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留學作業寫作通用句型大全

發布時間:2020-04-30 13:52:23 閱讀:1743 作者:致遠教育 字數:1576 字 預計閱讀時間:5分鐘
導讀:留學生每到寫論文作業的時候,大家會不會有這樣一種感覺,這個句型好像已經用過很多次了,然后絞盡腦汁想出一個覺得不那么常用的句型。那么今天致遠小編就給大家提供一些留學作業寫作中可以用到的句型,按順序從介紹到總結,統統都有。需要的同學們趕緊收藏吧。

留學生每到寫論文作業的時候,大家會不會有這樣一種感覺,這個句型好像已經用過很多次了,然后絞盡腦汁想出一個覺得不那么常用的句型。那么今天致遠小編就給大家提供一些留學作業寫作中可以用到的句型,按順序從介紹到總結,統統都有。需要的同學們趕緊收藏吧。

留學作業寫作通用句型大全

Introduction部分通用句型

通常來說,Introduction部分包含以下內容:

● 闡述研究背景或者重要性

● 簡要回顧相關的文獻

● 說明自己的研究問題或者論文的目的

● 陳述論文的整體敘述結構

對于不同的敘述內容,具體來說又有不同的分類。

01.闡述研究背景或者重要性

在陳述研究重要性時,如果是對世界和社會的重要性,我們可以用這樣的句型:

◆ X is fundamental to …

◆ X has a pivotal role in …

◆ X is frequently prescribed for …

◆ X is fast becoming a key instrument in …

這幾句都比較簡單,但勝在清晰。

如果是說明研究問題對學科的重要性,以下的一些句型都可以使用:

◆ X is of interest because …

◆ X is a classic problem in …

◆ A primary concern of X is …

◆ X is a dominant feature of …

◆ X is an important aspect of …

◆ X is a fundamental property of …

有時候我們可能會說明研究問題在最近一段時間內愈受重視,借此來說明重要性。

◆ Traditionally, Xs have subscribed to the belief that …

◆ One of the most important events of the 1970s was …

◆ In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in …

02.簡要回顧相關的文獻

介紹完研究背景,我們有時也會需要簡要論述其他人的研究。

◆ Studies of X show the importance of …    

◆ It has previously been observed that …    

◆ Several attempts have been made to …    

◆ Previous research has established that …    

03.說明研究目的或中心論點

接下來我們需要說明自己的研究目的或者中心論點了。在敘述論點或者觀點時:

◆ This paper attempts to show that …

◆ The central thesis of this paper is that …

◆ In the pages that follow, it will be argued that …

◆ The aim of this essay is to explore the relationship between …

◆ The purpose of this paper is to review recent research into the …

說明研究目的時:

◆ The specific objective of this study was to

◆ An objective of this study was to investigate …

◆ This thesis will examine the way in which the …

◆ This study set out to investigate the usefulness of …

04.陳述論文整體結構

在介紹部分的最后,我們有時還需要去說明論文整體的敘述結構。

◆ The first section of this paper will examine…

◆ This paper begins by … 

◆ It will then go on to …

◆ My thesis is composed of four themed chapters.

◆ The essay has been organised in the following way.

Body部分通用句型

Body部分通用句型

Body是論文的主體部分,在具體內容方面我們沒有通用的句型,不過幾個固定部分我們還是可以借鑒的:

● 引用其他研究的具體內容

● 描述研究方法

● 陳述研究發現

01.引用其他研究

在文章中的引用,我們可能不會像介紹部分那樣概述,會描述具體發現,比如我們在描述具體人員的研究發現時,以下句型都可以參考:

◆ Smith (1999) showed that reducing X to 190oC decreased … (see Figure 2).

◆ Smith (1999) demonstrated that when the maximum temperature is exceeded …

◆ Smith (1999) found that as levels of literacy and education of the population rise …

如果是說明該領域內之前研究人員的發現,一個或者幾個。

◆ Previous research has established that …

◆ Data from several studies suggest that …

◆ It is now well established from a variety of studies that …

◆ A number of studies have postulated a convergence between …

02.描述研究方法

在描述研究方法時,我們有時會需要說明某種方法的優劣,我們為什么選擇它。

◆ A major advantage of X is that …

◆ The benefit of this approach is that …

◆ X based methods provide a means of …

◆ X was selected for its reliability and validity.

有時候我們可能會用到問卷設計,需要對問卷進行說明。

◆ Seven questions, adapted from X, assessed …

◆ All survey questions utilised a 5-point Likert scale.

◆ Using a 5-point Likert scale, participants were asked …

03.陳述研究發現

在body部分,我們還會陳述研究發現,最常用的就是直接闡述。

◆ The current study found that …

◆ Another important finding was that …

◆ The most interesting finding was that …

◆ In this study, Xs were found to cause …

除了直接闡述,有時我們還會將結果與以前的發現進行比較。

◆ This study confirms that X is associated with …

◆ This finding was also reported by Smith et al. (1989).

◆ This finding is consistent with that of Smith (2000) who …

Conclusion部分通用句型

Conclusion部分通用句型

Conclusion部分則包含以下內容:

● 總結研究成果或論點

● 說明研究的意義或局限性

● 對進一步的研究提出建議

01.總結研究成果或論點

◆ This study has identified …

◆ This study has shown that …

◆ The research has also shown that …

◆ The second major finding was that …

02.說明研究的意義或局限性

在闡述發現之后,我們可以討論一下這樣研究的意義

◆ The findings will be of interest to …

◆ This thesis has provided a deeper insight into …

◆ The findings reported here shed new light on …

◆ The study contributes to our understanding of …

除了研究的意義,我們可能還需要指出其中的不足。

◆ Being limited to X, this study lacks …

◆ The small sample size did not allow …

◆ The major limitation of this study is the …

◆ This study was limited by the absence of 

03.對進一步的研究提出建議

最后,我們可以適當展望一下未來,對進一步的研究提出建議。

◆ The question raised by this study is …

◆ The study should be repeated using …

◆ This would be a fruitful area for further work.

◆ A natural progression of this work is to analyse …

好了,上面就是一些我們在留學作業寫作中可以用到的句型,大家可以根據需要使用。最后,雖然這里的例句雖然不少,但肯定無法涵蓋所有。所以學姐建議大家在閱讀參考文獻時,可以摘錄一些通用的句型,同領域問題的研究,其實有很多方法、結論、背景介紹都是相似的,適當借鑒一些也很方便。

評論列表

2021-06-01 09:55匿名用戶
mark!這些句型也太實用了!
2021-07-21 14:13匿名用戶
果斷收藏!

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