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Conclusion寫作建議與策略

發布時間:2020-07-29 11:16:13 閱讀:1987 作者:致遠教育 字數:1024 字 預計閱讀時間:3分鐘
導讀:結論往往是一篇文章中最難寫的部分,許多作者覺得自己寫完論文就沒什么可說的了。作者需要記住,結論往往是讀者記憶最深刻的東西。你的結論應該是你論文最好的部分。

結論往往是一篇文章中最難寫的部分,許多作者覺得自己寫完論文就沒什么可說的了。作者需要記住,結論往往是讀者記憶最深刻的東西。你的結論應該是你論文最好的部分。

Conclusion寫作

Conclusions are often the most difficult part of an essay to write, and many writers feel that they have nothing left to say after having written the paper. A writer needs to keep in mind that the conclusion is often what a reader remembers best. Your conclusion should be the best part of your paper.

結論應該強調論文主題的重要性,給文章一個完整的感覺,并且給讀者留下最后的印象。A conclusion should stress the importance of the thesis statement, give the essay a sense of completeness, and leave a final impression on the reader.

Conclusion寫作建議Suggestions

A 回答問題“那又怎樣?”Answer the question "So What?"

告訴你的讀者為什么這篇文章很重要。告訴他們你的論文是有意義和有用的。 Show your readers why this paper was important. Show them that your paper was meaningful and useful.

B 綜合,不要總結 Synthesize, don't summarize

不要簡單地重復你論文中的內容。他們讀過了。向他們展示你的觀點和你所使用的支持和例子不是隨機的,而是相互吻合的。Don't simply repeat things that were in your paper. They have read it. Show them how the points you made and the support and examples you used were not random, but fit together.

C 引導讀者 Redirect your readers

給你的讀者一些思考的東西,也許是一種在“真實”世界中使用你的論文的方法。如果你的引言是從一般到具體,那就讓你的結論從具體到一般。思考時考慮全局。Give your reader something to think about, perhaps a way to use your paper in the "real" world. If your introduction went from general to specific, make your conclusion go from specific to general. Think globally.

D 創造新的意義Create a new meaning

你不需要提供新的信息來創造新的意義。通過展示你的想法是如何協同工作的,你可以創造一個新的畫面。通常,論文的總價值大于構成它的各個部分。 You don't have to give new information to create a new meaning. By demonstrating how your ideas work together, you can create a new picture. Often the sum of the paper is worth more than its parts.

Conclusion寫作策略Strategies

Conclusion寫作策略Strategies

A 回應引言 Echoing the introduction

回應你的引言是一個很好的策略,如果它是為了讓讀者有一個閉環了解。如果你從描述一個場景開始,你可以用同樣的場景作為結尾,證明你的文章有助于產生新的見解。Echoing your introduction can be a good strategy if it is meant to bring the reader full-circle. If you begin by describing a scenario, you can end with the same scenario as proof that your essay was helpful in creating a new understanding.

B 讓讀者去挑戰 Challenging the readers

向你的讀者提出一個挑戰問題,可幫助他們自己對文章提供的信息進行新的定位,他們可能會把這些信息應用到自己的生活(工作)中。 By issuing a challenge to your readers, you are helping them to redirect the information in the paper, and they may apply it to their own lives. 

C 展望未來 Looking to the future

展望未來可以讓論文的重要性得到強調,也可以重新引導讀者的思維過程。它可以幫助他們將新的信息應用到他們的生活中,或者更全面地看待事物。Looking to the future can emphasize the importance of your paper or redirect the readers' thought process. It may help them apply the new information to their lives or see things more globally.

D 提出問題 Posing questions 

向你的讀者或一般讀者提出問題,可能會幫助你的讀者對這個主題有一個新的視角,在閱讀你的結論之前,他們可能沒有把握住這個觀點。它也可以把你的主要想法集中在一起創造一個新的意義。Posing questions, either to your readers or in general, may help your readers gain a new perspective on the topic, which they may not have held before reading your conclusion. It may also bring your main ideas together to create a new meaning.

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