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Essay連接詞大全及使用方法

發布時間:2021-03-03 10:41:49 閱讀:2862 作者:致遠教育 字數:2310 字 預計閱讀時間:7分鐘
導讀:在Essay寫作中,連接詞是提高Essay內容連貫性和一致性必不可少的工具。如果缺少了連接詞,Essay論點與觀點、句子與句子之間的關系也會變得不清晰。本文致遠教育為大家總結了Essay連接詞大全及使用方法,一起來看看有哪些常用的Essay鏈接詞吧。

在Essay寫作中,連接詞是提高Essay內容連貫性和一致性必不可少的工具。如果缺少了連接詞,Essay論點與觀點、句子與句子之間的關系也會變得不清晰。本文致遠教育為大家總結了Essay連接詞大全及使用方法,一起來看看有哪些常用的Essay鏈接詞吧。

Essay連接詞

Essay連接詞類型

Essay連接詞根據前后文關系可以分為順序連接詞、邏輯連接詞、轉折連接詞、層次連接詞等,我們來為大家介紹下這些類型的連接詞。

順序連接詞

順序連接詞是英語Essay寫作中最常見的一種連接詞。Essay中經常會使用到順序連接詞來為論點排序。最常見的就是Firstly, secondly, (etc.)。此外,Essay中比較常見的還有in the first place, first of all, to begin with, in the second place, next, then, after, before, in the end, last of all, finally等,這些連接詞一般都用在段落或句子開頭,承接上文,引出后文。

如:

First of all, I’d like to talk about the benefits of the pets.

Then, I will show you which kind of pets are good to keep.

這兩句句子前的順序連接詞First of all和Then,分別是首先、接著的意思,表達養寵物這個內容的深入和延續。

邏輯連接詞

邏輯連接詞常被用來連接兩個短句,形成一個復雜的長句。邏輯連接詞連接的兩個短句往往有著一定的邏輯關系,例如因果關系、條件關系等,連接詞具體連接因果或條件,還需要根據連接詞的意義并結合上下文才能確定。常見的表邏輯關系的連接詞有if, only if, when, whenever, unless等。

如:If I am bored, I will go to the amusement park.

Unless I’m mistaken, Jack’s house is the third on the right.

這兩句的邏輯連接詞分別是if和unless,分別可以譯為“如果”和“除非”,連接條件,組成條件關系。

轉折連接詞

轉折連接詞即該連接詞連接的短語或句子呈轉折或對立關系,并且往往強調轉折后的內容。轉折連接詞在Essay寫作中出現頻率很高,在論點變化時經常會使用。常見的轉折連接詞有:In comparison, however, but, on the other hand, alternatively, instead, in contrast, on the contrary, in fact, in comparison, despite, in spite of, nevertheless, for all that, yet, likewise, conversely等。

這其中In spite of, Despite, In contrast to, Contrary to等常連接兩個對立的論點,后接名詞性短語。However, Nevertheless, Yet, On the contrary, In contrast等常用來連接和前文對立的新觀點,需要使用逗號。

例如:

I was in so much pain. Nevertheless, I went to basketball practice as usual.

Contrary to the strange food, England holds many good restaurants.

短語連接詞

短語連接詞

短語連接詞其實就是指是短語的連接詞。連接詞可以是一個單詞,有時也會是短語。短語連接詞數量和單詞連接詞相比有很多,在使用時要注意不同短語在不同句子中的使用方法。

表時間的短語連接詞有:after a while, at once, at this moment, at this point, before that, in the end, later on, on another occasion, until then等。

表轉折的短語連接詞有:by contrast, differs from, even so, in contrast, in fact, in other respects, in spite of this, in that respect, on the contrary, on the other hand等。

表因果關系的短語連接詞有:all the same, an effect of, an outcome of, an upshot of, as a consequence of, as a result of, caused by, despite this, even though, under the circumstances等。

層次連接詞

層次連接詞在英語Essay中也很常見,常用來連接幾個連貫且逐步深入的論點,因此層次連接詞往往會以一個相似的形式在Essay中先后使用。

如:

First,… Second,… Third,… Finally,…

First,… Then,…Then,… Finally,…

First,… Next,… Then,… Finally,…

First,… Later on,…After that,… Last,…

First,…Besides,…In addition,… Also,…Finally,…

First of all,… Also,… Finally,…

Some think that… On the other hand ,…

My first reason is,… My second reason is… Then,… Again,… Finally,…

如果想在Essay中表達遞進式的論點關系,就可以使用以上這些層次連接詞。

例如:First, technology has enhanced our living quality… Second, technology has enriched our knowledge… Finally, technology will bring us a wonderful future…

表示時間的連接詞

Essay寫作中表示時間的連接詞主要有:before, now, when, next, then, soon, afterward, a minute later, later, last, at last, finally, presently, thereafter, subsequently, lastly, after a short time, in the meantime, meanwhile, ultimately, the next week (month, day, etc.), on the following day等。這些連接詞往往表示某一具體時間點,或時間段。

例如:He could play the piano before he was eight.

Mike started to walk home, one minute later he sees an accident.

高級連接詞

高級連接詞是相對英文Essay寫作中的基礎連接詞而言的,基礎連接詞結構簡單、較為常見、使用頻率高,如and, so, then等。高級連接詞結構復雜,使用頻率相對較低,但是在Essay中出現高級連接詞是一種很“拉風”的行為,Essay中合理使用高級連接詞能表明作者詞匯量豐富,思路清晰、寫作技巧成熟。

Essay中比較常見的高級連接詞有:in addition, moreover, furthermore, as well as, consequently, subsequently, therefore, hence, ergo, although, however, whereas, nonetheless, nevertheless, notwithstanding, on the other hand等。

在Essay寫作中想要使用高級連接詞時有個竅門,可以將同義的低級連接詞換成高級連接詞,比如將but換成however,so換成therefore,不過在替換時要注意語法和內容的準確性。

如這句話:Technology has enhanced our living quality. So we need to keep researching.

將so替換成高級連接詞Therefore,句子就變成:

Technology has enhanced our living quality. Therefore, we need to keep researching.

這樣句子看起來就比前一句就“高級”一些了。

正在演講的留學生

演講稿PPT常用連接詞

在Essay寫作的過程中,免不了會遇到些需要表達的時候,例如開題報告展示、答辯等。這類時候經常需要演講稿、PPT并結合口頭表述進行呈現。在這類時候,也需要使用到一些連接詞,但是不需要像書面寫作這么嚴謹,使用些簡單、口語化的連接詞銜接前后文即可。

例如在介紹主要觀點的時候,可以用A major concern is, The crux of the matter, Fundamentally, The central problem is that, A basic point was, A significant issue has been等。

在強調某個觀點的時候,可以用That is to say, So now what we have is, The point I am making is , Let me put that another way, In other words, As I have been saying等。

介紹另一觀點的時候,可以用Now let’s consider, I’d like to move on to/look at, If I could now turn to, My next point is, Now what about, Let me move on to等。

需要舉例的時候,可以用Let me illustrate this by, Take the case of, This is illustrated by, This is demonstrated by, An example of this is等。

演講快結束、總結陳詞的時候,可以用To sum up, Therefore, In conclusion, As a result, To recapitulate, To conclude, In summary等。

萬能連接詞大全

所謂的萬能連接詞,主要還是指一些在不同情況中都能使用的連接詞。

常見的萬能連接詞有after, since, when, while, but, however, although, and, if等。這些連接詞可以在不同的內容中連接不同的含義。

例如if,我們現來為大家舉些例子:

If he has any merit, it is his German.

If Dad could see me now, I will be very happy.

He wondered if I knew Chinese.

這三句話中,if連接的部分分別屬于轉折、條件、假設關系,可見if是一個很實用的連接詞。

當然,這些萬能連接詞的使用也要根據上下文意思和語法的準確度來酌情使用,不能因為“萬能”就隨便使用。

段落開頭連接詞

在段落開頭適當添加連接詞能更好地體現Essay的整體性和邏輯性,也能提醒讀者注意Essay中的要點,對Essay的記憶更加深刻。常見的段落開頭連接詞有:besides, in addition to, having…, not only…but also…, although, while, even though, despite等,此外也可以使用些次序性的連接詞,如first, second (etc.), meanwhile, subsequently, to conclude, finally等。

舉例來說,假設我們剛剛寫完一段Essay,這段內容的大意是:Technology has enhanced our living quality.那么下一段開頭,我們就可以這樣寫:Meanwhile, technology has enriched our knowledge.也可以這么寫:While technology has a lot of merits, it also brings a lot of damage.段落開頭添加了連接詞之后,Essay內容能更加通順,段落與段落間的邏輯性也能更加嚴密。

結尾連接詞

結尾連接詞通常出現在Essay結尾處,用于總結Essay,重申觀點。

常見的結尾連接詞有:finally, in summary, to repeat, to sum up, briefly, in short, on the whole, therefore, in conclusion, as noted above, as you can see, undoubtedly, unquestionably, in any event, in other words, obviously, as I have said, without question, to be sure, without a doubt, in any case等。

例如:In conclusion, technology has changed our life.

以上就是致遠教育為大家介紹的Essay寫作中會使用到的不同類型的連接詞,大家可以在自己的Essay里多多使用哦。

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