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Economic growth essay寫作技巧

發布時間:2020-04-27 14:03:58 閱讀:1976 作者:致遠教育 字數:1090 字 預計閱讀時間:3分鐘
導讀:EconomicGrowth是宏觀經濟學研究的重點,在我們的Alevel考試中也是必考內容。那么關于economicgrowth的essay怎么寫?

Economic growth 是宏觀經濟學研究的重點,在我們的Alevel考試中也是必考內容。那么關于economic growth的essay怎么寫?本次小編以真題為例,跟大家一起分析下Turkey相對較快的economic growth的原因。

首先把題目給大家看下,做題時我也是建議同學們先快速掃一眼題目!

economic growth essay題目

題目很簡單,讓我們分析Turkey相對較高的經濟增長率的原因。

Turkey GDP圖表

審題時,我們肯定是先泛讀題目,在沒有確定key words 或者key sentence時需要對figures的數據進行簡單了解。

一般分析會在文本中有所涉及,那么我們看完figure1之后可以簡單描述出Turkey自2008年至2015年的real GDP growth rate,其中2010年左右real GDP growth rate達到8%-9%,2013-2015為4%左右。

此外,figure 1還有關于current account balance的歷年變化數據,可以看的出來從2011年開始Turkey的current account deficit呈現逐年下降趨勢。

OK,到這里我們就對圖表分析完畢了啊,這些描述在APPLICATION里面會用到??!

figure2

下面,我們來看figure2。

figure2 顯示2008年-2015年Turkey重要經濟indicator 的數據變化,大家需要提高警惕了,這里可能涉及economic growth的reasons,畢竟AD包括C、I、G、X-M。

我們先將每個指標過一遍吧,inflation的忽高忽低,但是整體是decreasing,household consumption變化不多,但是占GDP比重很大吧,大概70%左右!Investment 占比比較穩定,大概20%。

extract1

圖表全部看完,大家都已經心中有數,這片材料整體圍繞宏觀indicators。

下面我們來看Extract1,extract1標題即為economic growth,比較簡短的兩段資料說明了Turkey的經濟狀況,這些我們可以作為APPLICATION 部分的參考,比如,在2015,the Turkish economy grew by 4%,高于EU平均growth rate,以及材料中提到的Turkey在2016年成為全球經濟中第七個增長最快的economy,但是我們在Extract1中沒有找到具體的原因,此時我們意識到,我們無法直接找到直接的材料用來分析,所以我們只能自己根據材料進行具體分析了!

分析即從consumption、investment、current account著手,還要涉及inflation、unemployment等indicators。

下面我們來看下老師寫的一篇Economic growth essay范文

Turkey's real GDP grew by 9.1% in 2010 and 8.6% in 2011. After several years of decline, it was still as high as 4% in 2015, significantly higher than the average economic growth rate of the eu.According to the text message, Turkey's rapid economic growth may depend on the following reasons:

First,figure2 shows that Turkey's household consumption expenditure accounts for about 70% of GDP, which is a high proportion. Consumption is an important component of total demand, which always includes investment, consumption, government purchase and net export.A higher consumption level indicates that residents have a higher demand for domestic goods. Therefore, domestic employment will rise, people's income will increase, people's consumption will still increase, and the living standard will also improve.

Second, investment is also a part of total demand. Figure2 shows that the investment in Turkey accounts for about 20% of GDP, which can improve future productivity, such as infrastructure improvement and lower transportation costs.In the graph, aggregate supply moves to the right in the long run, so economic output increases, inflation decreases, and employment increases.

Third, figure 1 shows that Turkey has a current account deficit, which will lead to the decline of its currency exchange rate.When the exchange rate goes down, Turkey's exports will go up, its imports will go down, so its imports and exports will go up, and that will increase AD, so the AD curve will move to the right, so the economic output will go up.

However, Turkey's economic growth depends on consumption, and as economic growth increases people's income, households also increase their consumption of imported goods and services, thus reducing imports and exports, possibly increasing the current account deficit, and ultimately reducing economic growth.

Although the current account deficit may lead to the decline of the Turkish exchange rate, the decline of the exchange rate may also lead to the increase of the cost of Turkey's imports of bulk commodities, such as oil and rice, which may aggravate the current account deficit and cause cost-push inflation.

While investment increases output, it also causes inflation, so supply-side policy is a good way to solve Turkey's economic problems.As extract 2 puts it, economic growth can be stabilized by accelerating labor market reforms, increasing productivity, and reducing corporate taxes to stimulate manufacturers' investment, thus improving the international competitiveness of Turkish products.

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