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college essay寫作8個最大誤區

發布時間:2020-11-24 14:44:37 閱讀:1464 作者:致遠教育 字數:2754 字 預計閱讀時間:9分鐘
導讀:在大學論文寫作界,最大的誤解是,大學論文是復雜的、棘手的任務,你只能通過幾個小時的痛苦勞動來完成。好消息:這是完全錯誤的。

The biggest misconception out in College Essay-Writing Land is that college essays are complex, tricky undertakingsyou can only get through with hours of painful labor. Goodnews: that's dead wrong.

在大學論文寫作界,最大的誤解是,大學論文是復雜的、棘手的任務,你只能通過幾個小時的痛苦勞動來完成。好消息:這是完全錯誤的。

College Essay-Writing

The truth is that the college essay is simple. It doesn't need to be creative. It doesn't need to bewitty. It doesn't require fancy vocabulary. What it does needis to show you'll be SUCCESSFUL in college and beyond. (This blog post walksyou through how to make the case you'll succeed by aligning your essaywith the 5 traits colleges look for in applicants.) And, it's got to answer all the partsof the prompt. But that's about it.

事實上,大學論文很簡單。它不需要創造性。它不需要詼諧。它不需要花哨的詞匯。它所需要的是證明你會在大學和以后取得成功。(這篇博客將告訴你如何通過將你的文章與大學在申請人身上尋找的5個特質相匹配來證明你會成功。)它必須回答所有的提示。但僅此而已。

To show why this is actually astraight-forward process — in fact, one you can ace in just aboutfour hours for your longest one (see Myth 8 below) — we're goingto debunk the top eight myths about college essays. All the myths are relatedto that fundamental misconception about essays being complex — isn't it niceknowing that, for once, the truth is much simpler?

為了說明為什么這是一個很簡單的過程——事實上,你可以在4個小時內完成你最長的一篇論文(見誤區8)——我們將揭穿關于大學論文的8大誤區。所有的誤區都與關于文章復雜的基本誤解有關——知道了這一次真相更簡單,不是很好嗎?

Myth 1: CollegeEssays Are About Showcasing Excellent Writing Skills

誤區1:大學論文是用來展示優秀的寫作技巧的

Reality: Essays are about showcasing your abilityto succeed in college and beyond. This means content matters: Your growth, whatyou've learned and why it makes you an ambitious, creative, motivated personwith great values.

事實:論文是用來展示你在大學以及以后取得成功的能力。這意味著內容很重要:你的成長,你學到了什么,為什么它讓你成為一個雄心勃勃、有創造力、有上進心的人,擁有偉大的價值觀。

What doesn't matter is style — with theexception of clarity. Clear writing scores points. "Creative" writingalmost always costs points. That includes beautiful metaphors, clever analogiesand the rest of the literary arsenal that many students worry about showingoff. Time and energy devoted to this extraneous style stuff is leading youastray: Stay focused on clearly illustrating the experiences that prove you'llbe successful in college and beyond.

重要的是風格——除了清晰性。書寫清晰可得分。“創意”寫作幾乎總是要付出分數?;ㄔ谶@些無關的文體上的時間和精力會讓你誤入歧途:要專注于清楚地說明那些能證明你在大學和以后會成功的經歷。

Myth 2: ReadingStrong Example Essays Will Set You on the Right Path

誤區2:閱讀優秀的范例文章會讓你走上正確的道路

Reality: Please don't. Here's what's most likelygoing to happen — and we say this because we've seen it so many times: You'regoing to latch on to the flashy parts in the essay that are actually extraneousto what makes it work.

現實:請不要。這是最有可能發生的事情——我們這么說是因為我們已經見過很多次了:你要抓住文章中浮華的部分,而這些部分實際上是無關緊要的。

As we said in Myth 1, descriptive languageis a distraction. It's the content that matters. But it's really hard not tolet a lovely turn of phrase turn your head when reading someone else's words.If you must read a sample essay, put on your Admissions Officer hat, and lookfor evidence that the student will be successful and exemplify the five traits.

正如我們在誤區1中所說的,描述性的語言會分散注意力。重要的是內容。但是當你讀別人的話的時候,你很難不被這些可愛的短語所吸引。如果你必須要讀一篇范文,那就戴上你的招生官的帽子,尋找能證明你的學生將會成功的證據,并能證明你具備這五個特質。

Myth 3: ThePersonal Essay Is the Place to Tell Your Life Story

誤區3:個人短文是講述你的人生故事的地方

Reality: Your family background is rarely the most compellingthing about you. Instead, focus on experiences related to the five traits.

事實:你的家庭背景很少是你最引人注目的東西。相反,應該關注與這五種特質相關的經歷。

Myth 4: First YouChoose Your Prompt, Then You Write Your Essay

誤區4:首先你選擇你的主題,然后寫你的文章

Reality: Nope. The first thing you need to do isthink through what experiences in your life show you can succeed in college andbeyond. Once you've figured out what you want to say, scroll through yourprompt choices, and select the one(s) that let you say it. (In fact, even ifthe college doesn't give you a choice, this is a good method to make sure youranswer focuses on what matters.)

現實:不。你需要做的第一件事是思考你在生活中哪些經歷能讓你在大學或以后取得成功。一旦你想說什么,滾動你的提示選項,并選擇一個(幾個)讓你說。(事實上,即使學校不給你選擇的機會,這也是一個讓你的答案集中在重要的事情上的好方法。)

Myth 5: Strong Essays Use Formal Writing and Impressive Vocab Words

誤區5:優秀的文章使用正式的寫作和令人印象深刻的詞匯

Reality: Think of a college admissionsofficer. Think of all the essays they have to read. So many!! Now, give thatpoor soul a break. Stand out by being that essay that gets straight to thepoint, and wins their heart in the process. Great essays use a conversationaltone, including contractions (ex: "don't,""can't"), everyday words, the first person (I, me, my), and short,easy-to-follow sentences. Even sentence fragments, on occasion. Their focus ison succinctly telling a powerful story. A general rule of thumb – only use acomplex or compound sentence once every three sentences (max).

現實:想想大學招生官。想想他們要讀的文章。這么多! !現在,饒了那個可憐的靈魂吧。寫一篇直擊主題的文章,從而贏得對方的好感,從而脫穎而出。優秀的文章使用對話式的語氣,包括縮寫(例如:“don’t,”“can’t”),日常用語,第一人稱(I, me, my),以及簡短、易于理解的句子。有時甚至是句子片段。他們的重點是簡潔地講述一個有力的故事。一個基本的經驗法則——每三句話只使用一次復合句或復合句(最多)。

A note on adjectives: As Mark Twain once said, "If youcatch an adjective, kill it." Adjectives tend to weaken writing. In anydraft, go through and cut every instance of very, great,extremely, amazing and other superlatives. They just don't add value.The only adjectives you should keep are descriptive ones (ex: secretive, blue, box-shaped).

關于形容詞的注解:正如馬克·吐溫曾經說過的,“如果你抓住了一個形容詞,把它殺死。”形容詞會削弱寫作效果。在任何一份草稿中,都要仔細檢查并刪除非常、偉大、極其、驚人和其他最高級的每一個實例。它們只是不能增加價值。你只應該保留描述性的形容詞(例如:神秘的,藍色的,盒子形的)。

Myth 6: InSomething as High-Stakes as a College Essay, Students Always Answer the Promptin Full

誤區6:在寫大學論文這樣高風險的事情上,學生總是會完整地回答問題

Reality: Admissions officers invariably tell us howoften they get essays that leave parts of the prompt unanswered. Colleges don'task questions they don't want the answers to. Yet smart, motivated studentsleave critical parts out all the time. Avoid this mistake by carefullyoutlining your answer to each prompt with clear notes for each part of thequestion. And, double check that you fully answered each question every timeyou review a draft.

事實:招生官員總是告訴我們,他們收到的論文有多少次沒有回答部分問題。大學不會問他們不想要答案的問題。然而,聰明、積極的學生總是忽略關鍵的部分。為了避免這個錯誤,你可以仔細地列出每個題目的答案,并清楚地記下問題的每一部分。并且,每次看草稿的時候,都要仔細檢查你是否回答了每個問題。

Myth 7: It'sAlways a Great Idea to Get Feedback from the Smart, Wise Grown-Ups Who Know You Well

誤區7:從了解你的聰明的成年人那里獲得反饋總是一個好主意

Reality: This is a great way to go on a wild goosechase. Most grownups — like most students — buy into that big misconception weled with in the intro. The one about college essays being complex, and needingbeautiful, much-polished language to succeed. If left to their own devices,these adults can lead you down language-y rabbit holes that do you more harmthan good.

現實:這是一個很好的方式去做徒勞的事情。大多數成年人——像大多數學生一樣——都接受了我們在開場時就產生的那個巨大的誤解。一篇關于大學論文復雜,需要優美的、經過潤色的語言才能成功的文章。如果任其發展,這些成年人可能會把你帶入對你弊大于利的“語言黑洞”。

Instead, choose one or two smart, kindadults, and ask them to focus on whether you've shown you can succeed in collegeand beyond. How? By having them answer three specific questions:

相反,你可以選擇一兩個聰明、善良的成年人,讓他們關注你在大學和以后的生活中是否能夠取得成功。如何?讓他們回答三個具體的問題:

1.What did you learn about me? (e.g.personality traits, values, strengths)

你對我有什么了解?(例如性格特征、價值觀、長處)

2. How could the content be more compelling?(i.e. what didn't you learn that you wanted to?)

怎樣才能讓內容更吸引人呢?(也就是說,什么是你想學卻沒學的?)

3.Is the essay well structured? How could itbe improved?

文章結構好嗎?該如何改進呢?

Myth 8: College Essays Should Take Forever to Write and Rewrite

誤區8:大學論文應該花很長時間來寫和重寫

Reality: Honing. Crafting. Refining. Yeah, thoseare great skills. You just don't need them here. As insane (andtoo-good-to-be-true) as it might sound, the entire process of writing yourlongest essay — the personal essay — should take about four hours spread acrossone week. Here's Prompt's process in a nutshell:

現實:珩磨。制作。精煉。是的,這些都是很棒的技能。你只是不需要他們在這里。這聽起來很瘋狂(而且好得令人難以置信),但寫你最長的一篇文章——個人文章——的整個過程需要在一周內花費大約四個小時。以下是Prompt的處理過程:

Day 1: Brainstorm content (45 minutes).

Day 2: Create an outline (30 minutes).

Day 3: Write the first draft (30 minutes).

Day 4: Revise, based on feedback (75 minutes).

Day 6: Get more feedback, and revise again (30 minutes).

Day 8: Final read-through and polish (30 minutes).

·第一天:頭腦風暴內容(45分鐘)。

·第二天:創建一個輪廓(30分鐘)。

·第三天:寫出第一稿(30分鐘)。

·第四天:修改,基于反饋(75分鐘)。

·第六天:獲得更多反饋,再次修改(30分鐘)。

·第八天:最后通讀和修改潤色(30分鐘)。

The best way to get started on thisdelightfully short writing process is to walk through Prompt's freebrainstorming tools, which you can do by creating a free Prompt account and going to the Content tab.

要想開始這個愉快的簡短寫作過程,最好的方法是瀏覽一下Prompt的免費頭腦風暴工具,你可以創建一個免費的Prompt帳戶,然后轉到Content標簽頁。

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