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Compare and Contrast Essay寫作技巧方法

發布時間:2020-06-15 15:15:06 閱讀:7872 作者:致遠教育 字數:814 字 預計閱讀時間:3分鐘
導讀:CompareandContrastEssay,亦即比較和對比論文,是指對于兩個或兩以上事物、情況或過程的分析,其主要特點是不可缺少的兩個事物之間相似點和不同點的闡述。望文生義,Compare(比較)指論文所探討事物之間尋找相同點的過程,而Contrast(對比)指尋找事物...

Compare and Contrast Essay,亦即比較和對比論文,是指對于兩個或兩以上事物、情況或過程的分析,其主要特點是不可缺少的兩個事物之間相似點和不同點的闡述。望文生義,Compare(比較)指論文所探討事物之間尋找相同點的過程,而Contrast(對比)指尋找事物之間不同點的過程。那么如何寫好這類Essay呢?本文為大家分享。

Compare and Contrast Essay寫作

在比較和對比兩個事物當中,我們建議以下面三種方法去完成Compare and Contrast Essay寫作:

1)Subject by subject, 亦即我們可以先論述第一個事物的特點,而在此完成之后第二個事物里找出于前者相似和不同點。大致框架如下:

開頭: It’s better to live on campus than with parents during college times.

正文:

1. 情況1: live on campus

-情況1對比比較點1: advantages (less control, rich social life);

-情況1對比比較點2: disadvantages (missing family, accommodation fees);

2. 情況2: live with parents

- 情況2對比比較點1: advantages (parents can help with chores, e.g. laundry and cooking; privacy of your own room);

- 情況2對比比較點2: disadvantages (fall out of campus life).

結尾

2)Point by point,亦即正文每段僅用一個對比比較點來探討兩個事物:

開頭: It’s better to live on campus than with parents during college times.

正文:

1. 對比比較點1: parents’ control

- 情況1(living on campus)You live independently, don’t have as much control;

- 情況2 (living with parents) Parents can help you with everyday routine and chores.

2. 對比比較點2: social life

- 情況1(living on campus)Meeting new people all the time;

- 情況2 (living with parents) We can have more privacy while still going out with friends when we want to.

結尾

3) Compare then contrast, 亦即先展開兩個事物之間的相似點, 再去探討不同之處:

開頭: It’s better to live on campus than with parents during college times.

正文:

1. 情況1和情況2的相似點

- you can always get help from roommates or your family;

- you still see your college friends during classes;

- if you’re active, you’ll participate in campus life regardless of where you live.

2. 情況1和情況2的不同點

- housework is entirely on your shoulders if you live on campus;

- you don’t have as much privacy as you had living at home;

- commute troubles getting to classes from home;

- accommodation fee if living on campus.

結尾Compare and Contrast Essay寫作參考題目

Compare and Contrast Essay寫作參考題目

• American English vs. British English: Major Differences.

• Fascism and Nazism: Different or the Same?

• Luxury way of life against poor living.

• Working in Office or Being a Freelancer?

• Homework assignments & in-class work.

• Is paid education (private colleges) more effective than free (public schools)?

• Harry Potter: book & movie.

• Do tomatoes belong to fruits or berries?

• Communism and liberalism: comparing.

• Democracy & dictatorship: which one is better in a particular situation?

• Paintings or photos.

• Listening to audiobooks or reading: what is more effective?

總之而言,Compare and contrast essay以兩個事物之間不同之處和相同之處的關聯進行分析并提出某種論題。這種寫作沒有嚴格的書寫要求,同學們可以按照個人寫作習慣去寫。主要記得是Compare and contrast essay務必擁有對比或比較,也可以有兩者。在選擇話題的時候,最好不用幾個明顯不同或明顯相似的事物或情況。一個突然被發現的微妙差異比幾個眾所周知的事實列表能夠做出印象更為深刻,更有優秀論文的效果。

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