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MLA格式塊引用(block quote)技巧

發布時間:2020-04-23 15:07:28 閱讀:7645 作者:致遠教育 字數:1003 字 預計閱讀時間:3分鐘
導讀:塊引用是用來分開很大一段的引用材料,使其更容易閱讀的方法。塊引用要根據標準格式來用,你可以用美國現代語言協會(MLA)的風格,也可以用美國心理學協會(APA)或芝加哥格式手冊的格式(CMS)。本文致遠小編以MLA格式為例,教您在essay寫作中如何使用塊引用。

塊引用是用來分開很大一段的引用材料,使其更容易閱讀的方法。塊引用要根據標準格式來用,你可以用美國現代語言協會(MLA)的風格,也可以用美國心理學協會(APA)或芝加哥格式手冊的格式(CMS)。本文致遠小編以MLA格式為例,教您在essay寫作中如何使用塊引用。

MLA格式塊引用教程:

如果文本超過四行(包括四行),就用塊引用。如果少于四行,就不要用,而是使用通過引號和標點符號來引用。如果你引用的是詩篇,則如果詩超過兩行(不包括兩行)就是用塊引用。

在塊引用前的引用句后加個冒號。這樣表示這里是塊引用,下面準備引用一段材料。

然后另起一行,開始塊引用內容。這里要新建一段。

保持用雙倍行距。塊引用不能用單倍行距。

不要給塊引用兩邊用引號。因為你和主文章部分分開來寫,而且用的是特殊格式,所以不用再用引號了。

段落縮進1英寸(2.5厘米)。選中引用段,用工具欄的縮進工具使得引用該段落比文章其他部分縮進1英寸。

如果用的是Microsoft Word、寫字板或其他文字處理軟件,可以在格式下拉菜單中點擊“段落”,設置左縮進為1英寸。

致遠教育溫馨提示:如果塊引用包含超過一段以上的引用內容,每個新段落都要往內多縮進0.25英寸(0.625厘米)。

在結束的標點符號后加上括號,其中寫上引用來源。這表示你的參考資料來源要在最后的句號或問號以后加上去。

下一個段落取消段落縮進。完成塊引用以后,回到下拉菜單,然后點擊格式-段落,然后把縮進改回0,繼續寫文章主部分。

擴展閱讀:本科、碩士論文一般采用MLA格式。請參考MLA塊引用的寫作標準:

When should a block quotation be used?

When a writer chooses to include a long quotation—one that takes up four or more lines of text—it must be set off as a free standing block lxws.net. As with any quotation a writer employs as evidence, the original text should contain relevant and compelling ideas that are expressed in vivid and concise language.

Block quotations should be used sparingly in longer essays and articles (multiple pages) and rarely in shorter works (1,500 words or less). Lengthy, wordy quotations should never be used simply to fill pages when the writer has little to say about the topic or issue.

How should a block quotation be formatted?

A block quotation is introduced with an informative, full-sentence signal phrase that ends with a colon.

The entire free standing block of the quoted material is indented 1” from the left margin (10 spaces) and is double-spaced throughout.

The first line of the quotation is not indented more than the following lines, unless two or more paragraphs are quoted.

Quotation marks are not added at the beginning or end of the quotation.

The end punctuation appears at the end of the last sentence in the quotation, not after the page number; no additional punctuation appears after the parenthesis.

Example: These results deserve further investigation. (23)

Add a concluding sentence or sentences after the block quotation to complete the paragraph.

Let’s look at an example:

In their investigation of the way the human mind deals with multitasking, Salvucci and Taatgen determined that driving is an act that requires drivers to engage in a variety of simultaneous subtasks; when drivers choose to add interaction with an electronic device to an already complex activity, the new demands on their minds can distract them from their primary task:

The heavy cognitive workload of driving suggests that any secondary task has the potential to affect driver behavior. Any concurrent task would necessarily involve procedural steps and thus, whether large or small, create additional cognitive workload. At the same time, not all secondary tasks are created equal, and we would expect some tasks to interfere with driving more than others. Not surprisingly, tasks involving significant visual demand have the greatest potential for negative effects on driver performance. (108) [1]

Thus, the researchers determined that the use of electronic devices—such as cell phones—while driving can possibly place enough additional demands on the drivers’ mental capacity to compromise their ability to operate a vehicle safely.

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