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五段式Essay寫作方法

發布時間:2020-03-17 11:13:57 閱讀:2773 作者:致遠教育
導讀:留學生寫好一篇Essay其實是有跡可循的,它可以簡單到5個段落?;旧细咧泻痛髮W的Essay是按照以下5個標準構成的:引言(Introduction)、主體1(Body 1)、主體2(Body 2)、主體3(Body...

留學生寫好一篇Essay其實是有跡可循的,它可以簡單到5個段落?;旧细咧泻痛髮W的Essay是按照以下5個標準構成的:

段落一:引言(Introduction)

段落二:主體1(Body 1)

段落三:主體2(Body 2)

段落四:主體3(Body 3)

段落五:總結(Conclusion)

這種五段式Essay寫作結構背后的邏輯是讓老師更容易理解文章段落中的中心思想,下面我們就來具體說一下五段式結構怎么做。

五段式Essay寫作方法

1.引言(The Introduction)

引言的關鍵是點明你的立場(也被稱為“論點”或“論證”)。

論點需要清晰明確,最好用一句話來表明你的論點,這樣可以讓讀者在腦海里對你的文章中心思想非常明確。接下來圍繞論點,你應該起草一個概述的大綱去闡述支持你的論點。在寫引言的最后一句話的時候最好要以過度的形式展開,順其自然的與接下來的內容銜接上。讓我們一起來看一個優秀的引言舉例:

題目:Do we learn more from finding out that we have made mistakes or from our successful actions?

引言:No man is an island and, as such, he is constantly shaped and influenced by his experiences. People learn by doing and, accordingly, learn considerably more from their mistakes than their success. For proof of this, consider examples from both science and everyday experience.‍

2.主體(The body paragraphs

正文段落需要充分舉例證明你的論點。

對于第一個正文段落你應該使用最具有說服力的論證或例子去闡述你的論點,除非需要其他的明顯的開始(如按時間順序)

為老師在腦海里勾勒你的思想,最后圍繞你的題目論點舉出5-6個相關的事實案例。之后你需要有邏輯的闡明為什么這些例子可以證明你的論點。一定不能低估這個部分的重要性,這個是你之前舉例的意義所在。

接著上面的引言舉例,讓我們一起來看這個論文主體的舉例:

主體:“Take, by way of example, Thomas Edison. The famed American inventor rose to prominence in the late 19th century because of his successes, yes, but even he felt that these successes were the result of his many failures. He did not succeed in his work on one of his most famous inventions, the lightbulb, on his first try nor even on his hundred and first try. In fact, it took him more than 1,000 attempts to make the first incandescent bulb but, along the way, he learned quite a deal. As he himself said, I did not fail a thousand times but instead succeeded in finding a thousand ways it would not work. Thus Edison demonstrated both in thought and action how instructive mistakes can be”. 

3.總結(The Conclusion)

最后一段是你的文章的結尾部分,一定不能成為你對文章內容的感想。因為最后一段是你點明觀點的最后機會,所以一定要有嚴格的格式來呈現結尾內容。

過度到結尾一般使用((in conclusion, in the end, )這樣的總結性詞匯開始。之后你應該立即再次強調你的論點陳述。這對明確你的論點會起到很好的作用,同時也起到了總結正文三個要點的作用。

最后讓我們一起來看以下論文結尾舉例:

“In the end, then, one thing is clear: mistakes do far more to help us learn and improve than successes. As examples from both science and everyday experience can attest, if we treat each mistake not as a misstep but as a learning experience the possibilities for self-improvement are limitless”.

Taken together, then, the overall structure of a five paragraph essay should look something like this:

Introduction Paragraph

An attention-grabbing hook

A thesis statement

A preview of the three subtopics you will discuss in the body paragraphs.

First Body Paragraph

Topic sentence which states the first subtopic and opens with a transition

Supporting details or examples

An explanation of how this example proves your thesis

Second Body Paragraph

Topic sentence which states the second subtopic and opens with a transition

Supporting details or examples

An explanation of how this example proves your thesis

Third Body Paragraph

Topic sentence which states the third subtopic and opens with a transition

Supporting details or examples

An explanation of how this example proves your thesis

Concluding Paragraph

Concluding Transition, Reverse hook, and restatement of thesis.

Rephrasing main topic and subtopics.

Global statement or call to action.‍

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