼(Knox 6)。當然實際情況要復雜得多,比如說,引用《經濟學人》雜志文章的時候,是沒有作者的,引用網站文章的時候,是沒有頁碼的,具體怎么引用,大家可以查看我們以前的文章。

Work Cited page

等你文章都寫好之后,要另起一頁,把你文章中所引用的所有情況一一列出來,比如說(注意這邊是懸掛縮進):

Work Cited page

一般書籍的格式是:Last name, First name. Name of the book. City of publication: Publisher, year of publication.

那雜志、文集、詩歌、電視電影、網絡新聞等等是什么格式呢?在我們之前的很多文章都給大家提到過,大家不妨去回顧一下。

Plagiarism

Plagiarism

講一下學術抄襲這個大罪。一般以下幾種行為是被認為是抄襲行為:

1.使用別人的idea或者別人的原話的時候,沒有使用正確的引用格式

2.在引用別人原話的時候,沒有加雙引號

3.在總結或者同意轉述的時候,沒有使用自己的語言

大家看一下,下面是一個抄襲的例子:

原文:

Here again Glaspell’s story reflects a larger truth about the lives of rural women. Their isolation induced madness in many. The rate of insanity in rural areas, especially for women, was a much-discussed subject in the second half of the nineteenth century.

Elaine Hedges, “Small Things Reconsidered: ‘A Jury of Her Peers,’” p. 59

如果你這么寫就是抄襲(橙色字體的部分必須要加雙引號?。?/span>

Glaspell may or may not want us to believe that Minnie Wright’s murder of her husband is an insane act, but Minnie’s loneliness and isolation certainly could have driven her mad. As Elaine Hedges notes, the rate of insanity in rural areas, especially for women, was a much-discussed subject in the second half of the nineteenth century (59).

再來看一個例子:

原文:

Mothers [in the late nineteenth century] were advised to teach their daughters to make small, exact stitches, not only for durability but as a way of instilling habits of patience, neatness, and diligence. But such stitches also became a badge of ones needlework skill, a source of self-esteem and of status, through the recognition and admiration of other women.

Elaine Hedges, “Small Things Reconsidered: ‘A Jury of Her Peers,’ ” p. 62

如果你這么寫就是抄襲 (和原文用詞、句式重復度太高?。?/span>

One of the fìnal clues in the story, the irregular stitching in Minnie’s quilt patches, connects immediately with Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters. In the late nineteenth century, explains Elaine Hedges, small, exact stitches were valued not only for their durability. They became a badge of one’s prowess with the needle, a source of self-respect and of prestige, through the recognition and approval of other women (62).

但是按照下面這樣寫就不會被認定為抄襲(同意轉述程度要高?。?/span>

One of the final clues in the story, the irregular stitching in Minnie’s quilt patches, connects immediately with Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters. In the late nineteenth century, explains Elaine Hedges, precise needlework was valued for more than its durability. It was a source of pride to women, a way of gaining status in the community of other women (62).

致遠教育竭誠提供海外留學生作業代寫服務,涵蓋了商科、會計、金融、統計、旅游、教育、人力資源等諸多學術領域超過70個代寫科目支持,1v1專席客服,擔保交易,滿意付款,超高性價比,成績有保障,趕緊咨詢客服提交代寫要求吧。

最新評論

評論內容:

驗證碼:
驗證碼

911国产在线观看无码专区